Navigation Links
New Vaccine for CMV Infection

A strategy for developing a human vaccine to prevent against Human Cytomegalovirus (hCMV) infection and disease was developed by researchers at the University of California , San Diego (UCSD) Skaggs School of Pharmacy and Pharmaceutical Sciences.

CMV, a type of herpes virus, is the leading viral cause of birth defects and a serious problem in patients with compromised immune systems. The bodys natural immunity doesnt protect against infection by the virus, estimated to be present in 50 to 75 percent of all adults.

Until now, scientists havent been able to develop a vaccine to protect against CMV, said Deborah H. Spector, Ph.D., UCSD Professor of Cellular and Molecular Medicine and faculty member of the Skaggs School of Pharmacy and Pharmaceutical Sciences. Using a two-pronged approach, we successfully created and tested a vaccine in a mouse model with CMV that shows enormous promise for re-directing the bodys immune system, enabling it to fight the virus.

The mouse vaccine generates an immune response that protects against both infection and development of disease when the virus is present by completely disarming the viruss ability to replicate and establish a persistent infection.

Our approach generates an immune response that is different from the normal response to the virus, and we hope to have found an Achilles heel in the defenses that the virus uses to evade the immune system, said Spector.

The virus has evolved to persist in the host by evading the immune responses either by hiding or by misdirecting the hosts immune responses. We found a way to teach the host immune system to not be tricked by the virus. She added that the next step is to apply this strategy to create a vaccine for use in humans.

CMV is a virus that, while carried by the majority of adults in the United States, can remain dormant for years, if not the lifetime, of a healthy individual. However, two percent of all children are born with the virus passed on by the mother in utero, and 15 percent of those children will show symptoms such as hearing loss, mental retardation, motor or learning disabilities.

Because the hosts natural immune system can protect from the disease but cant rid the body of the virus, people remain infected and can become re-infected or infect others through saliva.

Children in day care settings, for example, or adults who are sexually active, can pass along the virus, explained Spector. It becomes a serious problem in developing infants during the pregnancy or in those whose immune system is compromised, such as AIDS or transplant patients.

When a persistent virus such as CMV infects an individual, it disarms the host immune system in two ways by hiding or masking the proteins that would normally provoke an immune response, or by fooling the immune system into mounting a response that doesnt work to eradicate the virus. We needed a way to make the host defense system sit up and take notice, said Christopher S. Morello, Ph.D., first author of the study.

To do this, the researchers devised a vaccine with a one-two punch that combines a DNA immunization that targets T-cells to essential genes required for CMV replication, with a killed virus that prompts the bodys B-cells to generate an antibody response.

The vaccine contains the DNA of two essential genes that are essential for replication of the virus. These genes which are also found in other herpes viruses such as chicken pox or herpes simplex have the same or very similar sequence, structure and function whether in human or mouse viruses, and present a novel target for the hosts T-cells to muster forces and attack the virus.

Secondly, the vaccine also contains a boost from an inactivated virus, which generates an antibody response. Neither approach alone would give complete protection.In mice, the vaccine not only fought the disease, b ut prevented the infection from being established in the first place, Morello said.

Researchers at UCSD hope to begin pre-clinical work on development of a human vaccine. If successful, an FDA-approved, commercially licensed hCMV vaccine could be administered to specific at-risk populations, such as females prior to child-bearing years, day care providers, organ transplant recipients, or as part of regular childhood immunizations.

This approach may also be valid for a number of diseases associated with persistent or latent infections, including all types of herpes-associated diseases, AIDS, or hepatitis, said Spector. These viruses persist because immune responses generated by the viral infection are not able to eradicate the virus.


'"/>




Related medicine news :

1. Vaccine to quit smoking?
2. First Vaccine Designed for Africa Cleared for Testing in Humans
3. Vaccine for Alzheimer’s diseas
4. Health Officials Recommend Flu Vaccine
5. Smallpox Vaccine May Help Fight Cervical Cancer
6. Panacea Biotech To Market Anthrax Vaccine
7. New Prostate Cancer Vaccine Shows Promise
8. Drug Firm Offers to Donate Smallpox Vaccine
9. Vaccine guards against shingles
10. Vaccine for septic conditions
11. A new Vaccine for Pneumonia
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:


(Date:12/2/2016)... ... ... years, Doctors on Liens has published a directory of the top doctors working ... When the company started in 1997, the directory was a single page focusing on chiropractors ... directory features a vast array of medical specialists stretching from Sacramento to San ...
(Date:12/2/2016)... ... December 02, 2016 , ... Center for Autism and ... of those affected by autism spectrum disorder (ASD) and other developmental disabilities. The group, ... will give parents and other caregivers the opportunity to share stories and advice, seek ...
(Date:12/2/2016)... ... December 02, 2016 , ... Mediaplanet’s newest campaign, ... standing as living proof that attitude and determination can combine into the most ... spike around the holidays. This campaign will offer patients a new-found hope, by ...
(Date:12/2/2016)... ... December 02, 2016 , ... ... version of its SaaS LIMS, CloudLIMS Lite. CloudLIMS Lite helps biobanks, clinical, research ... labeling, storing, shipping and disposal. The new version is a faster and a ...
(Date:12/2/2016)... Wexford, PA (PRWEB) , ... December 02, 2016 , ... ... manages stress and overall health, day and night. No other wearable health technology on ... management. We wanted to give poeple more meaningful insights about their health than ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:12/2/2016)... , Dec. 2, 2016  LifeVac, the revolutionary ... included in the Emergency Response Training and Support Services ... excited to have LifeVac become part of the ERTSS ... Founder and CEO of LifeVac. "Having an established network ... and effectively will help leverage our efforts to spread ...
(Date:12/2/2016)... -- PipelineRx, a leading medication management technology company focused ... its SaaS-based telepharmacy platform, PowerGridRx™ , at ... Clinical Meeting and Exhibition, December 5-7 in ... hospital clients nationally, the Company is a leader ... improve pharmacy operations, enhance patient safety, and reduce ...
(Date:12/2/2016)... 2, 2016  Maxor National Pharmacy Services, LLC ("Maxor"), today ... Inc. ("PSI").  The combination of Texas -based ... -based PSI bring together both company,s clinical expertise and high-touch ... an industry-leading specialty pharmacy. About Maxor ... , , ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: