Navigation Links
Radioprotective effect of Heat Shock Proteins

Radiation therapy for head and neck cancer often results in radiation-induced damage of the salivary glands. According to researchers//, targeted over-expression of heat shock protein 25 (HSP 25) could prevent this damage.

The report by Lee et al., "Radioprotective effect of HSP25 on submandibular glands of rats," is published in the November issue of The American Journal of Pathology.

Patients with head and neck cancer often receive radiation therapy as part of their treatment. However, the salivary glands, which frequently reside within the irradiation field, can become damaged at the same time. The resulting salivary dysfunction may involve dry mouth, oral infections, dental caries, and difficulty eating, some of which persist long after treatment ends, even permanently.

Dr. Yun-Sil Lee and colleagues examined whether salivary glands could be protected by heat shock proteins (HSPs), which are expressed by cells in an effort to counteract environmental stressors such as heat, hypoxia, and ionizing radiation. Using adenoviral vectors, the researchers specifically overexpressed HSP25 and HSP70i in submandibular salivary glands of rats. Rat salivary glands were then irradiated and monitored for radiation-induced changes.

In treated rats, HSP25 protected salivary gland function by maintaining gland weight, salivary flow rate, and salivary fluid composition, whereas HSP70i significantly protected only salivary flow rate. When specific damage to the glands was assessed, HSP25 and HSP70i both greatly diminished scarring, nuclear damage, and cell death (apoptosis), but HSP70i was slightly less effective. Finally, HSP25 and HSP70i preserved expression of aquaporin 5, which is important for water transport in salivary glands.

It is interesting to note that the results with HSP25 were similar to those observed with amifostine, an FDA-approved radioprotective drug. However, differences did exist: only amifostine protected all components of salivary fluid from change, but HSP25 afforded better protection from apoptosis than amifostine.

These results demonstrate the radioprotective effects of both heat shock proteins, with HSP25 providing the stronger defense. Thus, HSP25 delivery may represent a novel means of preventing the collateral damage associated with radiation therapy.

Source-Eurekalert
GYT
'"/>




Related medicine news :

1. Morning after pill effective up to five days after having unprotected sex
2. Distraction therapy found very effective in postoperative patients
3. Just spice it up!!!!! Anti bacterial effects of spices unraveled in the West
4. TELITHROMYCIN - the proven effective new drug for cap
5. Protective effects of tomatoes in prostate cancer
6. Iron supplementation for a common side effect
7. Digital mammography proves effective
8. The effect of heart rate in middle aged men
9. Treatment for pre-menstrual syndrome is ineffective
10. Toxic effects common with AIDS treatments
11. Cost-effective antibiotics for sinusitis treatment
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:


(Date:1/20/2017)... FL (PRWEB) , ... January 20, 2017 , ... Doctor ... announced it attended the January ECRM trade show to continue the marketing and distribution ... vitamin C supplement, known for providing 400 percent better absorption than traditional vitamin C ...
(Date:1/20/2017)... (PRWEB) , ... January 20, 2017 , ... Michael and ... Dana Farber Cancer Institute. For Betsy, the clinical trial has been life-saving as ... has not worsened. , Betsy Brauser was diagnosed with ovarian cancer in 2009. ...
(Date:1/20/2017)... , ... January 20, 2017 , ... “Code Word: Chocolate Biscuit”: a biographical account following ... Chocolate Biscuit” is the creation of published author, Marlyn Ivey, born in Lynn Haven, Florida ... went to school and at 19 years of age, he joined the Navy and got ...
(Date:1/20/2017)... ... ... is God’s Lighthouse”: a moving and colorful collection of prayers that reminds readers ... author, Gene Gaapf, a retired truck driver, and a long-time writer, whose published works ... school and have many different titles,” Gaapf mentions about his different works. “I am ...
(Date:1/19/2017)... , ... January 19, 2017 , ... Next week after ... be repealed by Congressional political games that circumvent health needs of over 30 million. ... capture the human anxieties and needs government public servants were suppose to prioritize. Interviews ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:1/19/2017)... , January 19, 2017 According to ... for cryotherapy is set to witness a CAGR of 6.5% during ... America will continue to be the leading market for ... ... Suppliers are emphasizing on ensuring affordable and adequate supply of gas ...
(Date:1/19/2017)... Jan. 19, 2017 ViewRay, Inc. (Nasdaq: VRAY) announced ... institution supporting research in Germany , ... treatments at the University Clinic Heidelberg as part of ... MRIdian Linac program will be headed by Medical Director ... radiation oncology at the German Cancer Research Center (DKFZ), ...
(Date:1/19/2017)... BEACH, Florida , January 19, 2017 /PRNewswire/ ... incoming Trump administration appears serious about reducing the ... advancements and innovation in the medical drug industry, ... forge ahead with new clinical trials and development ... Pharma companies forging ahead with recent developments include:  ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: