Navigation Links
Prostate Cancer Risk Linked To Early Estrogen Exposure

Exposure to estrogens in the early stages of the development of the prostate gland in the male fetus is a factor cited by the scientists for the development of the prostate cancer at the later part of life. //

The study, done in an animal model, also demonstrates how the predisposition may arise, and a way to identify those at risk.

Man-made compounds that can mimic the hormone action of estrogens (xenoestrogens) are widespread in the environment. One of these agents is bisphenol A (BPA), used in the manufacture of plastics and epoxy resins. The United States alone produces over 1.6 million pounds of BPA annually. BPA, which can also leach from plastics when heated, turns up in human blood and in placental and fetal tissues in even higher concentrations.

In this study, a research team led by Dr. Gail Prins of the University of Illinois at Chicago and Dr. Shuk-Mei Ho of the University of Cincinnati exposed rats to low doses of estradiol, a natural estrogen, or to BPA during the developmental period corresponding to the second and third trimester of human pregnancy. They found that this early exposure predisposed male rats to precancerous lesions of the prostate in old age.

Most remarkably, early BPA exposure sensitized the prostate to precancerous lesions brought on by exposure of the adult animal to elevated estradiol, said Prins, professor of urology at UIC and senior author of the study. "This is highly relevant to people, because relative estradiol levels increase in aging men as a result of their increased body fat and declining testosterone levels.

The doses of estradiol and BPA used in the study were similar to levels found in human serum; in the circulation of some pregnant women; and in the fetus. Transfer of BPA from mother to fetus has been reported, and levels in male fetuses have been shown to be higher than those of female fetuses.

The researchers were able to demonstrate that early estrogen or BPA exposure permanently changed the methylation, or tagging, of specific stretches of DNA in the neonate's prostate cells, a phenomenon referred to as epigenetic reprogramming. In epigenetic reprogramming, gene expression is altered without changing DNA sequences or content. Several of the epigenetically altered sites turned out to be in important genes that regulate cellular functions.

The researchers conclude that exposure to environmental estrogens, such as BPA, or natural estrogens affect the pattern of gene expression in the prostate during development, and in so doing promote prostate disease with aging.

One of the altered genes, phosphodiesterase 4 (PDE4D4), was examined in greater detail. The researchers found that the methylation of PDE4D4 can permanently change its pattern of expression in the prostate. This gene should normally shut down in adult life, but after early exposure to estradiol or BPA, the exposed animals' prostates continued to express it at high levels. Similar high levels due to methylation of the gene were found in prostate cancer cells but not in normal cell lines.

Because the methylation marks of epigenetic reprogramming were found before any disease was observed, the methylation may be useful as a way to identify men at higher prostate disease risk, Prins said, which may have resulted from early exposure to endocrine disruptors.

These findings are true for an animal model, and application to human prostate disease will await future studies, the authors concluded. Ho is first author of the study and professor and chairman of environmental health at the University of Cincinnati.

(Source: Newswise)
'"/>




Related medicine news :

1. Cancer Doctors Okays Controversial Prostate Therapy
2. Radioactive Seeds used in Prostate Cancer treatment can migrate with the body
3. New Prostate Cancer Vaccine Shows Promise
4. Hormone Therapy applicable for Prostate Cancer
5. Prostate cancer and Vitamins
6. Response to chemotherapy could be measured by Prostate-Specific Antigen Doubling Time
7. Early Detection Of Prostate Cancer
8. Awareness increase Prostate cancer detection
9. Better Prostate Cancer Test
10. Stopping Prostate Cancer from Spreading
11. Drug might prevent Prostate Cancer Spread
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:


(Date:10/13/2017)... BASKING RIDGE, N.J. (PRWEB) , ... October 13, 2017 , ... ... second annual Holly Day Market. Featuring a collection of specialty vendors and unique items ... myriad of personalized and quality-focused health and wellness services offered by the VNA. ...
(Date:10/13/2017)... ... , ... Yisrayl Hawkins, Pastor and Overseer at The House of Yahweh, has ... least understood books in the Holy Scriptures, Revelation. The Book of Revelation paints a ... centuries. Many have tossed it off as mere rubbish, but Yisrayl Hawkins says that ...
(Date:10/13/2017)... ... ... Journey: From the Mountains to the Mission Field”: the story of a missionary couple ... From the Mountains to the Mission Field” is the creation of published author, Carole ... and currently teaches a class of ladies at her church, which she has taught ...
(Date:10/12/2017)... ... October 12, 2017 , ... CitiDent and ... apnea using cutting-edge Oventus O2Vent technology. As many as 18 million Americans ... frequent cessation in breathing. Oral appliances can offer significant relief to about 75 ...
(Date:10/12/2017)... ... ... IsoComforter, Inc. ( https://isocomforter.com ), one of the Nation’s premier ... of the shoulder pad. The shoulder pad provides optimal support and full contact ... using cold therapy. By utilizing ice and water that is circulated from an insulated ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:10/12/2017)... AVACEN Medical , Inc. (AVACEN) announced that ... New Product Innovation Award for Its fibromyalgia pain management ... medical device market research by Frost & Sullivan,s industry experts. ... pain relief product, the AVACEN 100, offers a safe and ... pain. ...
(Date:10/11/2017)... 2017  BioPharmX Corporation (NYSE MKT: BPMX) researchers were ... innovative way to use nonlinear optical imaging to confirm ... drugs. A ... show how researchers from BioPharmX and the Wellman Center ... a suite of imaging techniques in what is called ...
(Date:10/11/2017)... Oct. 11, 2017  Hill-Rom Holdings, Inc. ("Hill-Rom") (NYSE: ... facility in Las Piedras, Puerto Rico ... blades. Following ... facility sustained minor structural damage, temporary loss of power ... have been completed, manufacturing operations have resumed, and the ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: