Navigation Links
'Prevention, Cultural Changes Must Lead AIDS Battle'

Treating the millions of sufferers of HIV and AIDS may be the subject of science and medicine, but preventing the spread of this deadly disease// cannot be done without changing the cultural norms that drive it.

That was the message during a "stock-taking" discussion by the World Bank and US-based Family Health International (FHI) leaders that sought to emphasise the benefits and cost effectiveness of prevention techniques such as contraception. "We are not giving prevention a chance," said Debrework Zewdie, director of the World Bank's global HIV/AIDS programme, at a news conference in Washington Thursday. Zewdie characterised the choice as "pay now for prevention or pay more later for treatment".

An average of between four and five million people worldwide are newly infected with HIV every year, and the epidemic now afflicts 39.5 million people, recent statistics showed. Anti-retroviral drugs have allowed many AIDS patients to live longer and fuller lives than ever before, yet for every patient treated with antiretroviral annually, almost three more are contracting the disease.

"Do the math - we are losing the HIV war," said Ward Cates, president of research at FHI, a US-based non-profit organisation that focuses on public health in the developing world. There is no one solution to the AIDS epidemic, but Cates argues that greater focus should be placed on sexual health and the benefits of preventing unwanted pregnancies in combating the disease.

Each day, 1,500 children worldwide become infected with HIV, the vast majority of them newborns. In Sub-Saharan Africa, which accounts for two-thirds of all AIDS sufferers, FHI estimates that contraception is already preventing about 170,000 unwanted pregnancies annually that would have resulted in HIV-positive infants. The group says that number could be doubled if all women who did not want to become pregnant got the help and tools they needed.
On a scale of increasing importance from one to 10, Cates rated the importance of science in the struggle at about three. He put a seven next to the impact of cultural norms, political will, community standards, and what he calls "the general determinants of health". But changing cultural norms is difficult, because each society has different norms that affect their view of prevention techniques - whether it's using condoms or reducing the number of sexual partners.

"What we are trying to do is meet them where they are in terms of their personal norms or their societal norms," said Cates. "We need multiple, reinforcing messages that slowly but surely will...add up to measurable population changes." It's a slow process, but so is progress on medical solutions such as AIDS vaccines. Scientists working in that field don't expect an effective vaccine for another 10 years. The UN has set a goal of 2015 for halting the spread of AIDS and reversing its course. The biggest challenge will be ensuring that "complacency" doesn't set in among governments that have begun to take action, the World Bank's Zewdie said.



Source-IANS
'"/>




Related medicine news :

1. Culturally Specific Diabetes Management Helps Low-Income Patients
2. GlaxoSmithKline - Changes Lamictal(R) Label Appearance and Packaging
3. Changes in cabin pressure pose risks for moms-to-be
4. Dietary Changes Could Reduce The Risk for Stroke
5. Link Between High Blood Sugar And Behavioral Changes
6. Specific Changes In A Particular Gene Found To Increase The Risk of Alzheimer’s Diseas
7. Ultrasounds To Detect Changes In Heart Motions
8. Changes In Brain Structure From Methamphetamine Abuse And HIV Infection
9. Age Can Changes Symptoms Of Sinusitis
10. New Research To Study Brain Changes In Premature Births
11. MRI Shows Emotional Changes During Menstrual Cycle
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:


(Date:5/27/2016)... ... 2016 , ... W.S. Badger Co. Inc ., the maker of certified ... as one of the best small businesses for new dads by Fatherly, the digital ... businesses providing progressive benefits to new parents on the organization’s 2016 Best Places ...
(Date:5/27/2016)... ... May 27, 2016 , ... An educational campaign aimed at ... stories, courtesy of awareness-driven celebrities and thought leaders. It also provides insight to ... industry leaders such as Bioness. , As patients feel increasingly concerned about ...
(Date:5/27/2016)... ... 27, 2016 , ... Aimed at nurses and employees in the health care ... leaders in the nursing and health care industry. It also provides insight to the ... University. , As the nursing industry is coming out of one of the ...
(Date:5/26/2016)... ... , ... There are many ways to cook a hot dog, but new ... prefer their dogs straight off the grill. Of the 90 percent of Americans who ... cook a hot dog, far outpacing other cooking methods such as steaming (12 percent), ...
(Date:5/26/2016)... ... May 26, 2016 , ... ... property (IP) to its specialty academic programs. , Answering to the increasing demand ... certificate programs in health law, and environmental and land use law. ,  , ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:5/25/2016)... , May 25, 2016 MedDay, a ... announces that an oral presentation entitled "High doses of biotin ... trial" will be given by Professor Ayman Tourbah , ... Congress of the European Academy of Neurology (EAN) in ... related disorders 3" will take place on Sunday, 29 May ...
(Date:5/24/2016)... , May 24, 2016 ... beide primären Endpunkte und ... Überlegenheit in ‚ausgezeichneter plus guter ... Colons    ,      (Logo: ... gab heute neue positive Daten von der MORA-Studie ...
(Date:5/24/2016)... Celsion Corporation (NASDAQ: CLSN ... an update on its ongoing OVATION study, a ... the Company,s DNA-based immunotherapy, with the standard of ... advanced ovarian cancer who will undergo neoadjuvant chemotherapy ... IL-12 DNA plasmid vector formulated as a nanoparticle ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: