Navigation Links
'Prevention, Cultural Changes Must Lead AIDS Battle'

Treating the millions of sufferers of HIV and AIDS may be the subject of science and medicine, but preventing the spread of this deadly disease// cannot be done without changing the cultural norms that drive it.

That was the message during a "stock-taking" discussion by the World Bank and US-based Family Health International (FHI) leaders that sought to emphasise the benefits and cost effectiveness of prevention techniques such as contraception. "We are not giving prevention a chance," said Debrework Zewdie, director of the World Bank's global HIV/AIDS programme, at a news conference in Washington Thursday. Zewdie characterised the choice as "pay now for prevention or pay more later for treatment".

An average of between four and five million people worldwide are newly infected with HIV every year, and the epidemic now afflicts 39.5 million people, recent statistics showed. Anti-retroviral drugs have allowed many AIDS patients to live longer and fuller lives than ever before, yet for every patient treated with antiretroviral annually, almost three more are contracting the disease.

"Do the math - we are losing the HIV war," said Ward Cates, president of research at FHI, a US-based non-profit organisation that focuses on public health in the developing world. There is no one solution to the AIDS epidemic, but Cates argues that greater focus should be placed on sexual health and the benefits of preventing unwanted pregnancies in combating the disease.

Each day, 1,500 children worldwide become infected with HIV, the vast majority of them newborns. In Sub-Saharan Africa, which accounts for two-thirds of all AIDS sufferers, FHI estimates that contraception is already preventing about 170,000 unwanted pregnancies annually that would have resulted in HIV-positive infants. The group says that number could be doubled if all women who did not want to become pregnant got the help and tools they needed.
On a scale of increasing importance from one to 10, Cates rated the importance of science in the struggle at about three. He put a seven next to the impact of cultural norms, political will, community standards, and what he calls "the general determinants of health". But changing cultural norms is difficult, because each society has different norms that affect their view of prevention techniques - whether it's using condoms or reducing the number of sexual partners.

"What we are trying to do is meet them where they are in terms of their personal norms or their societal norms," said Cates. "We need multiple, reinforcing messages that slowly but surely will...add up to measurable population changes." It's a slow process, but so is progress on medical solutions such as AIDS vaccines. Scientists working in that field don't expect an effective vaccine for another 10 years. The UN has set a goal of 2015 for halting the spread of AIDS and reversing its course. The biggest challenge will be ensuring that "complacency" doesn't set in among governments that have begun to take action, the World Bank's Zewdie said.



Source-IANS
'"/>




Related medicine news :

1. Culturally Specific Diabetes Management Helps Low-Income Patients
2. GlaxoSmithKline - Changes Lamictal(R) Label Appearance and Packaging
3. Changes in cabin pressure pose risks for moms-to-be
4. Dietary Changes Could Reduce The Risk for Stroke
5. Link Between High Blood Sugar And Behavioral Changes
6. Specific Changes In A Particular Gene Found To Increase The Risk of Alzheimer’s Diseas
7. Ultrasounds To Detect Changes In Heart Motions
8. Changes In Brain Structure From Methamphetamine Abuse And HIV Infection
9. Age Can Changes Symptoms Of Sinusitis
10. New Research To Study Brain Changes In Premature Births
11. MRI Shows Emotional Changes During Menstrual Cycle
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:


(Date:4/30/2016)... Cambridge, MA (PRWEB) , ... April 30, 2016 ... ... non-profit organization, today announced RANKED Health , a program to critically evaluate ... A major goal of the program is to provide independent, unbiased and accurate ...
(Date:4/30/2016)... ... 30, 2016 , ... Orlando-based Maximized Living has selected Dr. Nick Wilson of ... Under the care of Maximized Living doctors at the London Olympics in 2012, ... Living is sending the largest contingent of elite chiropractors to Rio to support and ...
(Date:4/29/2016)... ... April 29, 2016 , ... Memorial ... for Graduate Medical Education (ACGME) that it has received accreditation for its residency ... of three residency programs that Memorial is currently pursuing, including Pediatrics and Internal ...
(Date:4/29/2016)... ... April 29, 2016 , ... Dr. ... of best seller "LOVE, MEDICINE and MIRACLES") addresses touchy topics related to Death ... podcasted thereafter . Dr. Bernie Siegel, author of a plethora of essential ...
(Date:4/29/2016)... ... April 29, 2016 , ... Spine Team Texas, a comprehensive spine physician ... one of their physicians has been invited to be a featured speaker at the ... Review conference on April 30, 2016. , Dr. R. Scott McPherson, a physical ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:4/27/2016)... 2016   Zillion Group today announced ... platform, which specializes in live video consultation. Turning ... products, Zillion enables companies to realize the true ... take control of their health. ... including one-to-one, group and webcast scheduled or on-demand ...
(Date:4/27/2016)... DUBLIN , April 27, 2016 /PRNewswire/ ... the addition of the  "Global Anesthesia Disposables ... (Logo: http://photos.prnewswire.com/prnh/20160330/349511LOGO ) ,The global ... at a CAGR of 4.03% during the ... are a major threat to patients, safety. ...
(Date:4/27/2016)... 2016 At the Sachs CEO ... a Phase 2 clinical study of its lead drug ... cochlear implantation (CI) surgery. This large, placebo-controlled, double-blind, phase ... Germany and France . ... the time of surgery. "Despite advances in cochlear implant ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: