Navigation Links
Pre-kindergarten TB Testing Costs High

According to a new study by researchers at the University of California, San Francisco the health care system in California could save nearly 1.3 million dollar a year with few adverse public health effects if it discontinued universal tuberculosis skin testing of children entering kindergarten.

Over a 20-year period, the study projects that only two additional cases of tuberculosis would result from screening the pre-kindergarten group.

Valerie Flaherman, MD, MPH, research fellow in the UCSF Department of Pediatrics, is principal author of the report, which appears in the July issue of Pediatrics, the journal of the American Academy of Pediatrics.

Pre-kindergarten screening is not a cost-effective way to spend our health care dollars, Flaherman said. You need about 7 percent of the children who are being screened to test positive in order for pre-kindergarten screening to be cost-effective. That may have been the case in the past, but now often less than 1 percent test positive.

Tuberculosis remains a persistent health threat in California, with over 2,800 cases reported in the state in 2006. California has more cases of tuberculosis in young children than any other state.

The savings from eliminating universal tuberculosis skin testing of youngsters could be redirected toward more cost-effective methods of stopping the spread of the disease, according to Flaherman. Instead, finding and treating adults with tuberculosis would be a better approach to stopping the spread of the disease to children, she said.

The tuberculosis skin test, also known as the tuberculin or PPD test, is used to determine whether someone has been infected by breathing in the germs from a person with active TB. People with latent TB infection have no symptoms and usually have a positive tuberculin skin test. They cannot spread TB to others, but need treatment to prevent them from developing active TB in the futu re.

By contrast, people with active TB are usually sick with symptoms that can include a cough of more than three weeks duration, coughing up blood, fever, chills, night sweats, weight loss and fatigue. They need treatment that stops them from spreading TB to others.

The study, titled "Cost-effectiveness of Alternative Strategies for Tuberculosis Screening before Kindergarten," was conducted using a computer-based decision analysis model that calculated costs and benefits of routine, or universal, TB screening, targeted screening according to risk factors, and no screening at all.

Flahermans research team found that the use of targeted testing instead of routine testing would save California $1.27 million savings per year.This study provides tools that health officials can use to tailor TB screening decisions to the particular circumstances of their communities, said Flaherman.


'"/>




Related medicine news :

1. First Vaccine Designed for Africa Cleared for Testing in Humans
2. Laboratory Testing Can Identify Risk of Pre-Term Labor and Delivery
3. Testing for blood sugar levels made easier
4. DNA Testing For More Accurate Results
5. SARS vaccine shows promise in Animal Testing
6. Testing Of Saliva May Predict Dental Caries
7. Diagnosing Sleep Apnea By Overnight Sleep Testing Method
8. Testing genes for disease does not cause harm to children of people with Alzheimers
9. Testing Your Health & Charging Your Mobile At One Go - Check Out The Urine Powered Batteries
10. Testing For HIV/AIDS Compulsory For New Military Recruits
11. Japanese And Chinese Pharmaceutical Companies Join Together In Drug Testing
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:


(Date:10/13/2017)... , ... October 13, 2017 , ... ... and Agile Software Development, has been awarded a contract by the Center for ... Agreement (BPA) aims to accelerate the enterprise use of Agile methodologies in a ...
(Date:10/13/2017)... (PRWEB) , ... October 13, 2017 , ... “America On ... Christian identity. “America On The Brink” is the creation of published author, William ... several great-grandchildren. As a WWII veteran, he spent thirty years in the Navy. ...
(Date:10/12/2017)... ... October 12, 2017 , ... CitiDent and San Francisco dentists, ... cutting-edge Oventus O2Vent technology. As many as 18 million Americans are estimated to ... breathing. Oral appliances can offer significant relief to about 75 percent of people ...
(Date:10/12/2017)... ... October 12, 2017 , ... The company has developed ... consumer and regulatory authorities worldwide. From Children’s to Adults 50+, every formula has ... highest standard. , These products are also: Gluten Free, Non-GMO, Vegan, Soy ...
(Date:10/12/2017)... Bethesda, MD (PRWEB) , ... October 12, 2017 , ... ... Award of Excellence to Carol Friedman, PhD, FACMI, during the Opening Session of AMIA’s ... 4 – 8. , In honor of Morris F. Collen, a pioneer in the ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:10/7/2017)... Oct. 6, 2017   Provista, a proven ... $100 billion in purchasing power, today announced a new ... The Newsroom is the online home for ... infographics, expert bios, news releases, slideshows and events. ... a wealth of resources at their fingertips, viewers can ...
(Date:10/4/2017)... 2017  According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), ... PhysicianOne Urgent Care is helping communities across Massachusetts , ... by offering no-cost* flu shots through the end of the month. ... insurance regulations. ... get a flu shot is by the end of October, according to ...
(Date:10/2/2017)... INDIANAPOLIS , Oct. 2, 2017  Eli Lilly ... its financial results for the third quarter of 2017 ... a conference call on that day with the investment ... performance. The conference call will begin at ... public can access a live webcast of the conference ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: