Navigation Links
Natural Immunity Against Avian Flu may Be Possible

A new research suggests that some people may become immune to avian flu. Richard Webby and colleagues at St. Jude Children's Research Hospital// investigated this possibility in mice and a small group of humans.

The H5N1 avian flu virus is quite different from the seasonal H1N1 and H3N2 flu viruses most humans have been exposed to, which is why many scientists believe that H5N1 could start a new pandemic. (The H and N refer to two virus components, the proteins hemagglutinin and neuraminidase, each of which exists in several varieties identified by a number following the letter.)

Webby and colleagues wondered whether immunity to the human type 1 neuraminidase (huN1) in H1N1 influenza virus strains (and vaccines made to protect against them) could provide protection against avian H5N1 influenza virus, which contains the closely related avian type 1 neuraminidase (avN1). In the new study, they group of humans.

The researchers immunized mice with DNA that caused their cells to make the neuraminidase from an H1N1 virus found in human outbreaks. They then examined the immune response of the mice to this huN1 and to avN1 from an avian H5N1 virus isolated from a human patient (A/Vietnam/1203/04).

Most of the mice responded to the DNA vaccine by making antibodies that recognized huN1; a few also made antibodies against avN1. (Antibodies are proteins circulating in the body that recognize and stick to some specific part of a foreign agent such as a virus.) All the vaccinated mice survived infection with a man-made flu virus containing huN1, and half also survived infection with low doses of A/Vietnam/1203/04 or of a man-made virus containing avN1.

The researchers then tested blood samples from 38 human volunteers for their ability to inactivate neuraminidase from an H1N1 virus and two H5N1 viruses. Most of the samples were active against the protein from the H1N1 virus; and 8 or 9 also inhibited the protein from both H5N1 viruses.

The results indicate that a vaccine containing huN1 makes mice produce antibodies that partly protect them against avian H5N1 infection. In addition, the human data suggest that a proportion of people have low titer antibodies against H5N1 influenza because of prior exposure to H1N1 viruses or routine influenza vaccination.

As Laura Gillim-Ross and Kanta Subbarao (US National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases) write in an accompanying Perspective article, these results provide a tantalizing suggestion but fall short of demonstrating that there is actual protection in humans against avian flu. Further work is needed to investigate this important question, and Gillim-Ross and Subbarao discuss the challenges and opportunities for such research.

Source-Eurekalert
PRI
'"/>




Related medicine news :

1. Accuracy of Some Natural Family Planning Methods Questioned .
2. Natural formula for protection against vision loss
3. Naturally Occurring Hormone Can Lead To Miscarriage
4. Treating Leukemia With Natural Cells
5. Natural Sulfur Can Treat Pain From Osteoarthritis
6. Chronic Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) Risk In Young Natural Disaster Survivors
7. Tsunami Unplugged: Natural Disasters Favor the Under-privileged
8. ‘Natural Spring’ Starts A Week Ahead Now Than Before: UNH Scientit
9. An After-Dinner Nap Is A Natural Thing, Scientists Proved
10. The Most Natural Thing in the World
11. Natural Approach to Immune Regulation May Help Transplant Patients
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:


(Date:2/12/2016)... , ... February 12, 2016 , ... According to an ... are beginning to account for a significant portion of hernia repairs throughout the United ... the Beverly Hills Hernia Center notes that this trend has not only been expected, ...
(Date:2/12/2016)... ... ... Enforcement Trends: , Back to the Future , Feb. 25, 2016 — 11:00 a.m. – ... who don’t learn from history are doomed to repeat it.” , An analysis of CDRH’s ... But that takes time. , Take a close look at the warning letters the ...
(Date:2/12/2016)... , ... February 12, 2016 , ... ... announced that nominations have closed for the ISE Southeast Awards 2016. Finalists and ... announced at the ISE® Southeast Executive Forum and Awards Gala on March 15, ...
(Date:2/12/2016)... , ... February 12, 2016 , ... AssureVest Insurance Group, ... is initiating a charity drive that will raise funds earmarked to purchase computers and ... Tayloe Elementary School. , “My school is in a low-income area and has more ...
(Date:2/12/2016)... ... 2016 , ... Donor Network West, the organ procurement organization that heals lives ... San Ramon Regional Medical Center. Under the collaboration, the first of its kind, specific ... a more certain time frame for donor families for the recovery of organs. ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:2/12/2016)... On Thursday, Feb. 11, 2016, surgeons at ... North Austin Medical Center successfully completed the first robotic ... Surgical System with Trumpf Medical,s advanced operating table, ... , M.D., colorectal surgeon at the Texas Institute for ... Motion technology, which seamlessly combines the da Vinci Xi ...
(Date:2/12/2016)... , 12 februari 2016 AAIPharma ... toonaangevende leverancier van productie en ontwikkeling op ... kondigt vandaag een uitbreiding aan van steriele ... locatie in Charleston, SC ... tot meerdere recente investeringen. http://photos.prnewswire.com/prnh/20150806/256637LOGO ...
(Date:2/11/2016)... , Feb. 11, 2016 The primary goal ... future adoption patterns on the usage of liquid biopsy. ... following: - Timeframe of liquid biopsy adoption ... cfDNA and Evs—by organization type - Sample inflow to ... blood, saliva, stool, serum, and so on. - Correlation ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: