X-ray imaging,Researchers at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign have come out with a novel computational image-forming method // that is used for optical microscopy, which is capable of generating clear, three-dimensional images from hazy and unclear data.
The technique, named Interferometric Synthetic Aperture Microscopy, ISAM is beneficial to optical microscopy, just the same way ‘magnetic resonance imaging’ is to nuclear magnetic resonance, and what computed tomography did for X-ray imaging, the scientists say.
"ISAM can perform high-speed, micron-scale, cross-sectional imaging without the need for time-consuming processing, sectioning and staining of resected tissue," said Stephen Boppart, a professor of electrical and computer engineering, of bioengineering, and of medicine at the U. of I., and corresponding author of a paper accepted for publication in the journal Nature Physics, and posted on its Web site.
Developed by postdoctoral research associate and lead author Tyler Ralston, research scientist Daniel Marks, electrical and computer engineering professor P. Scott Carney, and Boppart, the imaging technique utilizes a broad-spectrum light source and a spectral interferometer to obtain high-resolution, reconstructed images from the optical signals based on an understanding of the physics of light-scattering within the sample.
"ISAM has the potential to broadly impact real-time, three-dimensional microscopy and analysis in the fields of cell and tumor biology, as well as in clinical diagnosis where imaging is preferable to biopsy," said Boppart, who is also a physician and founding director of the Mills Breast Cancer Institute at Carle Foundation Hospital in Urbana, Ill.
While other methods of three-dimensional optical microscopy require the instrument's focal plane to be scanned through the region of interest, ISAM works by utilizing light from the out-of-focus image planes, Ralston saPage: 1 2 Related medicine news :1
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