Navigation Links
Research Reveals Anatomy of Suppressed Memories: Study

US researchers have identified the parts of the brain that are involved with suppressing unpleasant memories, a finding that could have implications for treating depression or post traumatic stress disorder, according to a study released Thursday.

The concept of memory suppression has been a controversial one among psychologists for a century, but in this study neuroscientists used brain scans to show that volunteers who have been asked to banish disturbing memories show very specific patterns of brain activity.

The scans showed that two specific regions of the prefrontal cortex -- what neuroscientists call the seat of cognitive control -- appear to work in tandem to modulate posterior brain regions like the visual cortex, the hippocampus and amygdala. These areas are involved in tasks such as visual recall, memory encoding and retrieval and emotional expression.

"These results indicate memory suppression does occur, and, at least in nonpsychiatric populations, is under the control of the prefrontal cortex," the investigators reported in the journal Science.

For the purpose of the experiment, the 16 volunteers were given 40 pairs of photographs to study. In each case, an image of a neutral human face was paired with an emotionally disturbing image such as a car crash, a wounded soldier, an electric chair or a violent crime scene.

After memorizing each pair, the volunteers were placed in an MRI (magnetic resonance imaging) scanner. Once inside the machine, they were shown only the neutral face images and instructed to either actively recall the associated image or to actively suppress it.

The results of the scans or fMRIs (functional magnetic resonance imaging) indicated that the volunteers were able to "exert some control over their emotional memories," said Brendan Depue, a doctoral student in neuroscience at the University of Colorado at Boulder, and lead author of the study.

"By essentially shutting down specific portions of the brain, they were able to stop the retrieval process of particular memories," Depue said.

The authors of the paper said they hope that their work will promote further research into better therapies and possibly even drug treatments for people suffering from conditions such as PTSD, phobias, and obsessive-compulsive syndrome. The symptoms of these disorders include flashbacks to disturbing events, and intrusive or obsessive thoughts.

"The first step is to understand how memory suppression works in healthy individuals, and what neural mechanisms are at work," said Depue. "Then you need to look at those same mechanisms in a clinical population and figure out why they aren't functioning properly."


'"/>




Related medicine news :

1. Kidney Stones - Interesting New Research implicates bacteria as its cause
2. Researchers urge caution in using ear tube surgery
3. Paracetamol May Cause Live Damage Warns Consumer Education and Research Centre
4. Researchers Scale to assess the Severity of Epilepsy in Kids
5. Research of Ritalin
6. Researchers trick Alzheimers Enzyme
7. Researchers find new HIV hiding place
8. A Compilation of recent Diabetes Research articles
9. Research on causes for falling helps develop preventive strategies
10. New standards for Human Research Safety
11. Research on Celiac Disease in children
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:


(Date:6/23/2017)... ... June 23, 2017 , ... ... personal financial planning to families and business owners in North Central West Virginia, ... help provide services to differently abled residents in the region. , The Stepping ...
(Date:6/22/2017)... ... 2017 , ... Plastic Surgery Associates is proud to report that founding surgeon, ... research and information firm, Castle Connolly, releases their list of the most notable and ... 3rd time that Dr. Canales has been recognized by Castle Connolly. , ...
(Date:6/22/2017)... ... June 22, 2017 , ... ... grant from the American Heart Association (AHA) to launch a Rheumatic Heart Disease ... the prevention and diagnosis of rheumatic heart disease (RHD) in high-risk, financially disadvantaged ...
(Date:6/22/2017)... ... June 22, 2017 , ... Vighter, a premier provider ... certification for ANSI/ASIS PSC.1-2012. The company’s work in countries throughout Southwest Asia, South ... law has been degraded. The PSC.1 standard was created to protect fundamental freedoms ...
(Date:6/20/2017)... ... June 20, 2017 , ... TwelveStone Health Partners, a premier ... private equity firm, has invested $3.35 million in the company. , “We ... Capital offers the smart money, speed to market and accountability we had been ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:6/8/2017)... 2017   Responding to Heath Ledger,s father,s ... of singer Chris Cornell in May, the mental ... a free online psychiatric drug side effects ... about psychotropic drug risks. The father of ... an accidental overdose, has called for tighter rules on prescription ...
(Date:6/7/2017)... June 7, 2017  Novavax, Inc., (Nasdaq: NVAX ... Phase 2 trials of its RSV F protein recombinant nanoparticle ... age have been published in the journal Vaccine ... shared in prior scientific conferences). The Company previously announced ... Novavax is developing the RSV F Vaccine with the goal ...
(Date:6/5/2017)... June 5, 2017 Kohll,s Pharmacy & Homecare is the ... the United States . The Raizer is a simple ... person up to an almost-standing position within a ... by one assistant and does not require any ... that a child can operate it, and lightweight ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: