Navigation Links
Psychosocial Factors Associated With Higher Levels of Inflammatory Markers

Psychosocial factors, such as cynical distrust, chronic stress and depression,// may be associated with higher levels of inflammatory markers measured in the blood, which in turn are related to an increased risk for cardiovascular disease, according to a report in the January 22 issue of Archives of Internal Medicine, one of the JAMA/Archives journals.

A number of studies have linked psychosocial characteristics with cardiovascular disease and death, according to background information in the article. However, the mechanisms by which they are related are unclear. “Research has highlighted the importance of inflammation in the initiation and development of atherosclerosis and in the precipitation of cardiovascular events,” the authors write. “Inflammation may be a mechanistic pathway linking psychosocial factors to cardiovascular disease.”

Nalini Ranjit, Ph.D., of the University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, and colleagues used data from the Multi-Ethnic Study of Atherosclerosis, a study of 6,814 men and women who were between the ages of 45 to 84 years (average age 62.2) when they enrolled, between 2000 and 2002. Participants filled out a questionnaire with demographic information, and several separate questionnaires that assessed the psychosocial risk factors of depression and chronic stress. Cynical distrust was measured at a follow-up visit between 2002 and 2004. Blood samples obtained at the initial examination were analyzed for IL-6, C-reactive protein and fibrinogen, all markers for inflammation.

The researchers found graded associations between all three psychosocial factors and inflammatory markers. “The strongest and most consistent associations were observed for cynical distrust, which was positively associated with all three inflammatory markers,” the authors write. “Chronic stress was positively associated with the IL-6 level and had a moderately positive association with the CRP level, whereas depression was associated o nly with the IL-6 level.”

“Associations of psychosocial factors with inflammatory markers were reduced by 20 percent to 55 percent after adjustment for behavioral factors and by 45 percent to 100 percent after adjustment for body mass index (BMI) and diabetes, mostly owing to the effect of BMI,” they continue. “No associations remained after controlling for socioeconomic position, behaviors, BMI and diabetes.”

According to the authors, this suggests that at least part of the link may be due to the mediating role of behaviors—for instance, psychosocial factors may increase the chance that an individual takes up behaviors such as smoking, which results in higher levels of inflammatory markers. Stress and psychosocial factors may contribute to obesity and related metabolic problems, thus explaining the weakening of the association after controlling for BMI and diabetes. In addition, “socioeconomic position is likely to be an antecedent to psychosocial characteristics, as well as to other factors (e.g. behaviors, BMI and diabetes) associated with inflammation,” the authors write. However, further studies are needed to determine the nature of the relationship between inflammation and these mediating factors.

Source-Nwswise
SRM
'"/>




Related medicine news :

1. Psychosocial Disability Varies In Accordance With Bipolar Symptom Changes
2. Risk Factors for vision problems in Diabetes
3. Age-Related Macular Degeneration - Risk Factors
4. Factors That Might Increase The Risk Of Schizophrenia
5. Evaluating The Risk Factors Of Osteoporosis
6. Risk Factors For Stroke Studied
7. Analyzing The Risk Factors For Diabetic Neuropathy
8. Heart Disease Risk Factors Found To Increase Risk of Dementia In Old Age
9. Environmental Factors Found To Have An Impact On The Sex of A Child
10. Environmental Factors Found To Have An Impact On The Sex of A Child
11. Prostate Cancer Test Is Influenced By Age and Nutrition Factors
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:


(Date:3/25/2017)... ... March 25, 2017 , ... Getting earned media coverage meaningful for Garden ... , All through the year, Garden Media aims to provide material helpful to clients’ ... and pitching client’s key messages to gain coveted media placements, Garden Media ...
(Date:3/24/2017)... ... March 24, 2017 , ... Infectious disease affects billions ... the United States, it’s a threat that is constantly changing and evolving. Mediaplanet's ... and offers strategies for the healthcare community to help decrease the number of ...
(Date:3/24/2017)... , ... March 24, 2017 , ... The iaedp Foundation, ... other medical professionals caring for those suffering from the full spectrum of disordered eating, ... as eating disorders professionals from nearly all 50 states and several countries converged on ...
(Date:3/24/2017)... (PRWEB) , ... March 24, 2017 , ... ... Assili, announce that they are now offering treatments for sleep apnea and TMJ ... dental offices. Sleep apnea , specifically the obstructive type, is increasingly being ...
(Date:3/24/2017)... , ... March 24, 2017 , ... ... year of enhancements, upgrading their training and leads programs. , In February, 2017, ... for elite sales agents, Performance Partners is designed to teach how to maximize ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:3/23/2017)... , Mar. 23, 2017 Research and Markets ... Market: Analysis By Procedure, Replacement Procedure By Technique, Repair Procedure By ... ... Valve Devices Market is forecasted to grow at a CAGR of ... devices is driven by rising aging population, growth in population with ...
(Date:3/23/2017)... March 23, 2017 ... created through extensive primary research (inputs from industry ... aims to present the analysis of global heart ... (Replacement and Repair); Replacement Procedure By Technique (Mechanical, ... Technique (Surgical Devices, Balloon Valvuloplasty, Transcatheter Mitral Valve ...
(Date:3/23/2017)... 23, 2017 As a result of ... the prevalence of allergic diseases, cutting edge developments ... revolutionising the ways in which pharmaceutical and biotech ... promises to be both a high quality meeting ... interest groups, immunologists, research scholars and doctors. The ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: