Navigation Links
Reduction in Nicotine Craving Predicts Ability to Quit

The stronger the reduction in nicotine craving after smoking the first cigarette in the morning, the more difficult it will be to quit smoking//, according to a Yale School of Medicine study in Drug and Alcohol Dependence.

In a study of 207 smokers, the researchers found significant reductions in craving, withdrawal and mood after smoking the first cigarette of the day. The greater the craving reduction, the more likely the smoker would relapse, said Benjamin Toll, assistant professor in the Department of Psychiatry and lead author of the study.

“This preliminary study provides evidence that there are significant changes in craving, withdrawal, and affect related to smoking the first cigarette of the day, with the largest of these changes observed for craving,” Toll said. “Moreover, changes in tobacco craving in response to the first cigarette of the day may be a novel predictor of smoking relapse that should be tested in future studies. ”

Toll said it is known that smokers who light up immediately after waking are more dependent on nicotine and may have more trouble quitting smoking than those who do not. Existing evidence also suggests that individuals who experience less light-headedness in response to the initial cigarette of the morning are generally heavier smokers with a longer smoking history.

What has not been studied extensively, he said, and what was examined in this study are changes in craving and mood in response to the first cigarette of the day and examining the relationship of these changes to treatment outcome.

The standard measures of dependence include the Fagerstr?m Test for Nicotine Dependence, which asks smokers how soon after they wake up do they smoke; do they find it difficult to refrain from smoking in places where it is forbidden; which cigarette do they most hate to give up; how many cigarettes do they smoke daily; is smoking more frequent earlier in the day after waking; and do t hey smoke when bedridden with an illness. Other measures include time to first cigarette, carbon monoxide in exhaled air, level of cotinine, a byproduct of nicotine, in the blood, daily cigarette consumption, and number of years smoking.

Co-authors include Ty Schepis, Stephanie O’Malley, Sherry McKee, and Suchitra Krishnan-Sarin of Yale. The research was supported by the National Institutes of Health.

Source-YALE University
MD/B
'"/>




Related medicine news :

1. Reduction in melanoma death rate
2. A Reduction In Calories Found To Yield More Benefits
3. Weight Reduction Surgery Also Treats Metabolic Syndrome
4. Changing Trends Regarding Insurance Cover For Weight Reduction Surgery
5. A Change In Lifestyle Can Help In Weight Reduction
6. Fat isnt all that bad: Reduction no predecessor of reduced disease
7. MP’s Ask for Reduction of VAT on Condoms, Essential Health Ite
8. Drugs plus Awareness Would Facilitate Reduction of HIV Infection
9. Heart Disease Risk Halved By Minimal Cholesterol Reduction
10. Waiting Period Of Over 10yrs For Women Needing Breast Reduction Surgery
11. After Weight Reduction People Opt For Special Plastic Surgery to Tone Their Body
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:


(Date:10/13/2017)... ... October 13, 2017 , ... Yisrayl Hawkins, Pastor and Overseer at The ... the most popular and least understood books in the Holy Scriptures, Revelation. The Book ... have baffled scholars for centuries. Many have tossed it off as mere rubbish, but ...
(Date:10/12/2017)... (PRWEB) , ... October 12, 2017 , ... ... advisory services for healthcare compliance program management, will showcase a range of technology ... Association for Assisted Living (NCAL) Convention and Expo to be held October 14–18, ...
(Date:10/12/2017)... ... ... The American College of Medical Informatics (ACMI) will present the 2017 Morris ... of AMIA’s Annual Symposium in Washington, D.C. AMIA’s Annual Symposium is taking ... in the field of medical informatics, this prestigious award is presented to an individual ...
(Date:10/12/2017)... ... ... Leading pediatric oncology experts at Children’s National Health System will join ... International Society of Paediatric Oncology (SIOP) Oct. 12-15. Chaired by Jeffrey Dome, ... at Children’s National, and Stephen P. Hunger, M.D., Chief of the Division of ...
(Date:10/12/2017)... Miramar, FL (PRWEB) , ... October 12, 2017 ... ... is presenting the latest in wound care advancements to physician colleagues, skilled nursing ... lecture is titled, "Navigating the Treacherous Waters of Wound Care." , "At many ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:10/2/2017)... The Rebound mobile app is poised to become a vital ... prescription drug addiction. The app empowers users to develop an ... their dosage in a safe, controlled manner while maximizing well-being. ... 100,000 people to sign up will enjoy 3 months of ... ...
(Date:9/27/2017)... , Sept. 27, 2017  DarioHealth Corp. (NASDAQ: DRIO), a leading global ... that its MyDario product is expected to appear on The Dr. Oz ... Dr. Oz Show airs in your area: http://www.doctoroz.com/page/where-watch-dr-oz-show ... The nine-time Emmy award-winning, The Dr. Oz Show kicked ... The segment features ...
(Date:9/22/2017)... Sept. 22, 2017  As the latest Obamacare repeal ... Bill Cassidy (R-LA) and Lindsey Graham ... the medical device industry is in an odd place. ... the 2.3% excise tax on medical device sales passed ... want covered patients, increased visits and hospital customers with ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: