Navigation Links
Master Switches Found for Adult Blood Stem Cells

Johns Hopkins Kimmel Cancer Center scientists have found a set of "master switches" that keep adult blood-forming stem cells in their primitive state//. Unlocking the switches' code may one day enable scientists to grow new blood cells for transplant into patients with cancer and other bone marrow disorders.

The scientists located the control switches not at the gene level, but farther down the protein production line in more recently discovered forms of ribonucleic acid, or RNA. MicroRNA molecules, once thought to be cellular junk, are now known to switch off activity of the larger RNA strands which allow assembly of the proteins that let cells grow and function.

"Stem cells are poised to make proteins essential for maturing into blood cells, but microRNAs keep them locked in their place," says cancer researcher Curt Civin, M.D., Ph.D., who led the study. The journal account will appear online the week of February 5 in the early edition of the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences.

To halt protein assembly, microRNAs pair up with matching full-length RNA, then fold and twist it, rendering the larger RNA useless. But the RNA pairings are not perfect, and one microRNA can latch on to several hundred RNA strands. "They act like a single circuit breaker to efficiently control hundreds of RNAs," says Civin, the Herman and Walter Samuelson Professor of Cancer Research.

"We're looking for ways to flip these microRNA switches, to control when stem cells grow into new blood cells," says Robert Georgantas, Ph.D., research associate at the Johns Hopkins Kimmel Cancer Center and first and corresponding author of the study.

To identify the key microRNAs, Georgantas sifted through thousands of RNA pieces with a custom-built, computer software program. Its algorithms let the software, fed data from samples of blood and bone marrow from healthy donors, match RNA pairs. The outcome was a core set of 33 microRNAs that match with more than 1,200 of the larger variety RNA already known to be important for stem-cell maturation.

Georgantas and Civin currently are testing whether these pair predictions are valid by using a non-reproducing virus to insert genetic instructions for each of the 33 microRNAs into adult stem cells. They'll then be cultured in Petri dishes. MicroRNA-155 - the first microRNA tested - was predicted to stop stem cells from developing into red and white blood cells.

As expected, stem cells without microRNA-155 matured: they formed approximately 75 red and 150 white blood cell colonies per dish. Stem cells with microRNA-155 matured into far fewer red and white cell colonies - about seven and 30 per dish, respectively.

"Using microRNAs to stall an adult blood stem cell in its early stage could help us grow new ones in test tubes, and perhaps give us more insight into stem-cell maturation for other tissue types," says Civin.

Source-Bio-Bio Technology
SRI
'"/>




Related medicine news :

1. Protein acts as "Master Switch" that cuts off cells Cancer-Growth machinery
2. Master Regulatory Gene of Epithelial Stem Cells Identified
3. Unusual Tumor-Suppressor Gene Switches Off in Lung Cancer
4. Breast Cancer Treatment Switches to more Modern Therapy
5. Fluoride Found Effective in Osteoporosis
6. Implantable Contact Lens Found Safe and Effective
7. Cancer hazard Found With Animal-Based Nutrients
8. Processed Meat, Diabetes connection Found
9. Night Time Aspirin Regimen Found to Reduce Blood Pressure
10. Hydrotherapy Found to be Effective for Patients with Osteoarthritis
11. Hydrotherapy Found to be Effective for Patients with Osteoarthritis
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:


(Date:9/21/2017)... ... September 21, 2017 , ... The American Addiction Treatment ... for professionals in the addiction treatment industry entitled: Special Investigations Unit (SIU) ... companies and state and federal governments are increasingly scrutinizing the addiction treatment industry ...
(Date:9/21/2017)... IL. (PRWEB) , ... September 21, 2017 , ... ... results released today of a new member survey conducted by the International ... restoration procedures performed from 2014 to 2016 rose 60 percent, with 635,189 procedures ...
(Date:9/21/2017)... ... ... Bill Howe Plumbing’s mission is to create an employee friendly company, provide ... over 37 years, they have operated with their mission at the foundation and have ... They were chosen as the Best San Diego plumber in 2016, named a Top ...
(Date:9/21/2017)... Renton, WA (PRWEB) , ... September 21, 2017 ... ... inspection technology using Microscan’s LVS 7510 at the Global GS1 Healthcare Conference 2017 ... need of the life-sciences industry for ensuring label quality and improving patient safety. ...
(Date:9/21/2017)... ... 21, 2017 , ... Preora Diagnostics Inc. , a ... has received two prestigious recognitions that acknowledge the promise of its PWS Nanoctyology ... has been named a Top 100 Finalist for the 16th annual Chicago Innovation ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:9/7/2017)... 2017 Caris Life Sciences, a leading ... promise of precision medicine, today announced results from ... its molecular profiling approach in guiding therapeutic strategies ... plus (CGP+) with Caris Molecular Intelligence ® ... molecular level, leading to more therapeutic options and ...
(Date:9/7/2017)... BOTHELL, Wash. , Sept. 7, 2017   BioLife ... developer, manufacturer and marketer of proprietary clinical grade cell and ... media ("BioLife"), announces that Mike Rice , President and ... Rodman & Renshaw 19 th ... 3:25 p.m. Eastern time (12:25 p.m. Pacific time). The conference ...
(Date:9/6/2017)... N.Y. , Sept. 6, 2017   PDI , ... announced it will host an educational session focused on ... bloodstream infection (CLABSI) prevention at the 2017 Annual Scientific ... which will take place at the Phoenix ... from Sept. 16-19, will also feature PDI,s ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: