goal, it needs to be focused, targeting the high risk groups. Additionally, the prevention measures should infuse positive trends in sexual behavior, especially among the younger lot. The importance of using 'protection' during sexual encounters and also reduction in the number of sexual partners should form the core of AIDS prevention measures.
Botswana, Burundi, Kenya, Malawi, Rwanda, Tanzania and Zimbabwe have seen remarkable improvements in the HIV rates, owing to such measures. China has also recorded success with special programmes targeting sex workers that resulted in the widespread use of condoms. This also brought about a decline in the rates of sexually transmitted infections. Portugal's example of special prevention programmes, is worthy of emulation, as it resulted in the HIV rates crashing by one-third among the drug injectors.
There has been an alarming increase of HIV infection among homosexual men in Cambodia, China, India, Nepal, Pakistan, Thailand, Vietnam and many areas in Latin America. This is mainly because majority of the national AIDS programmes did not accommodate the particular needs of these people. The AIDS Epidemic Update has stressed the inadequacy of HIV surveillance in many regions including Latin America, the Caribbean, the Middle East, and North Africa, where the level of knowledge is significantly low, the reason for rise in infection rates.
It is also well known that AIDS victims have to battle the stigma and discrimination which is as difficult to combat as the disease. Nearly 50% of the countries advocate policies that are detrimental to the success of HIV-prevention and treatment programmes. To be effective, the global AIDS response should be more powerful, planned and focused, drawing upon the strengths of each of the players, to achieve the envisioned 2010 target.
It imperative to adopt a holistic approach, in the development of powerful tecPage: 1 2 3 4 Related medicine news :1
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