Navigation Links
Medication Adherence - Influenced by Drug or Race?

A recent study at the Ohio State University shows that medication adherence rate in type II diabetes is affected by the race of the patients. Researchers report// that this rate is 12% lower in African Americans in comparison to the whites.

Rajesh Balkrishnan
"That's an unacceptable difference, particularly because African Americans tend to have higher rates of diabetes and disease-related complications," said Rajesh Balkrishnan, a study co-author and the Merrell Dow professor of pharmacy at Ohio State University.

Each of the nearly 2,700 study participants were covered by Medicaid, which provided prescription medication coverage to all enrollees. Still, more than a third of the African Americans and whites in this study failed to take their anti-diabetic medications properly.

"Adherence rates for these types of medications should be better than 90 percent, regardless of who takes them," Balkrishnan said. "Such low rates of adherence may be related to lower socioeconomic status and to lower levels of education.

"Many commercial insurers pay for educators to teach patients the importance of taking their medications as prescribed," he continued. "Medicaid needs to do the same thing. While it invests a lot of money in providing services, it does little to educate its recipients about those services and how to use them. People need to understand the importance of taking their medications."

The results appear in a recent issue of the Journal of the National Medical Association.

The researchers gathered two years' worth of patient information from the North Carolina Medicaid program database. They culled the database for adults with Type 2, or insulin resistant, diabetes, and found 1,527 black and 1,128 white people who fit the criteria.

The information gathered was solely from patients who were taking one of three types medications commonly used to treat diabetes - a thiazolidinedio ne (TZD), a sulfonylurea or metformin.

The researchers determined individual medication adherence rates by calculating how often each person refilled his prescription. They assumed that a prescription filled meant that the previous prescription had been taken.

Many commercial insurers pay for educators to teach patients the importance of taking their medications as prescribed. Medicaid needs to do the same thing. While it invests a lot of money in providing services, it does little to educate its recipients about those services and how to use them.

Based on this calculation alone, the researchers found that the African American diabetic patients in this Medicaid population took their medication as prescribed 54 percent of the time, compared to white diabetic patients who took their medication as prescribed 59 percent of the time.

The researchers also found that, regardless of race, people who took the anti-diabetic drug metformin were 62 percent less likely to take the medication as prescribed.

Other studies have suggested that metformin alone is ineffective at controlling the symptoms of diabetes. Balkrishnan said that most of the patients who took metformin in this study ultimately started to take another anti-diabetic drug, either alone or in combination with metformin.

Balkrishnan conducted the study with Ohio State colleague Rahul Shenolikar, and with researchers from the Wake Forest University School of Medicine and the North Carolina State Center for Health Statistics.

Source: Eurekalert
'"/>




Related medicine news :

1. What happens when Medications go wrong?
2. Medications to Prevent Relapse to Cocaine Use
3. More Elderly Take Inappropriate and Harmful Medications
4. Medications for depression
5. Medications linked to xerostomia and caries
6. Medication recuperates fat distribution in diabetes
7. Pharmacist’s Role in Medication Error
8. The Downside of Asthma Medication
9. Reducing Medication Errors
10. Oral Medication Effective In Combating Eye Infection
11. New Medication May Decrease The Frequency Of Angina Attacks
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:


(Date:6/26/2016)... ... June 26, 2016 , ... On June 10-11, 2016, A Forever Recovery, a ... and World’s Longest Breakfast Table in Battle Creek, MI, where the rehabilitation facility is ... to some of the world’s leading providers of cereal and other breakfast foods. Its ...
(Date:6/25/2016)... ... June 25, 2016 , ... Experts from the American Institutes ... Research Meeting June 26-28, 2016, at the Hynes Convention Center in Boston. , ... advance care planning, healthcare costs and patient and family engagement. , AIR researchers ...
(Date:6/25/2016)... , ... June 25, 2016 , ... As a lifelong ... Cum Laude and his M.D from the David Geffen School of Medicine at UCLA. ... to Los Angeles to complete his fellowship in hematology/oncology at the UCLA-Olive View-Cedars Sinai ...
(Date:6/24/2016)... ... 2016 , ... Those who have experienced traumatic events may suffer from a ... such as drug or alcohol abuse, as a coping mechanism. To avoid this pain ... following a traumatic event. , Trauma sufferers tend to feel a range of emotions, ...
(Date:6/24/2016)... ... June 24, 2016 , ... Dr. Amanda Cheng, ... treatment. Dr. Cheng has extensive experience with all areas of orthodontics, including robotic ... osteogenic orthodontics. , Micro-osteoperforation is a revolutionary adjunct to orthodontic treatment. It ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:6/24/2016)... , Belgium , June ... MKT: VNRX), today announced the appointment of Dr. ... of Directors as a Non-Executive Director, effective June ... Company,s Audit, Compensation and Nominations and Governance Committees.  ... Dr. Futcher will provide independent expertise and strategic ...
(Date:6/23/2016)... , June 23, 2016  MedSource announced today ... its e-clinical software solution of choice.  This latest ... possible value to their clients by offering a ... preferred relationship establishes nowEDC as the EDC platform ... MedSource,s full-service clients.  "nowEDC has long been a ...
(Date:6/23/2016)... 2016 Any dentist who has made an implant ... process. Many of them do not even offer this as ... high laboratory costs involved. And those who ARE able to ... a high cost that the majority of today,s patients would ... Parsa Zadeh , founder of Dental Evolutions Inc. and inventor ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: