There has been an outbreak of mumps beginning in Nova Scotia and now spreading in Ontario. Accordingly, young adults of university age are the most affected.
The latest outbreak of five people in Ontario in the wake of 222 cases in Nova Scotia has put health officials in top alert.
Public-health officials are now debating whether they need to administer a booster shot, as the latest attacks prove that those vaccinated years ago are getting infected once more.
Ontario's Ministry of Health and Long-Term Care confirmed yesterday that the cases, two of which are in Toronto, are linked to the outbreak in Nova Scotia. The outbreak, which began in late February, has also infected 34 people in New Brunswick and one in Prince Edward Island.
According to Jeannette Macey, head of disease surveillance in the immunization and respiratory infections division at the Public Health Agency of Canada, there may still be more cases as university students, who are most likely to be infected, return home.
Mumps causes fever and swollen saliva glands, but it can also lead to serious illnesses such as meningitis and, in rare cases, sterility in men. The disease is spread through coughing, sneezing, sharing drinks and kissing. It can take up to seven days for symptoms to appear.
Vaccination is the best prevention for mumps, but doctors say young adults in their late teens and early 20s are more prone to the disease because they were born in a period when only one dose of vaccine was administered to children. Since 1996, preschoolers have received two doses.
The agency has recommended that provinces seeing an outbreak consider offering an additional dose of the measles-mumps-rubella (MMR), vaccine to those considered at high risk.
Meanwhile, the National Advisory Committee on Immunization, which advises the country's chief public health officer, will meet next month to review an expanded immunization stPage: 1 2 Related medicine news :1
. Mumps Epidemic Spreads Easily From Infected Air Travelers2
. Mumps Outbreak Hits US As CDC Monitors Air Travelers3
. Mumps Outbreak In The US4
. Mumps Fever Spreads Unabated In US5
. Wheaton College Affected By Mumps Outbreak6
. Measles Breaks Out In Kashmir7
. Breaks In The HIV Treatment Resulted In Devastating Results.8
. Task Learning Made Simple By Taking Short Breaks 9
. HIV Patients May Benefit From Treatment Breaks10
. Winter Warmth Breaks All Records11
. Japans Miss Universe Breaks With Timid Tradition