Navigation Links
Rates of HIV infection shows a sharp decline in south India

Researchers from Canada and India have reported in the online edition of Lancet, that HIV in southern India has seen a significant decline by almost one-third, since the year 2000. // This drop in the HIV rates is attributed to the increased use of protection by men visiting sex-workers.

The study monitored the HIV prevalence among 294,050 young women attending pregnancy or antenatal clinics in the Southern and Northern part of India. The basis of current HIV prevalence was compared with the HIV trends between the years 2000 and 2004, to enable a comparative study. HIV rise among 58,790 men attending sexually transmitted infection clinics during the same period was also monitored.

The outcome of the study showed that HIV-1 prevalence among women aged 15-24 years in the south dropped from 1.7% to 1.1% from 2000 to 2004, though there was no marked decline observed in women aged between 25-34 years. Among men between ages 20-29 years, frequenting STI clinics in the south, there was a marked decline of 7.6% in HIV rates. The northern part of India did not show any significant change in the HIV rates both among men and women.

The study's co-author, Professor Prabhat Jha of University of Toronto's Department of Public Health Sciences, said There have been many predictions, mostly based on guesswork that India's AIDS problem will explode - as it did in southern Africa -- but we now have direct evidence of something positive. The good news is that HIV in young adults appears to be declining in the south - most likely or perhaps only due to males using sex workers less or using condoms more often when they do. The not-so-good news is that trends in the north remain uncertain and poorly studied.

Lead author Professor Rajesh Kumar at the Postgraduate Institute of Medical Education and Research in Chandigarh, India, says, The declines in young women in the south are broad based -- for example, among urban and rural women and among e ducated or illiterate women. Moreover, declines in the south are seen also among young men who visit STI clinics and these men represent those who are likely to use sex workers. It all fits.

Paul Arora, a research fellow at the Centre for Global Health Research, says, A key implication of the study is the need to scale up highly effective prevention efforts in the north, especially in hot-spot urban and rural districts, not just for female sex workers but also for men having sex with men.


'"/>




Related medicine news :

1. Aspirin Found To Be Effective In Reducing Breast Cancer Rates
2. Air Pollution Can Even Increase Death Rates
3. Injury Rates High For Workers In Poultry Farms
4. US Kidney Failure Rates show Stabilization After 20-Year Climb
5. Decline in Paternity Rates Following Treatment for Testicular Cancer
6. Declining Rates Of Sperm Donors Over The Past 5 Years
7. Concern Over High Smoking Rates Among Young
8. Disparity In Survival Rates In US and Canadian heart Patients
9. Paid-For Sex Rates In Britain Has Increased Two Fold Over The Past 10 Years
10. The Alarming Rates Of HIV Incidence In The Rural Districts Of Orissa
11. Rising Rates of Whooping Cough in Idaho
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:


(Date:4/29/2017)... ... , ... More than half of Americans suffering from noise-induced hearing loss do ... that causes hearing loss? May 1 marks the beginning of Better Hearing & Speech ... well as schedule a hearing evaluation for anyone with concerns about his/her hearing. , ...
(Date:4/28/2017)... , ... April 28, 2017 , ... ... (The National Campaign) announces its support for the Access to Contraception for Women ... Shaheen (D-NH) and Rep. Jackie Speier (D-CA), will help to ensure that all ...
(Date:4/28/2017)... ... April 28, 2017 , ... Somnoware, a leading provider of ... which enables sleep physicians to create and edit their interpretation reports. This solution ... a familiar interface that does not require additional training to use. It also ...
(Date:4/28/2017)... ... ... affects much more than energy – it also has mental and physical benefits. According to ... time, which can increase the risk of having a car accident. , This week ... to help you sleep better and feel better:, , Turn off ...
(Date:4/28/2017)... ... April 28, 2017 , ... Ushio America proudly introduces ... an instant energy-saving solution for F32T8 fluorescent lamps on most instant-start and programmed-start ... 50,000 hour rated lamps utilize the existing electronic ballast, saving labor and maintenance ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:4/20/2017)... , April 20, 2017 Research and ... Technologies - Innovation Driven by Rapidly Expanding Injectables Market and Increasing ... their offering. ... for drug delivery technologies will rise from USD 20 Billion in ... Global Drug Delivery Technologies - Innovation Driven by Rapidly Expanding ...
(Date:4/20/2017)... , April 20, 2017 Research ... Pharmacogenomics Market Size, Market Share, Application Analysis, Regional Outlook, Growth ... report to their offering. ... The global pharmacogenomics market was valued at US$ 7,167.6 ... Mn by 2024, expanding at a CAGR of 5.6% from ...
(Date:4/19/2017)... Medical Corporation (TSX: CRH) (NYSE MKT: CRHM) (the "Company"), announces that it ... 2017 at the Sheraton Hotel in Toronto, Ontario ... the Company is scheduled to present on Tuesday, May 2 at ... Chairman of the Board, Tony Holler will also attend ... For more details ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: