Navigation Links
Quality of Childcare Program Affects Language Development

Children in low-quality childcare have less advanced language development that progresses at a slower rate// than the language development of children in high-quality care.

This new research examines how the quality of childcare affects the development of specific language components.

Researchers collected data from three childcare sites and evaluated each on quality indicators known in the field as the “iron triangle” – the number of children per class, the teachers’ education levels and the child-to-caregiver ratio. The lowest quality site had a large class size, less teacher education and a significantly higher child-to-caregiver ratio – one caregiver per eight children; the ratios in the other sites were one to two and one to three.

“Language is a critical aspect of school readiness and pre-literacy skills,” said lead author Lynne Vernon-Feagans, the William C. Friday distinguished professor of Child and Family Studies in UNC’s School of Education and a faculty fellow at FPG. “Research shows that early vocabulary and language skills are related to later standardized reading test scores.”

In every measurement used, children in higher-quality childcare significantly outperformed those receiving the lowest quality care. And the quality made a greater difference over time, as children in higher-quality care acquired key markers more rapidly than the children in lowest quality care. This was especially true for vocabulary; children in higher-quality care used twice as many words by age 3 as those in the lowest quality care.

All of the children came from dual-earner families with economic and educational advantages that would typically put their children at lower risk for language development delays. Children were evaluated from the time they entered care, about 4 months of age, through age 3. Unlike previous studies that relied on teacher rating scales and standardized test, children were observed in their natural environment.

“These results suggest that policymakers and educators should promote smaller teacher/child ratios and teacher classes in child development to promote better language interactions between young children and their caregivers,” Vernon-Feagans said. “Parental income and education were not factors in this research. It was the quality of care that was related to children’s language development.”

Each child was videotaped at ages 18 months, 2 years and 3 years while playing in a separate room with a familiar adult. Children had 15 minutes of free play with a snack break halfway through. The snack was designed to encourage common food-related words from the child.

Researchers transcribed and analyzed the tapes for syntax and semantics. Indicators included number and types of questions asked; number and types of pronouns used; number and types of negative words used; number and types of bound morphemes (prefixes and suffixes such as –s, ing, -ed, -er, and pre-); average number of words used per utterance; and number and variety of words.

Because frequent ear infections might impact language delay, children were examined weekly by a pediatric nurse to rule out infections. All children were tested repeatedly through the three-year study. None were eliminated due to sensori-neural hearing loss and there were no effects of chronic ear infections on the basic language constructs measured in this study.


Related medicine news :

1. Quality of life after cancer
2. Steps To Improve Quality Of Plant-Based Drugs
3. Quality of lives of older people
4. Life Quality For Patients With Multiple Sclerosis
5. Relationship Between Genetic Structure And Quality of Life
6. Poorer Quality of Life Observed In Overweight Kids
7. Childhood Obesity May Influence The Their Quality Of Life
8. Indian Hospitals – A Destination For Quality Medical Care
9. The Growing Rise In Clinical Research Could Lead To A Compromise In Quality Of Research And Ethics
10. Quality Awareness In Hospitals Can Reduce Mortality Rate Of Patients
11. Data On Quality Of Health Care Can Be Easily Obtained
Post Your Comments:

(Date:11/30/2015)... , ... November 30, 2015 , ... According to Los ... people to overeat are not necessarily caused by real hunger, but instead by ... needs food. He notes that, while many patients are aware that weight loss surgery ...
(Date:11/30/2015)... ... November 30, 2015 , ... A record crowd gathered at the ... organized by the Baruch S. Blumberg Institute. , The institute, which is the research ... science and biotechnology leaders for the conference, which focused on ways companies can work ...
(Date:11/30/2015)... ... November 30, 2015 , ... A novel class of antimicrobials ... effective in fighting methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA), one of the major drug-resistant bacterial ... small molecule analogs that target the functions of SecA, a central part of ...
(Date:11/30/2015)... NJ (PRWEB) , ... November 30, 2015 , ... ... top choice for innovative, patient centered orthopedic care. Led by John Vitolo, ... your injury or chronic condition, the team at Advocare Orthopedic & Sports Medicine ...
(Date:11/30/2015)... (PRWEB) , ... November 30, 2015 , ... ... specializes in general dentistry out of Glen Ridge, NJ. He has both ... to achieve optimal mastication. He is also an expert in cosmetic dentistry. ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:11/30/2015)... 30, 2015 Diplomat Pharmacy, Inc. (NYSE: ... the Detroit Free Press as a Top Workplace , ... to work for in 2015. ... 100 winners annually, based on employee surveys rating company leadership, ... Workplaces are based solely on employee feedback. The survey is ...
(Date:11/30/2015)... , Nov. 30, 2015  IBA Molecular North America, ... distribution of radiopharmaceuticals, announced that as of January 1, ... (Zevacor Pharma). The decision to rebrand the company reflects ... as well as its close relationship with Zevacor Molecular.  ... Health and Science (IHS). Peter Burke ...
(Date:11/30/2015)... 30, 2015 Baxalta Incorporated (NYSE: ... dedicated to delivering transformative therapies to patients ... today announced the launch and first shipments ... extended circulating half-life recombinant factor VIII (rFVIII) ... ADVATE [Antihemophilic Factor (Recombinant)]. The treatment was ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: