Navigation Links
Malaria infection can accelerate HIV infection and disease progression

Malaria and HIV infections are both of great public health importance in tropical countries. James Kublin and his colleagues have found that acute malaria episodes are associated with transient increases of HIV-1 viral load in the blood,// and they speculate that malaria episodes might accelerate HIV-1 disease progression and facilitate transmission.

Evidence is now emerging of the deleterious effects of HIV-1 infection on malaria. In pregnant women HIV-1 is associated with more peripheral and placental malaria, higher parasite densities, more fever, and increased risks of adverse birth outcomes. Researchers had previously worked on seven fold higher HIV-1 viral loads in adults with acute malaria compared with those without, and that this increase resolved over a few weeks after anti-malarial treatment.

35% of the study participants showed an increase in viral load tended to be greater with more severe episodes of malaria infection. Viral load is an important determinant of HIV-1 disease progression, but the average viral load increases reported in the study. Also, most of the increases were temporary, lasting less than 10 weeks, a short time in the context of an average disease course of 8-10 years.

There is evidence that many opportunistic infections are associated with immune activation and higher viral loads. HIV-1 transmission is reported to double for each log rise in viral load. Therefore the effects reported by the researchers might equate with about a 50% increase in transmission during the short period of higher viral load in blood.

Antiretroviral therapy and Co-trimoxazole prophylaxis, both of which might affect the attack rate and severity of malaria. Analyses of existing cohort studies of HIV in malaria prevalent areas would also yield useful information. Given the number of cases of HIV and malaria, even small increases in relative risks of HIV transmission and progression are important. The researcher’s findings are challenging and highlight the need for better integration of health services for HIV and malaria.

Source: Lancet
'"/>




Related medicine news :

1. Malaria strikes Munger tribals
2. Sponging Cattle betters spraying in eradicating Malaria
3. Gene researchers make Malaria-resistant mosquito
4. More Treatment Options For Malaria
5. Scientists Unveil Mechanism Behind Resistance to Severe Malaria
6. Jharkhand reports 13,000 Malaria cases
7. Researchers Discover Protein That Causes Malaria
8. Malarial gene ascertained
9. Artesunate Is Better For Malaria Than Quinine
10. New Strategies For Effective Treatment Of Malaria
11. Chloroquine and Primaquine combination Malarial drug for resistant parasites.
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:


(Date:2/21/2017)... Marne, Michigan (PRWEB) , ... February 21, 2017 ... ... contributions to the United States during Black History Month (officially African American ... additions to many fields of American society of a diverse race of people, ...
(Date:2/21/2017)... ... 21, 2017 , ... CLICKco LLC, a company dedicated to ... now available for purchase on RonnieColemanNutrition.com, a popular website for health and nutritional ... consumers who love coffee but are looking to add more protein to their ...
(Date:2/20/2017)... Boca Raton, FL (PRWEB) , ... February 20, ... ... for creating a patent-pending probiotic supplement that supports the proper levels of “good” ... for purchase on StackedNutrition.com, a popular nutritional products website. , Daily Body ...
(Date:2/20/2017)... (PRWEB) , ... February 20, 2017 , ... ... and check-in, a cloud-based self-service technology that runs on the Posiflex XT-series of ... No. 1076 during HIMSS17 in Orlando, Florida. The terminal provider Posiflex ...
(Date:2/20/2017)... (PRWEB) , ... February 20, 2017 , ... ReportingMD, a Population Health Software Company, is ... of the company. The new location will triple the size of the previous location ... the town of Sunapee, NH. , “We are excited to expand our footprint ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:2/21/2017)... 21, 2017 Mass Spectrometer Market: Overview ... This report on mass spectrometer ... prospects of the market globally. The stakeholders of ... the manufacture and commercialization of various mass spectrometer ... planning to enter this market. This report comprises ...
(Date:2/21/2017)... -- Luminex Corporation (NASDAQ: LMNX ) (the "Company") today ... of a quarterly cash dividend to its shareholders, the first ... payable on April 14, 2017 to shareholders of record as ... The board of directors intends for the Company ... holders of its common stock, representing a planned annual dividend ...
(Date:2/21/2017)... Feb. 21, 2017  Global health services company Cigna ... ® for breast reconstruction surgery and Dermacell ... an advanced acellular dermal matrix developed by LifeNet Health ... NVDQ ) "We are proud ... health-care payers to review the growing base of evidentiary ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: