Navigation Links
Newborns Know how to make eye contact

According to a recent study, infants as young as even 3 days old can tell whether someone is trying to make eye contact. Teresa Farroni, study's lead author, doubts that humans have evolved to be sensitive to direct gaze very early in life as a survival necessity. Farroni is a researcher with the Centre for Brain and Cognitive Development in the School of Psychology at Birkbeck College, University of London.//

Farroni, felt that newborns are not able to move, so they need to orient in the direction of faces that care for them--people who can feed and protect them. As they grow up, a face with the averted gaze starts to be considered to be a signal of alarm that tells us something is happening where the other person is looking.

Farroni and her colleagues studied 17 healthy newborn infants who were between 2 and 5 days old. For the study, each infant was seated on a researcher's lap in front of a video screen. Two photographs of a woman were projected side-by-side on the screen: one with her gaze directly pointed at the infant and one with her gaze averted.

Researchers initially caught the infants' attention by turning on a tiny blinking light in the center of the screen. Once the infant focused on the screen, the light was turned off. Farroni and her colleagues videotaped the infants' eyes as they showed them the two photographs.

The babies looked more often toward, and longer at, the images of faces looking directly at them than those with averted eyes, the researchers report in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences Early Edition. In a second experiment, the researchers fixed electrodes on the scalps of 12 four-month-olds. They then repeated the first experiment with the two photographs, and recorded the babies' brain activity during the test.

When looking at the face that appeared to be gazing directly at them, the infants had more of a certain component of brain electrical activity, known as N1 70, compared to when they were looking at the face with averted eyes.

This component of brain activity has been shown to be sensitive to face stimuli in previous studies. The new research shows that some of the building blocks of social development are hardwired into us, Farroni said. Early sensitivity to the gaze of others facilitates social development, she added.

Farroni and her colleagues believe that the new study could help scientists figure out what goes wrong in children with autism. According to him, individuals with autism have difficulties with many forms of social communication, and their gaze processing is impaired at various levels, such as eye contact, gaze following, joint attention and understanding gaze.


'"/>




Related medicine news :

1. Screening Newborns Questioned
2. Cooling Can Reduce The Risk Of Brain Damage In Oxygen Deprived Newborns
3. New Portable Helmet Scanner To Examine Newborns
4. Newborns Affected By Antidepressant Intake Of Mothers
5. Use Of Alcohol During Pregnancy Affects Newborns
6. Exposure To Solvents May Harm Pregnant Women And Newborns
7. Pre-gestational Diabetes in Mothers enhances the Risk of Hypocalcaemia in Newborns
8. Newborns Cerebral Palsy Risk Increased By Alzheimers Gene
9. Newborns With Respiratory Distress Potentially Have Rare Genetic Disease
10. Harmful Effects Of Glucocorticoids On Newborns Owing To Prenatal Exposure
11. PFOA and PFOS Detected in Newborns
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:


(Date:6/23/2017)... ... June 24, 2017 , ... Studies show evidence that ... the risk of visual loss in these patients. , But how often do ophthalmologists ... smoking cessation to patients at risk of or with early symptoms of AMD? A ...
(Date:6/23/2017)... (PRWEB) , ... June 23, 2017 , ... ... plastic surgeon practicing in Newburgh, New York, has recently begun offering three new ... to offering the best cutting-edge procedures and reducing downtime, Dr. Rubinstein is excited ...
(Date:6/23/2017)... ... June 23, 2017 , ... Everybody has their own personal preference ... to read it, and some people don't like it at all. FindaTopDoc took a ... found: , Erotic literature can give readers a taste of their deepest, darkest fantasies ...
(Date:6/23/2017)... (PRWEB) , ... June 23, 2017 , ... The Aesthetic ... facelift . Dr. Talei has come up with a proprietary technique that he calls ... lifts tissues that have dropped. For all ages, patients can expect to look refreshed, ...
(Date:6/23/2017)... , ... June 23, 2017 , ... ... Cancer Conference from Sept. 18 to 20. , The two-day conference is focused ... with the goal of improving patients’ lives and eliminating racial breast cancer-related disparities. ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:6/14/2017)... Va. , June 14, 2017  ivWatch LLC, ... and effectiveness of intravenous (IV) therapy, is pleased to ... the category of Nonsurgical Hospital Supplies and Equipment at ... awards program for the medtech industry. The award was ... the Jacob K. Javits Center in New ...
(Date:6/12/2017)... -- Kineta, Inc., a biotechnology company focused on the development ... of R&D and Head of Virology Kristin Bedard has been ... Northwest and Beyond meeting sponsored by Life Science Washington. ... 8:30-10:30 AM PDT at the Agora Conference Center in ... will be joined by other leaders in infectious disease research ...
(Date:6/9/2017)... INDIANAPOLIS , June 9, 2017 More ... a further effort to help spread lessons learned from ... the International Diabetes Federation (IDF) and Eli Lilly and ... for the second phase of the Bringing Research in ... reaffirming their commitment to helping people with diabetes effectively ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: