Navigation Links
Male Circumcision Overstated as Deterrent to Global AIDS Pandemic

While previous research has suggested that circumcision 'significantly' cuts HIV risk in men, a new study has found that it is much less important as a deterrent to the global AIDS pandemic than previously thought.

Author John R. Talbott who conducted statistical empirical research across 77 countries of the world conducted the study.

He found that the number of infected prostitutes in a country is the key to explaining the degree to which AIDS has infected the general population.

Prostitute communities are typically very highly infected with the virus themselves, and because of the large number of sex partners they have each year, can act as an engine driving infection rates to unusually high levels in the general population.

He also made two important discoveries.

First, male circumcision, which in previous studies had been found to be important in controlling AIDS, becomes statistically irrelevant once the study controls for the number of prostitutes in a country.

The study finds that the more Muslim countries of North Africa do indeed suffer much less AIDS than southern and western Africa, but this lower prevalence is not due to higher numbers of circumscribed males in these Muslim communities, but rather results from the fact that there are significantly fewer prostitutes in northern Africa on a per capita basis.

In a frequently cited academic paper, Daniel Halperin, an H.I.V. specialist at the Harvard Center for Population and Development and one of the world's leading advocates for male circumcision, weighted results from individual countries by their population. When this artificial weighting was removed Talbott found that circumcision was no longer statistically significant in explaining the variance in AIDS infection rates across the countries of the World.

Second, to date, there has not been an adequate explanation as to why Africa as a continent is experiencing an AIDS epidemic far in excess of any other region of the world with some African countries' prevalence rates exceeding 25 percent of the adult population and tens of millions dying from the disease on the continent.

Talbott's new study suggests that the reason is that Africa as a whole has four times as many prostitutes as the rest of the word and they are more than four times as infected.

Some southern Africa countries have as many as 7 percent of their adult females infected and working as prostitutes while in the developed world typically this percentage of infected prostitutes is less than .1percent.

If these infected prostitutes in Africa sleep with five men in a week that means they are subjecting 35 percent of the country's male population to the virus weekly. The virus is not easy to transmit heterosexually, b ut over time with multiple exposures, infection is inevitable. These men then act as a conduit to bring the virus home to their villages, their other casual sex partners and to their wives.

The study has important policy implications. Several international AIDS organizations have begun to provide funding for male circumcisions as a deterrent to AIDS.

The research is published in the online, open-access, peer-reviewed scientific journal PLoS ONE.


'"/>




Related medicine news :

1. Circumcision Found To Prevent HIV Spread
2. Circumcision More Effective In Reducing The Risk Of HIV Protection
3. Circumcision Ritual May Protect Men From AIDS
4. More News That Circumcision Could Reduce risk of HIV infection
5. Men queue up for Circumcision In Swaziland To Prevent HIV/AIDS
6. Circumcision, Will Have To Wait
7. High Demand For Circumcision In AIDS-Hit Swaziland
8. Female Circumcision Rampant in Africa
9. Circumcision Studies to Continue Says Health Panel
10. Practise Of Male Circumcision In Africa May Reduce HIV Risks
11. Circumcision to Avert HIV Infection
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:


(Date:4/28/2017)... , ... April 28, 2017 , ... Getting enough sleep affects much more than energy ... going just 19 hours without sleep can compromise motor reaction time, which can increase the ... Amica Insurance is sharing the following tips from the NSF to help you sleep better ...
(Date:4/28/2017)... Fairfax, VA (PRWEB) , ... April 28, 2017 , ... ... elected volunteer board members and officers for 2017-2018. The annual board election process has ... serving on a volunteer basis. , Thomas C. Dickerson, Ed.D., FACHE, succeeds Jim Hamilton, ...
(Date:4/28/2017)... ... April 28, 2017 , ... From April ... of Urgent Care Medicine will host industry leaders for the annual spring Convention ... those in the industry adapt to the issues currently affecting urgent care and ...
(Date:4/28/2017)... ... ... Overseer at The House of Yahweh in Abilene, Texas, has published a new post that ... Yisrayl says with so many titles and names for the Creator, it’s hard for many ... Scripture, backed with a lot of research, the truth is undeniable. , “If you ...
(Date:4/28/2017)... York, New York (PRWEB) , ... April 28, ... ... high-quality anti-aging skincare and advanced nutraceutical supplements, through its Nova Skin ... cream provides the hydrating benefits of a moisturizer with the power of an ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:4/18/2017)... , April 18, 2017  Cardinal Health (NYSE: ... 1 fiscal 2017 earnings per share (EPS) guidance ... 2019.  This is in conjunction with this morning,s announcement ... Vein Thrombosis and Nutritional Insufficiency businesses. Cardinal ... continuing operations will be at the bottom of its ...
(Date:4/18/2017)... April 18, 2017 Viverae ® , a ... the integration of IBM ® Watson Campaign Automation, ... targeted communications for a personalized experience. Through digital engagement, ... their health in real time. The enhanced experience drives ... to members, wherever they are in their journey to ...
(Date:4/18/2017)... DIEGO , April 18, 2017  Astute Medical, ... a case series to be presented at the 2017 ... which begins today and continues through April 22. Physicians ... IGFBP-7 , used to assess risk for acute kidney ... decompensated heart failure (ADHF). Elevated levels ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: