Navigation Links
Mental Health Units Should not be Exempt from Smoking Ban

Exempting mental health units from the ban on smoking in public places would worsen health inequalities for people with mental health problems, warn doctors in this week’s BMJ.//

Smoking is the largest single cause of preventable illness and premature death in the United Kingdom, with 106,000 people dying of smoking related diseases in 2002, and more than 10,000 dying each year as a result of passive smoking.

The Health Act 2006 will make all enclosed public and work places in England and Wales smoke-free environments, but may exclude some mental health settings.

This would be a mistake, argue Jonathan Campion and colleagues, as the prevalence of smoking is high among people with mental health problems.

Nearly three quarters of people with schizophrenia, affective psychosis, and other mental health disorders who live in mental health settings are smokers, and they are more likely to be heavier and more dependent smokers than the general population, they write.

As a result, people with mental health problems are at a substantially greater risk of premature death from smoking related diseases than is seen in the general population. This is particularly important given that those with mental illness already experience high levels of social exclusion and health inequality, which are exacerbated by smoking.

Arguments for excluding mental health settings from the new smoke-free legislation are that they are places of residence and that some patients are detained under the Mental Health Act. However, health and safety legislation places a duty on NHS employers to protect staff and patients from exposure to environmental tobacco smoke.

Another argument is that preventing people smoking is an infringement of human rights, particularly for detained patients. But the Human Rights Act 1998 allows an individual choice only if that does not endanger others. Furthermore, this argument is not applie d to other forms of drug misuse, and people are not allowed to drink alcohol or use illegal drugs in mental health units.

Research also shows that smoke-free policies have succeeded in mental health settings. Such bans have caused fewer problems than anticipated, and policies applied in a consistent way to all patients were more effective than selective bans.

The health select committee has proposed that psychiatric institutions in England and Wales should not be exempt from the Health Act 2006, say the authors. “We strongly endorse this proposal and suggest that all mental health settings should introduce complete smoke-free policies. These policies should be introduced in a flexible and pragmatic way, with support and treatment available for patients to stop smoking and manage withdrawal.”

“Exemption from the Health Act will exclude mental health patients from mainstream health improvement strategies and exacerbate the inequality they already experience,” they conclude.

'"/>




Related medicine news :

1. Mental illness a key factor in suicide
2. Mental retardation linked to brain protein
3. Mental growth in babies at risk
4. Reduced Fatigue Boosts Mental Health
5. Mental Health Services for Children
6. Mentally Demanding Jobs Found To Reduce The Risk Of Alzheimer’
7. Diabetics To Seek Mental Counseling To Cope With Stress
8. Exercise Can Decrease Mental Decline
9. Low Socioeconomic Status May Lead To Mental Illness
10. Mental health may deteriorate as early as in the teens
11. Folic Acid Retards Mental Decline In Middle Aged Subjects
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:


(Date:2/13/2016)... ... February 13, 2016 , ... The National Association for Children ... organization representing the growing community of recovering individuals (now over 23 million), to ... in policies addressing addiction. , Although many of the presidential candidates of ...
(Date:2/13/2016)... , ... February 13, 2016 , ... The producers of ... of American businesses. , The increasingly modern world of instantaneous consumption proves very ... non-renewable energy sources such as oil and coal, which pollutes our air, water, and ...
(Date:2/13/2016)... , ... February 13, 2016 , ... When an Au Pair comes all ... sure what they are in for and they are often worried things won’t go well. ... were hoping for. This year’s Au Pair of the Year winner’s all commented how their ...
(Date:2/12/2016)... ... February 12, 2016 , ... According to an article published ... for a significant portion of hernia repairs throughout the United States. Commenting on this ... Center notes that this trend has not only been expected, but it seems to ...
(Date:2/12/2016)... and Washington, DC (PRWEB) , ... ... ... and the Siemens Foundation today announced a new initiative—the Siemens Foundation-PATH Ingenuity ... low-resource settings. The partnership will recruit top students from U.S. universities who ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:2/11/2016)... Feb. 11, 2016 PRO-DEX, INC. (NasdaqCM: PDEX) today ... December 31, 2015. The Company also filed its Quarterly Report ... 2016 with the Securities and Exchange Commission today. ... 2015 --> --> Net ... $2.6 million, or 95%, to $5.4 million from $2.8 million ...
(Date:2/11/2016)... , Feb. 11, 2016  Kindred Biosciences, Inc. ... saving and improving the lives of pets, today announced ... of the New Animal Drug Application (NADA) for Zimeta™ ... field study (KB0120) of Zimeta for the control of ... Company. --> --> ...
(Date:2/11/2016)... DUNKIRK, N.Y. , Feb. 11, 2016  Governor ... Athenex that will create 1,400 jobs throughout ... by a partnership with the SUNY Polytechnic Institute, includes ... the Conventus Building in Buffalo , ... square foot manufacturing facility in Dunkirk ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: