Navigation Links
Mast Cells Suppress Immune System

Researchers at the Dartmouth Medical School have discovered a vital link that reveals how the immune system works. Their study is published online on August 20 in the journal// Nature. The researchers found that mast cells, which are involved in allergic reactions, are involved in immune system suppression.

'Our finding is a complete surprise. We were studying transplant tolerance and what's required to protect a graft from rejection,' says Randolph Noelle, professor of microbiology and immunology at Dartmouth Medical School. 'When we went looking to see what genes were responsible in a successful graft, we found high levels of mast cell gene products, which made the connection between regulatory T cells and mast cell recruitment. The fact that mast cells may be instrumental in orchestrating regulatory T cell tolerance was new, unanticipated, and surprising.'

In their study, the researchers determined that mast cells are crucial for sustaining immune suppression in transplanted skin on mice, which means longer acceptance or tolerance of the transplant. Mice that were mast cell deficient rejected the skin graft. Furthermore, the researchers found that IL-9, a protein already known for playing a role in mast cell activation and recruitment, was discovered to be produced by regulatory T cells. As such, the other key discovery in this study was that Il-9 appears to be an essential ingredient in the success of transplanted skin.

'Because of this study, mast cells are now the new cellular target in understanding immune suppression,' says Noelle, who is co-director of the Immunotherapy Program of the Norris Cotton Cancer Center at Dartmouth-Hitchcock Medical Center. 'We now have a whole new set of cellular, and eventually molecular, interactions to study.'

According to Noelle, the findings might also impact some cancer treatments as mast cells are known to promote growth in some tumors. Future research might look into suppres sing mast cells to boost the immune system, which could lead to tumor rejection.

'It is only because of the extremely high quality of the graduate students in Dartmouth's Molecular and Cell Biology Program and the hard work of post-docs and colleagues that this new paradigm of cellular interactions in immunology was discovered,' says Noelle.

Source: Eurekalert
'"/>




Related medicine news :

1. Blood Cells Capable of Regenerating Liver
2. White Cells Count Can Predict Heart Attack Death Risk
3. Gene Therapy Destroys Pancreatic Cancer Cells
4. Stem Cells Have Few Mutations
5. Heart may pull Cells from Body to Self-repair
6. Cells critical for asthma development found
7. Vitamin D Wipes out Cancer Cells
8. Bone Marrow Cells Help Heart Attack Patients
9. Islet Cells May Lead to Diabetes CureChildren
10. Stem Cells Found To Offer Promise For Hair Growth
11. Bone Marrow Cells Could Yield A New Lease of Life
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:


(Date:10/12/2017)... ... 2017 , ... IsoComforter, Inc. ( https://isocomforter.com ), one of the ... new design of the shoulder pad. The shoulder pad provides optimal support and ... pain while using cold therapy. By utilizing ice and water that is circulated from ...
(Date:10/12/2017)... Rockville, Maryland (PRWEB) , ... October 12, 2017 ... ... a magnetic drug delivery system that we intend to develop to enable prevention ... regimens can lead to severe hearing loss, especially in pediatric patients. For cisplatin, ...
(Date:10/12/2017)... , ... October 12, 2017 , ... Leading pediatric oncology ... in Washington, D.C., for the 49th Congress of the International Society of Paediatric ... President of the Center for Cancer and Blood Disorders at Children’s National, ...
(Date:10/12/2017)... ... October 12, 2017 , ... Health Literacy ... health literacy software tool, and the Cancer Patient Education Network (CPEN), an independent ... today announce a new strategic alliance. , As CPEN’s strategic partner, HLI ...
(Date:10/12/2017)... ... 12, 2017 , ... Farm Forward joins Bon ... leading institutions in announcing the launch of the Leadership Circle , a ... are raised for food. , Founding members of the Leadership Circle also include ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:10/11/2017)... , Oct. 11, 2017  Hill-Rom Holdings, Inc. ("Hill-Rom") ... Surgical facility in Las Piedras, Puerto Rico ... and blades. ... the facility sustained minor structural damage, temporary loss of ... Repairs have been completed, manufacturing operations have resumed, and ...
(Date:10/4/2017)...  South Korean-based healthcare product Development Company I.M. Lab ... Kickstarter. The device will educate the user about ,proper, ... efficiency compared to the dated and pricey CPR training ... of the compression for a more informed CPR training. ... raise $5,000. cprCUBE ...
(Date:10/2/2017)... Fla. , Oct. 2, 2017  AllianceRx Walgreens ... company formed by Walgreens and pharmacy benefit manager Prime ... its new brand, which included the unveiling of new ... , as well as at a few other ... the new brand to patients, some of whom will ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: