Navigation Links
Male Circumcision Overstated as Deterrent to Global AIDS Pandemic

While previous research has suggested that circumcision 'significantly' cuts HIV risk in men, a new study has found that it is much less important as a deterrent to the global AIDS pandemic than previously thought.

Author John R. Talbott who conducted statistical empirical research across 77 countries of the world conducted the study.

He found that the number of infected prostitutes in a country is the key to explaining the degree to which AIDS has infected the general population.

Prostitute communities are typically very highly infected with the virus themselves, and because of the large number of sex partners they have each year, can act as an engine driving infection rates to unusually high levels in the general population.

He also made two important discoveries.

First, male circumcision, which in previous studies had been found to be important in controlling AIDS, becomes statistically irrelevant once the study controls for the number of prostitutes in a country.

The study finds that the more Muslim countries of North Africa do indeed suffer much less AIDS than southern and western Africa, but this lower prevalence is not due to higher numbers of circumscribed males in these Muslim communities, but rather results from the fact that there are significantly fewer prostitutes in northern Africa on a per capita basis.

In a frequently cited academic paper, Daniel Halperin, an H.I.V. specialist at the Harvard Center for Population and Development and one of the world's leading advocates for male circumcision, weighted results from individual countries by their population. When this artificial weighting was removed Talbott found that circumcision was no longer statistically significant in explaining the variance in AIDS infection rates across the countries of the World.

Second, to date, there has not been an adequate explanation as to why Africa as a continent is experiencing an AIDS epidemic far in excess of any other region of the world with some African countries' prevalence rates exceeding 25 percent of the adult population and tens of millions dying from the disease on the continent.

Talbott's new study suggests that the reason is that Africa as a whole has four times as many prostitutes as the rest of the word and they are more than four times as infected.

Some southern Africa countries have as many as 7 percent of their adult females infected and working as prostitutes while in the developed world typically this percentage of infected prostitutes is less than .1percent.

If these infected prostitutes in Africa sleep with five men in a week that means they are subjecting 35 percent of the country's male population to the virus weekly. The virus is not easy to transmit heterosexually, b ut over time with multiple exposures, infection is inevitable. These men then act as a conduit to bring the virus home to their villages, their other casual sex partners and to their wives.

The study has important policy implications. Several international AIDS organizations have begun to provide funding for male circumcisions as a deterrent to AIDS.

The research is published in the online, open-access, peer-reviewed scientific journal PLoS ONE.


Related medicine news :

1. Circumcision Found To Prevent HIV Spread
2. Circumcision More Effective In Reducing The Risk Of HIV Protection
3. Circumcision Ritual May Protect Men From AIDS
4. More News That Circumcision Could Reduce risk of HIV infection
5. Men queue up for Circumcision In Swaziland To Prevent HIV/AIDS
6. Circumcision, Will Have To Wait
7. High Demand For Circumcision In AIDS-Hit Swaziland
8. Female Circumcision Rampant in Africa
9. Circumcision Studies to Continue Says Health Panel
10. Practise Of Male Circumcision In Africa May Reduce HIV Risks
11. Circumcision to Avert HIV Infection
Post Your Comments:

(Date:11/27/2015)... ... November 27, 2015 , ... Dr. Thomas Dunlap and Dr. ... Tucker Bierbaum with Emergency Medicine at St., Joseph Health System’s Santa Rosa Memorial ... conditions present in similar ways and require time-critical intervention to avoid large area heart ...
(Date:11/27/2015)... ... November 27, 2015 , ... ... Q-Suite, announces the incorporation of Asterisk 11 LTS (Long Term Support) into its ... 11 LTS brings Q-Suite 5.10 up-to-date with a version of Asterisk that will ...
(Date:11/26/2015)... ... November 26, 2015 , ... Inevitably when people think Thanksgiving, they also think ... during the Black Friday and Cyber Monday massage chair sales to receive ... high and low to find the best massage chair deals, they can see all ...
(Date:11/26/2015)... ... November 26, 2015 , ... Somu Sivaramakrishnan announced today ... owner, Somu now offers travelers, value and care based Travel Services, including exclusive ... as well as, cabin upgrades and special amenities such as, shore excursions, discounted ...
(Date:11/26/2015)... ... ... Jobs in hospital medical laboratories and in the imaging field lead the many ... Medical Group . These fields, as well as travel nursing, ranked at ... through the company’s website, , The leading healthcare staffing agency released ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:11/27/2015)... , Nov. 27, 2015  Lannett Company, ... it has completed the acquisition of Kremers Urban ... subsidiary of global biopharmaceuticals company UCB S.A. (Euronext: ... Lannett has acquired KU from UCB for ... certain adjustments, including a customary working capital adjustment, ...
(Date:11/26/2015)... 2015 Un nuevo enfoque combina ... el cáncer avanzado.   --> Un ... de Bremachlorin para el cáncer avanzado.   ... con la terapia fotodinámica de Bremachlorin para el cáncer ... --> Clinical Cancer Research . --> ...
(Date:11/26/2015)... 26, 2015 --> ... SyMRI to find optimal contrast weighting of MRI for ... has signed a research agreement with SyntheticMR in order to ... SyMRI, it is possible to generate multiple contrast images from ... patient has left, thus making it possible to both fine ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: