Navigation Links
Reduction in Nicotine Craving Predicts Ability to Quit

The stronger the reduction in nicotine craving after smoking the first cigarette in the morning, the more difficult it will be to quit smoking//, according to a Yale School of Medicine study in Drug and Alcohol Dependence.

In a study of 207 smokers, the researchers found significant reductions in craving, withdrawal and mood after smoking the first cigarette of the day. The greater the craving reduction, the more likely the smoker would relapse, said Benjamin Toll, assistant professor in the Department of Psychiatry and lead author of the study.

“This preliminary study provides evidence that there are significant changes in craving, withdrawal, and affect related to smoking the first cigarette of the day, with the largest of these changes observed for craving,” Toll said. “Moreover, changes in tobacco craving in response to the first cigarette of the day may be a novel predictor of smoking relapse that should be tested in future studies. ”

Toll said it is known that smokers who light up immediately after waking are more dependent on nicotine and may have more trouble quitting smoking than those who do not. Existing evidence also suggests that individuals who experience less light-headedness in response to the initial cigarette of the morning are generally heavier smokers with a longer smoking history.

What has not been studied extensively, he said, and what was examined in this study are changes in craving and mood in response to the first cigarette of the day and examining the relationship of these changes to treatment outcome.

The standard measures of dependence include the Fagerstr?m Test for Nicotine Dependence, which asks smokers how soon after they wake up do they smoke; do they find it difficult to refrain from smoking in places where it is forbidden; which cigarette do they most hate to give up; how many cigarettes do they smoke daily; is smoking more frequent earlier in the day after waking; and do t hey smoke when bedridden with an illness. Other measures include time to first cigarette, carbon monoxide in exhaled air, level of cotinine, a byproduct of nicotine, in the blood, daily cigarette consumption, and number of years smoking.

Co-authors include Ty Schepis, Stephanie O’Malley, Sherry McKee, and Suchitra Krishnan-Sarin of Yale. The research was supported by the National Institutes of Health.

Source-YALE University

Related medicine news :

1. Reduction in melanoma death rate
2. A Reduction In Calories Found To Yield More Benefits
3. Weight Reduction Surgery Also Treats Metabolic Syndrome
4. Changing Trends Regarding Insurance Cover For Weight Reduction Surgery
5. A Change In Lifestyle Can Help In Weight Reduction
6. Fat isnt all that bad: Reduction no predecessor of reduced disease
7. MP’s Ask for Reduction of VAT on Condoms, Essential Health Ite
8. Drugs plus Awareness Would Facilitate Reduction of HIV Infection
9. Heart Disease Risk Halved By Minimal Cholesterol Reduction
10. Waiting Period Of Over 10yrs For Women Needing Breast Reduction Surgery
11. After Weight Reduction People Opt For Special Plastic Surgery to Tone Their Body
Post Your Comments:

(Date:10/13/2017)... , ... October 13, 2017 , ... As health professionals ... known as “patient engagement.” The patient is doing more than filling out a survey; ... , “There is an increasing emphasis in health care and research on the importance ...
(Date:10/13/2017)... ... October 13, 2017 , ... PurhealthRX , a leading Health and ... Applying the Purzorb™process to full spectrum CBD oil will revolutionize the rapidly growing CBD ... that can be easily incorporated into liquid products, while reducing costs to end users. ...
(Date:10/13/2017)... LUIS OBISPO, Calif. (PRWEB) , ... October 13, 2017 , ... ... Alzheimer’s or dementia. However, many long-term care insurance companies have a waiver for care ... is the 90-day elimination period, when the family pays for care, is often waived, ...
(Date:10/13/2017)... ... 13, 2017 , ... Yisrayl Hawkins, Pastor and Overseer at The House of ... popular and least understood books in the Holy Scriptures, Revelation. The Book of Revelation ... scholars for centuries. Many have tossed it off as mere rubbish, but Yisrayl Hawkins ...
(Date:10/13/2017)... ... ... On The Brink”: the Christian history of the United States and the loss of ... William Nowers. Captain Nowers and his wife, Millie, have six children, ten grandchildren, ... Navy. Following his career as a naval aviator and carrier pilot, he spent ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:9/18/2017)... R.I. , Sept. 18, 2017 /PRNewswire/ ... the fields of bioinformatics and immune engineering, ... a protective avian influenza A (H7N9) vaccine. ... distantly related to seasonal influenza and presents ... rely on prior exposure to be effective. ...
(Date:9/12/2017)... NEW YORK , Sept. 12, 2017   EcoVadis , ... supply chains, has published the first annual edition of its Global CSR ... than 20,400 companies evaluated by EcoVadis, based on Scorecard Ratings that analyzed ... ... & Performance Index ...
(Date:9/12/2017)... Sept. 12, 2017  ValGenesis Inc., the global ... is pleased to announce the appointment of Dr. ... its Board of Directors and Chairman of Advisory ... life science companies to manage their entire validation ... paper in this process. Furthermore, ValGenesis VLMS enables ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: