Navigation Links
New Cancer Therapy in Clinical Trial

The research, published in the July issue of the journal Cancer Cell, published by Cell Press, provides a pharmacological method for enhancing the potency and effectiveness of a tumor necrosis factor (TNF) death receptor ligand against a variety of human cancers.

A new study identifies a combination therapy that may sensitize human cancer cells to a promising treatment currently being used in clinical trials.

Potency and lack of toxicity to normal tissues make activation of TNF-a-related apoptosis-inducing ligand (TRAIL) death receptor signaling an attractive and exciting target for cancer therapy, and it is currently being tested in clinical trials.

However, most cancer cells have defects in their ability to die via a cell death pathway called apoptosis, and unfortunately, TRAIL therapy is not effective in cells that have certain defects in apoptotic pathways.

Dr. Wafik S. El-Deiry from the University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine and colleagues designed a series of studies to gain a better understanding of TRAIL-associated cell signaling pathways in cancer cells and to look for ways to pharmacologically optimize TRAIL therapy.

Dr. El-Deirys group had previously established that c-Myc is a key mediator of TRAIL-induced apoptosis and that cancer cells lacking c-Myc and a functional apoptotic pathway were resistant to TRAIL.

In the current study, the researchers demonstrated that expression of c-Myc in TRAIL-resistant human colon cancer cells sensitized the cells to TRAIL, even when the cells had intrinsic apoptotic defects. The researchers observed that TRAIL induced expression of two potent antiapoptotic molecules, Mcl-1 and cIAP2, and that c-Myc repressed both molecules.

The researchers also discovered that the multikinase inhibitor sorafenib prevented TRAIL-mediated induction of Mcl-1 and cIAP2, and although it had little effect on the killing of TRAIL-resistant c ells when administered alone, combination with TRAIL caused significant death of previously TRAIL-resistant cancer cells in culture and TRAIL-resistant tumors in mouse models.

Sorafenib was recently approved by the FDA for treatment of renal cancer and is currently undergoing investigation in over 30 clinical trials for use against a wide range of human cancers, including melanoma, prostate, ovarian, pancreatic, lung cancers, and others.

Like c-Myc, sorafenib appears to work through a mechanism that involves repression of TRAIL-induced expression of Mcl-1 and cIAP2.

These results also establish the clinical potential for combining TRAIL or other death receptor agonists with an orally bioavailable, low-toxicity multikinase inhibitor, sorafenib/Nexavar, thus providing an exciting approach for attacking cancers that harbor defective intrinsic apoptotic machinery, explains Dr. El-Deiry.


'"/>




Related medicine news :

1. Fibroids unlikely to Turn Cancerous
2. Virus Level could Predict Cervical Cancer Risk
3. Cancer Doctors Okays Controversial Prostate Therapy
4. Potential New Cancer Gene Identified
5. Consensus on "Combination Therapy" for Breast Cancer
6. Cancers of Colon & Rectum linked to Cigarette Smoking
7. Life Saving Cancer Drugs – From Chicken! Possible Says Dolly’ Creatos
8. The Cancer Rumour mill working over time
9. Cancer drugs in development nearly doubled since 1995
10. Radioactive Seeds used in Prostate Cancer treatment can migrate with the body
11. Cancer patients turning to Internet for information
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:


(Date:6/26/2016)... ... June 26, 2016 , ... Pixel Film Studios Released ... , "Film editors can give their videos a whole new perspective by using the ... CEO of Pixel Film Studios. , ProSlice Levels contains over 30 Different presets ...
(Date:6/25/2016)... Austin, TX (PRWEB) , ... June 25, 2016 , ... ... Fellow of the American College of Mohs Surgery and to Dr. Russell Peckham for ... popular and highly effective treatment for skin cancer. The selective fellowship in Mohs Micrographic ...
(Date:6/25/2016)... ... June 25, 2016 , ... Dr. Calvin Johnson has dedicated ... has implemented orthobiologic procedures as a method for treating his patients. The procedure ... doctors to perform the treatment. Orthobiologics are substances that orthopaedic surgeons use to ...
(Date:6/24/2016)... (PRWEB) , ... June 24, 2016 , ... June 19, ... the dangers associated with chronic pain and the benefits of holistic treatments, Serenity ... who are suffering with Sickle Cell Disease. , Sickle Cell Disease (SCD) is a ...
(Date:6/24/2016)... (PRWEB) , ... June 24, 2016 , ... Comfort Keepers® ... American Cancer Society and the Road To Recovery® program to drive cancer patients to ... and other adults to ensure the highest quality of life and ongoing independence. ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:6/26/2016)... Story Highlights: ... the health care industry is causing providers to review ... Deloitte offers a suite of solutions for health care ... cost optimization: labor resource analysis, revenue cycle optimization and ... outcomes and better economics ...
(Date:6/24/2016)... , June 24, 2016   Bay ... Rehabilitation Network,s Dean Center for Tick Borne ... Medicine and Rehabilitation, MIT Hacking Medicine, University of ... Innovation, today announced the five finalists of ... Lyme disease.  More than 100 scientists, clinicians, researchers, ...
(Date:6/24/2016)... Dehaier Medical Systems Ltd. (NASDAQ: ... and sells medical devices and wearable sleep respiratory products ... cooperation agreement with Hongyuan Supply Chain Management Co., Ltd. ... 20, 2016, to develop Dehaier,s new Internet medical technology ... will leverage Hongyuan Supply Chain,s sales platform to reach ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: