om an herb indigenous to Asia. Drawing on lessons learned from treating HIV and AIDS, doctors are using artemisinin with other drugs. But production is slow and expensive.
'It's a plant that takes 18 months to grow. You can't just say that you need 20 million doses right now,' Greenwood said.
Without chloroquine and the insecticide DDT — which helped eradicate malaria in the United States and Europe but was ultimately believed by many to cause cancer and harm the environment — anti-malaria campaigners say they've lost two key weapons.
'It's pretty straightforward,' Druilhe said by telephone from Cameroon. 'We have today far less means to control malaria than 50 years ago.'
This means, he said, that 'the next decade will be a very bad decade.'
As for new insecticides, scientists say there are only pockets of resistance in the mosquitoes that carry malaria — at least so far.
'If you had in one place a high level of resistance to both drugs and insecticides, it would be a disaster,' Greenwood said.
Malaria, with over a half billion infections worldwide, is a major contributor to African poverty, scientists say, cutting billions from gross domestic product while weighing on health care systems.
But not all is calamity. Scientists say they've identified a resurgence in public and political interest in malaria over the past decade, a change they ascribe to greater media coverage and increased tourism in countries where the disease is a threat.
Malaria, Greenwood said, 'has dropped into the mainstream.'
Plus, scientists are increasingly banding together to study the problem — as they did this week in Cameroon — while philanthropists like Microsoft founder Bill Gates have donated huge amounts of money to fight the disease.
But Druilhe said more cash is needed. 'There's a need for the developing countries to put some pressure on the rich countries of tPage: 1 2 3 Related medicine news :1
. Malaria strikes Munger tribals2
. Sponging Cattle betters spraying in eradicating Malaria3
. Gene researchers make Malaria-resistant mosquito4
. More Treatment Options For Malaria 5
. Scientists Unveil Mechanism Behind Resistance to Severe Malaria 6
. Jharkhand reports 13,000 Malaria cases 7
. Researchers Discover Protein That Causes Malaria8
. Malarial gene ascertained
. Artesunate Is Better For Malaria Than Quinine10
. New Strategies For Effective Treatment Of Malaria11
. Chloroquine and Primaquine combination Malarial drug for resistant parasites.