Navigation Links
Multivitamins Can Reduce Risk Of Low Birth Weight

A recent report in the Archives of Pediatrics & Adolescent Medicine, one of the JAMA/Archives journals, stated that undernourished women who take a vitamin// and mineral supplement while pregnant may be less likely than women taking only iron and folic acid supplements to have babies weighing less than 2,500 grams, and their newborns may be less likely to have morbidity in the first seven days of life.

Low birth weight, or a weight of less than 2,500 grams, is a major predictor of death in infancy, according to background information in the article. It also increases the risk that the child will grow up to develop coronary heart disease, type 2 diabetes, stroke or high blood pressure. In countries low on resources, a mother's nutrition before and during pregnancy is known to affect the birth weight of her baby. Low-income women are often deficient in a number of micronutrients (vitamins and minerals), including vitamins C and E, vitamin B complex and folate.

Piyush Gupta, M.D., M.A.M.S., University College of Medical Sciences, Delhi, India, and colleagues conducted a randomized trial involving 200 women who were 24 to 32 weeks pregnant and either underweight (having a body mass index of less than 18.5) or with a low hemoglobin level (between 7 and 9 grams per deciliter), which can indicate malnourishment. The women all lived within 5 kilometers of a hospital in East Delhi, India, and planned to deliver either at the hospital or in the neighborhood. Information about the participants, including age, height and pre-pregnancy weight, was collected at the hospital between May 1, 2002, and April 30, 2003.

One hundred and one of the women were randomly assigned to take a placebo tablet containing only calcium, and the other 99 received a tablet containing a mix of 29 micronutrients and were instructed to take it daily. Both groups were given iron and folic acid supplements and guidance on prenatal health and were monitored during regula r prenatal clinic visits. If the baby was born at the hospital, information about the delivery, birth weight and health of the child was collected there; otherwise, the mothers were contacted personally and asked for this information. Newborns at the hospital were followed up for seven days to detect any evidence of congenital abnormalities or other conditions or illnesses.

Women in the micronutrient group gained an average of 9.2 kilograms (20.3 pounds) during their pregnancies, compared with 8.7 kilograms (19.2 pounds) in the placebo group. Of the 200 babies born, 146 were included in the analysis of birth size and 170 (88 in the micronutrient group and 82 in the placebo group) in the analysis of death or illness within seven days. After the researchers adjusted for other factors that affect birth weight, babies whose mothers took micronutrients weighed an average of 98 grams more and were .8 centimeters longer. Rate of low birth weight was 43.1 percent in the placebo group vs. 15.2 percent among those on micronutrient supplements. Four infants died in each group.

"Our findings are of a preliminary nature and need to be further corroborated," the authors write. "We advocate community-based trials in deprived populations to ascertain the impact of a supplementation schedule lasting throughout pregnancy. The sample size should be large enough to evaluate the effect of such supplementation on neonatal morbidity and mortality, in addition to the size at birth."



Source-Eurekalert
SRI
'"/>




Related medicine news :

1. Older People May Not Need Multivitamins To Prevent Infections
2. Latest Research Shows That Multivitamins Might Not Prevent Infections In All Elderly
3. Using Multivitamins Before And After Conception Averts Preeclampsia
4. Prenatal Multivitamins to prevent risk of Brain Tumors In Kids
5. Effective Marketing of Multivitamins Essential
6. Multivitamins Improve Birth Outcomes Among Children Born With HIV
7. Reduced POD linked to fatal asthma attacks
8. Reduced fertility in men who mountain bike
9. Reduce watching TV to prevent Obesity and Diabetes
10. Mammograms Reduce Risk of Dying
11. Night Time Aspirin Regimen Found to Reduce Blood Pressure
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:


(Date:1/20/2017)... Texas (PRWEB) , ... January 20, 2017 , ... Yisrayl Hawkins, Pastor and Overseer at ... the bible in homes across the world. Yisrayl says this generation is a time like ... is to turn to the Bible. , Yisrayl says he does not want to sound ...
(Date:1/20/2017)... , ... January 20, 2017 , ... Lice Troopers, the ... cases in families with school-aged children since the holiday season. , “It happens ... with their families, sharing hugs and taking photos, which is the head-to-head gateway that ...
(Date:1/20/2017)... ... ... "TransFlare 4K Mystique comes with 44 colorful mysterious transitions that are fully ... - CEO of Pixel Film Studios. , TransFlare 4K Mystique contains 44 lens ... and light leak transitions have a very high-dynamic range for super smooth falloff. Simply ...
(Date:1/20/2017)... ... 2017 , ... “Code Word: Chocolate Biscuit”: a biographical account following a man who went on ... of published author, Marlyn Ivey, born in Lynn Haven, Florida and at the age of ... 19 years of age, he joined the Navy and got married right out of boot ...
(Date:1/20/2017)... ... 20, 2017 , ... “Journey to Christmas:” a beautiful and enchanting tale that teaches children the ... a mother of three in Oklahoma City, and a devoted woman of faith. , ... has been in the back of my mind for years, but actually doing it might ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:1/20/2017)... , January 20, 2017 Avillion LLP, ... appointment of Mark Weinberg , MD MBA as Chief Medical ... , USA . ... Dr Weinberg has spent more than 17 years ... 20" pharma companies to micro-cap biotech. Over the course of his ...
(Date:1/19/2017)... The Global Therapy Partnering Terms and Agreements ... deals and agreements entered into by the world,s leading ... Top deals by value - Deals listed by company ... The report provides understanding and access to the partnering ... healthcare companies. The report provides an analysis of ...
(Date:1/19/2017)... Jan. 19, 2017 This report on the ... future scenario of the global market. Large number of ... Severe chronic constipation is a major side effect of ... Hence, novel targeted therapy has been prescribed to treat ... of targeted medicines, and growing awareness about the therapy ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: