Navigation Links
Newborns Know how to make eye contact

According to a recent study, infants as young as even 3 days old can tell whether someone is trying to make eye contact. Teresa Farroni, study's lead author, doubts that humans have evolved to be sensitive to direct gaze very early in life as a survival necessity. Farroni is a researcher with the Centre for Brain and Cognitive Development in the School of Psychology at Birkbeck College, University of London.//

Farroni, felt that newborns are not able to move, so they need to orient in the direction of faces that care for them--people who can feed and protect them. As they grow up, a face with the averted gaze starts to be considered to be a signal of alarm that tells us something is happening where the other person is looking.

Farroni and her colleagues studied 17 healthy newborn infants who were between 2 and 5 days old. For the study, each infant was seated on a researcher's lap in front of a video screen. Two photographs of a woman were projected side-by-side on the screen: one with her gaze directly pointed at the infant and one with her gaze averted.

Researchers initially caught the infants' attention by turning on a tiny blinking light in the center of the screen. Once the infant focused on the screen, the light was turned off. Farroni and her colleagues videotaped the infants' eyes as they showed them the two photographs.

The babies looked more often toward, and longer at, the images of faces looking directly at them than those with averted eyes, the researchers report in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences Early Edition. In a second experiment, the researchers fixed electrodes on the scalps of 12 four-month-olds. They then repeated the first experiment with the two photographs, and recorded the babies' brain activity during the test.

When looking at the face that appeared to be gazing directly at them, the infants had more of a certain component of brain electrical activity, known as N1 70, compared to when they were looking at the face with averted eyes.

This component of brain activity has been shown to be sensitive to face stimuli in previous studies. The new research shows that some of the building blocks of social development are hardwired into us, Farroni said. Early sensitivity to the gaze of others facilitates social development, she added.

Farroni and her colleagues believe that the new study could help scientists figure out what goes wrong in children with autism. According to him, individuals with autism have difficulties with many forms of social communication, and their gaze processing is impaired at various levels, such as eye contact, gaze following, joint attention and understanding gaze.


'"/>




Related medicine news :

1. Screening Newborns Questioned
2. Cooling Can Reduce The Risk Of Brain Damage In Oxygen Deprived Newborns
3. New Portable Helmet Scanner To Examine Newborns
4. Newborns Affected By Antidepressant Intake Of Mothers
5. Use Of Alcohol During Pregnancy Affects Newborns
6. Exposure To Solvents May Harm Pregnant Women And Newborns
7. Pre-gestational Diabetes in Mothers enhances the Risk of Hypocalcaemia in Newborns
8. Newborns Cerebral Palsy Risk Increased By Alzheimers Gene
9. Newborns With Respiratory Distress Potentially Have Rare Genetic Disease
10. Harmful Effects Of Glucocorticoids On Newborns Owing To Prenatal Exposure
11. PFOA and PFOS Detected in Newborns
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:


(Date:6/27/2016)... ... June 27, 2016 , ... A revolution is ... emergency ambulance transport experience for the millions of people who require these medical ... the taxi industry through the use of technology. Now, SmartEMS has put forth ...
(Date:6/26/2016)... ... 26, 2016 , ... PawPaws brand pet supplements owned by Whole ... enhance the health of felines. The formula is all-natural and is made from Chinese ... PawPaws Cat Kidney Support Supplement Soft Chews are Astragalus Root Extract and ...
(Date:6/25/2016)... ... ... Bruton Memorial Library on June 21 due to a possible lice infestation, as reported by ... lice: the parasite’s ability to live away from a human host, and to infest common ... the event that lice have simply gotten out of control. , As lice are a ...
(Date:6/25/2016)... ... ... On Friday, June 10, Van Mitchell, Secretary of the Maryland Department of ... recognition of their exemplary accomplishments in worksite health promotion. , The Wellness at Work ... Symposium at the BWI Marriott in Linthicum Heights. iHire was one of 42 businesses ...
(Date:6/24/2016)... CA (PRWEB) , ... June 24, 2016 , ... Marcy was in a crisis. Her ... would lash out at his family verbally and physically. , “When something upset him, he ... he would use it. He would throw rocks at my other children and say he ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:6/23/2016)... -- MedSource announced today that it has selected Datatrial,s ... choice.  This latest decision demonstrates MedSource,s commitment to ... by offering a state-of-the-art electronic data capture (EDC) ... the EDC platform of choice in exchange for ... long been a preferred EDC platform by our ...
(Date:6/23/2016)... Research and Markets has announced the addition ... Chemical (Sugar, Petrochemical, Glycerin), Inorganic Chemical), Functionality (Filler, Binder, ... Forecast to 2021" report to their offering. ... excipients market is projected to reach USD 8.1 Billion ... forecast period 2016 to 2021. The ...
(Date:6/23/2016)... June 23, 2016 Research and Markets ... Medical Market Analysis 2016 - Forecast to 2022" report ... The report contains up to date financial data derived from ... of major trends with potential impact on the market during ... market segmentation which comprises of sub markets, regional and country ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: