Navigation Links
Regular Smokers are at the Risk of Developing Depression

Researchers have given people another reason to quit smoking, by finding that regular smokers may have a higher risk of developing depression in comparison to those who never smoke.

The study also found that while smokers who have quit have an elevated risk of depressive symptoms in short run, this risk declines to the level of never smokers in the long run.

In other words, both completely smoke-free life style and successful smoking cessation in long run seem to protect from depressive symptoms.

Though it is known that depression is associated with cigarette smoking, the nature of this association is discussed under various hypotheses. The first is that those who suffer from depressive symptoms smoke cigarettes in order to alleviate their symptoms.

The second is that chronic persistent smoking may have a role in the etiology of depression. The third hypothesis suggests that there is a reciprocal mechanism between smoking and depression, and the fouth says that there are shared underlying genetic factors explaining this co-morbidity.

This study conducted in the Department of Public Health at the University of Helsinki explored, which of those assumptions would be supported by the data, when smoking behaviour and changes in it is considered as a predictor of depressive symptoms.

The researchers had access to the data collected within the Finnish Adult Twin Cohort Project. There were about 4,000 male and 5,000 female twins, whose health and health behaviour were followed-up through 15 years.

Data on smoking behaviour and changes in it between 1975 and 1981 were analyzed as a predictor of depressive symptoms measured in 1990. The analyses were adjusted for other factors known to predict depression.

Because the data consisted of twins it was possible to test the causality between smoking and depression by using twin pairs discordant for depression, where
'"/>




Page: 1 2

Related medicine news :

1. Startling Expose – Physicians Often Have No Regular Source Of Health Car
2. Regular exercise prevents hip fractures
3. Regular exercise linked to extended menstrual cycles
4. Regular Use Of Cocaine Can Impair Brain Functions
5. Experts Insist That Neonatal Herpes Be Reported Regularly
6. Regular light exercise slows down aging of the brain
7. Wounds Heal 25% Faster In Older Adults Who Exercise Regularly
8. Children Need Regular Fluoride Varnishes
9. How Healthy Is A Regular Dose Of Cod Liver Oil?
10. Women Fail to Take Calcium Pills Regularly; High Risk of Bone Fractures
11. Regular Exercise Is Essential To Keep Arteries Healthy
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
TAG: Regular Smokers are the Risk Developing Depression

(Date:9/23/2014)... understanding of how living things function comes from knowledge ... of life, the receptors that are docking stations for ... and RNA that carry genetic blueprints for building cellular ... access to these structural details, a new grant just ... the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) will fund the ...
(Date:9/23/2014)... New York, N.Y. (PRWEB) September 23, 2014 ... supplement to join the Royal Sport LTD family of ... 100 calories and 20g of pure Whey protein without ... , This ‘Ultra Clean’ protein is available on shelves ... Royal Sport LTD website—where the brand is offering a ...
(Date:9/23/2014)... (PRWEB) September 23, 2014 ADOMANI, Inc. ... serving as President and CEO. He is a 13-year veteran ... former President and CEO of A-Z Bus Sales of Colton, ... of their success, growing their top line revenues, profit and ... their gas or diesel to all-electric or plug-in hybrid ...
(Date:9/23/2014)... 2014 Airbus Helicopters Inc. (AHI) is ... as the 2014 Vision Zero Aviation Safety Award ... database, a free flight safety service the company provides ... - Air Medical Specialist for Airbus Helicopters Inc., presented ... check during the Air Medical Transport Conference Annual Community ...
(Date:9/23/2014)... special issue of the European Journal of Cancer ... research presented during the 1st EORTC Cancer Survivorship Summit ... diagnosis, targeted therapeutics, and more personalized multimodal treatments has ... to a large and rapidly increasing number of cancer ... confronted with a broad spectrum of late adverse treatment ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):Health News:New NIH/DOE grant for life science studies at NSLS-II 2Health News:New NIH/DOE grant for life science studies at NSLS-II 3Health News:Sports Nutrition Brand, Royal Sport LTD, Introduces 'Clean,' Gluten Free Protein Supplement, Royal Sport Ultra Clean 100™ 2Health News:ADOMANI Announces Jim Reynolds to Take Over as President and CEO 2Health News:Protean wins Airbus Helicopters Vision Zero Aviation Safety Award 2Health News:Protean wins Airbus Helicopters Vision Zero Aviation Safety Award 3Health News:Protean wins Airbus Helicopters Vision Zero Aviation Safety Award 4
... a significantly enhanced quality of life in old age ... less afraid of death than their less religious peers ... professor of sociology at the University of New Hampshire. ... her collaborator, Paul Wink, professor of psychology at Wellesley ...
... for chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), can be ... new study. The research, presented at CHEST 2006 ... of the American College of Chest Physicians (ACCP), ... a large proportion of subjects with significant impairment. ...
... years will soon be assessed by a new random-dot stereotest ... article published in the November 2006 // issue of Investigative ... children, 38 with various visual impairments and 18 with normal ... alone with their heads stabilized by a chin and front ...
... law which makes possession of child pornography material a federal ... is a pedophile or become one based on the child ... number of cases are going to court and attorneys are ... person has child porn on their computer," said Dr. Humberto ...
... diabetes in middle age could face more complications later in ... new study.// ,Elizabeth Selvin of the Johns Hopkins Bloomberg ... than 2,800 people aged 65 and above with diabetes who ... the online edition of health Magazine WebMD. ,The ...
... Researchers from the Autonomous University of Tamaulipas are putting teeth ... of pacifiers by babies in their first year of birth, ... alignment in complete disarray. ,Researchers are armed to ... children between the ages of 4 and 5 who were ...
Cached Medicine News:Health News:Religious Adults Have a Higher Quality of Life than Their Peers 2Health News:Large Community Spirometry Screening Proves Successful 2Health News:Does Child pornography lead to Child abuse? 2Health News:Does Child pornography lead to Child abuse? 3
(Date:9/23/2014)... Pa. , Sept. 23, 2014 The Pennsylvania ... drugs Sat., Sept. 27, as part of National Prescription ... no questions asked. Take-Back Day is a ... Enforcement Administration (DEA), aimed at encouraging the public to ... are prone to abuse and theft. From ...
(Date:9/23/2014)... , Sept. 23, 2014 Galmed Pharmaceuticals ... clinical-stage biopharmaceutical company focused on the development and ... treatment of liver diseases and cholesterol gallstones, announced ... or the FDA, approved its request for Fast ... the treatment of Non-Alcoholic Steato-Hepatitis, or NASH.  ...
(Date:9/23/2014)... -- Vesselon, Inc. today announced the appointment of Jurgen Raths, ... 2014. Dr. Raths, appointment follows Vesselon,s engagement with Spencer ... a private preferred Series A round to facilitate development ... "Jurgen,s deep experience across multiple functional areas of medical ... as we develop our device that can be compared ...
Breaking Medicine Technology:Galmed Pharmaceuticals Announces U.S. FDA Approval of Fast Track Designation of Aramchol for the Treatment of NASH 2Galmed Pharmaceuticals Announces U.S. FDA Approval of Fast Track Designation of Aramchol for the Treatment of NASH 3Vesselon Announces Jurgen Raths, MD to Serve on Board of Directors 2Vesselon Announces Jurgen Raths, MD to Serve on Board of Directors 3
... 2011 Express Scripts (Nasdaq: ESRX ), one ... announced today its intention to release its third quarter earnings ... will hold its quarterly conference call to discuss third quarter ... Time (8:30 a.m. Central Time). This call is ...
... U.S. Food and Drug Administration has issued a proposed ... classification for external pacemaker pulse generators from Class III ... http://photos.prnewswire.com/prnh/20090824/FDALOGO ) External pacemaker pulse generators are ... permanent pacemaker can be implanted. They are also used ...
Cached Medicine Technology:FDA Proposes Lower Risk Classification, Special Controls for External Pacemakers 2FDA Proposes Lower Risk Classification, Special Controls for External Pacemakers 3
... Built-in 15 mm ISO termination for ... inner cannula in place. , ,Clearly ... inner cannula system , ,The Portex® ... constructed of siliconized polyvinyl chloride, providing a ...
... 15 mm ISO termination for easy ventilator ... in place., ,D.I.C.® tubes are available ... fenestrated styles. A color-coded system allows quick ... inner cannula. , ,The Portex® line ...
Indications For Usage: ,Bypass upper airway obstructions, provide long term ventilation, support and/or manage tracheal/bronchial secretions...
Tube, tracheostomy, cuffed, size 8.0, SS, spiral reinforced PVC....
Medicine Products: