Navigation Links
Outcomes of Surgically Implanted Hearing Aids

A report in the January issue of Archives of Otolaryngology–Head & Neck Surgery, one of the JAMA/Archives journals, shows, outcomes following surgically implanted hearing aids // that are anchored to bone appear comparable for children younger than 5 years and those older than 5 years.

Early and consistent stimulation of the part of the inner ear known as the cochlea is critical to a child's development of speech and language. Bone-anchored hearing aids, structures that are surgically attached to the skull's temporal bone, treat hearing loss by directly stimulating the cochlea and conducting sound through the bone.

Medical literature suggests that the optimal age for implanting these hearing aids is 2 to 4 years, but this is not common practice. For example, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration has approved the devices for use in only children older than 5 years.

Taryn Davids, M.D., and colleagues at The Hospital for Sick Children, Toronto, reviewed surgical data from children receiving bone-anchored hearing aids over a 10-year period between 1996 and 2006.

Twenty children 5 years or younger (average age 3.21) constituted the study group and were compared with 20 older children (average age 7.63). The devices were implanted using a one- or two-stage procedure, depending on the thickness of the child's bone. In the two-stage procedure, the hearing aid's titanium fixture was implanted first and the rest of the device installed later.

Hearing tests were performed on all the children before and after implantation, and physicians assessed the stability of the implant and condition of the skin at the surgical site at each follow-up visit (which occurred one week after stage 2 of the implant, every three months for nine months afterward, and then every two years).

All of the younger children and 18 of the older children underwent a two-stage procedure. The average interval between the first and seco nd stages was significantly longer in younger children (7.72 months vs. 4.41 months). Two of the younger children and four of the older children experienced traumatic fixture loss, meaning the components loosened or detached from the skull and required general anesthesia to repair. Three of the younger children required skin site revision, additional surgery due to poor hygiene or inadequate care at the surgical site. All of the children continue to wear their bone-anchored hearing aids, and all experienced hearing improvement.

'In conclusion, two-stage bone-anchored hearing aid implantation yields surgical success in younger children that is comparable in audiologic outcomes and traumatic device failures and/or revisions with that achieved in older children when there is an appropriate (i.e., lengthened) delay between surgical stages to allow for osseointegration,' or fusion to the bone, the authors write.

'Earlier implantation of bone-anchored hearing aids allows the younger children who receive them to benefit from earlier speech and language habilitation,' they conclude.



Source-Eurekalert
SRI
'"/>




Related medicine news :

1. Enhanced Gene Therapy Outcomes Following Latest Revolution And Refinement
2. Testicular Cancer Patients Have Improved Reproductive Outcomes After Treatment
3. PET Scans Could Predict Treatment Outcomes In Cancer
4. Prostate Cancer Outcomes Determined By Socioeconomic Status
5. Shared Care Results In Better Breast Cancer Outcomes
6. Mayo Clinic Researchers Find Two New Genes Predict Breast Cancer Outcomes
7. Transparency in Probable Outcomes of Cosmetic Surgeries Necessary
8. Bladder Cancer Has Worse Outcomes In Blacks
9. Opioids Linked to Worse Outcomes After Back Injury
10. Long-Term Outcomes for Prostate Cancer Show IMRT Curative
11. Psychological Treatments Improve Outcomes for Back Pain Sufferers
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:


(Date:5/28/2016)... ... 2016 , ... After a year and a half of planning the Multiple Pathways of ... Multiple Pathways of Recovery Conference was held May 2 -4, 2016 at the Mystic ... came together to explore the many pathways individuals use to get into and sustain their ...
(Date:5/27/2016)... ... May 27, 2016 , ... Two director-level employees of Horizon Blue Cross Blue ... Industry (TWIN) 2016 honorees. The award recognizes businesswomen who excel in their fields ... Director of the MLTSS (Managed Long-Term Services and Supports) Program at Horizon NJ Health ...
(Date:5/27/2016)... ... , ... This campaign aims to provide a path to improved education and ... and change. , As nearly 795,000 Americans suffering from a new or recurrent stoke ... with an estimated 129,000 of these people dying from stroke, it’s become our nation’s ...
(Date:5/27/2016)... ... 27, 2016 , ... Aimed at nurses and employees in ... courtesy of leaders in the nursing and health care industry. It also provides ... and associations—namely Jones & Bartlett Learning. , Jones & Bartlett Learning is adding ...
(Date:5/26/2016)... ... ... Despite last week’s media reports hinting at a June rate hike after the ... for an interest rate increase, according to Rajeev Dhawan of the Economic Forecasting Center ... Market Committee (FOMC) dot charts are of interest to the press for their noise ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:5/27/2016)... PUNE, India , May 27, 2016 ... in the instances of hypertension is driving ambulatory blood ... muscles lose their elasticity and their ability to respond ... blood pressure. This condition can lead to various cardiovascular ... and peripheral vascular disease. These diseases are growing in ...
(Date:5/26/2016)... , May 26, 2016 According ... "Medical Waste Management Market - U.S. Industry Analysis, Size, Share, ... management market in the U.S. was valued at US$ 5.89 ... CAGR of 3.4% from 2015 to 2023 to reach US$ ... analysis of current and emerging needle free drug delivery devices ...
(Date:5/25/2016)... May 25,2016 FDA 510(k) ... Cellvizio platform for urological and surgical applications ... inventor of Cellvizio®, the multidisciplinary confocal laser endomicroscopy ... in the US with the 12 th ... Administration (FDA). This new FDA clearance covers Confocal ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: