Navigation Links
MRI Scans in Premature Infants Can Predict Future Developmental Delays

A Washington University pediatrician at St. Louis Children’s Hospital has found that performing MRI scans on pre-term infants’ brains assists dramatically in predicting// the babies’ future developmental outcomes.

Terrie E. Inder, M.D., associate professor of pediatrics, of radiology and of neurology at Washington University School of Medicine in St. Louis, and pediatric researchers in New Zealand and Australia found that the magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) scans were able to determine abnormalities in the white matter and gray matter of the brains of very pre-term infants, those born at 30 weeks or less. Following the infants from birth to age 2, the researchers were able to grade those abnormalities to predict the risk of severe cognitive delays, psychomotor delays, cerebral palsy, or hearing or visual impairments that may be visible by age 2.

The researchers studied 167 preterm infants in New Zealand and Australia and at St. Louis Children’s Hospital.

Inder said the findings are a breakthrough, because previous technology – cranial ultrasounds – did not show the abnormalities in the infants’ brains.

“With the MRI, now we can understand what’s going wrong in the developing brain when the baby is born early,” Inder said. “We can use the MRI when the baby reaches full-term (40 weeks) to predict neurodevelopmental outcomes.”

More than 2 percent of all live births are infants born before 32 weeks of gestation. Nationwide, the rate of premature births jumped 13 percent between 1992 and 2002, according to the March of Dimes. Recent data show that 50 percent of children born prematurely suffer some neurodevelopmental challenges, such as crawling, walking upright, running, swinging arms, and other activities that require coordination and balance. Among pre-term infants who survive, 5 percent to 15 percent have cerebral palsy, severe vision or hearing impairment or both, and 25 percent to 50 percent have cogniti ve, behavioral and social difficulties that require special educational resources.

The MRI scans show lesions on the infants’ brains, as well as which region of the brain is affected and the severity of the risk for future developmental delays. For example, if a lesion is in the area of the brain that controls fine and gross motor skills, the risk is higher that the child will have some type of developmental delay in movement. Pediatricians would then know that the child would benefit from immediate physical therapy, Inder said.

“We can use these results to determine which baby would benefit most from physical, occupational or speech therapy,” Inder said. “We can also help prepare the parents for future challenges with learning challenges and developmental disabilities.”

(Sorce: Newswise)
'"/>




Related medicine news :

1. Brain Scans Help Predict Alzheimers Disease
2. PET Scans Found To Reveal Hidden Cancers
3. CT Scans Found To Increase The Risk Of Cancer
4. CT Scans Said to Accurately Detect Small Cancers
5. CT Scans Found To Do More Harm Than Good
6. Radiologists Find New CT Scans Useful
7. Consultant Radiologist, Apologized For Misreporting Breast Cancer Scans
8. PET Scans Could Predict Treatment Outcomes In Cancer
9. PET Scans Help In Monitoring Progress of Lung Inflammation
10. Research Scans Explain Why People Crave For Food
11. Hidden Mysteries Of The Universe - US Telescope Scans
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:


(Date:7/21/2017)... ... July 21, 2017 , ... Thomas Jefferson ... Witness , was awarded a $300,000 grant from The Pew Center for Arts ... with ambiguity and the recognition of one’s own limits among health professions students. ...
(Date:7/21/2017)... ... July 21, 2017 , ... ... $5,000 grant from the C. R. Bard Foundation, Inc. to support ... Hills , a service available through the nonprofit home care agency. Using evidence-based ...
(Date:7/21/2017)... ... 21, 2017 , ... In the first prospective ACL reconstruction ... Outcome Network (MOON) demonstrated that patients could perform sports-related functions and maintain a ... over time. The study, presented today at the American Orthopaedic Society for ...
(Date:7/20/2017)... MA (PRWEB) , ... July 20, 2017 , ... ... form of blood and bone marrow cancer that progresses rapidly without treatment. Newly ... recommended to reduce the chance of reoccurrence and relapse. With such a ...
(Date:7/20/2017)... ATLANTA, Ga. (PRWEB) , ... July 20, 2017 , ... ... and equal access to medicine for everyone affected by diabetes, is teaming up with ... the five-day global event kicks off on July 24th. , “Team Type 1’s ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:7/19/2017)...  Mako Medical Laboratories partnered with Secretary Strickland, the ... Fund (MFA) to bring 140 soldiers back home to ... families one last time before being deployed. Mako Medical ... logistics needed for these soldiers. "Mako Medical Laboratories is ... We just wish we could bring them all home," ...
(Date:7/13/2017)...  Centurion Medical Products, a leader in medical product innovation and ... removal device for hospice patient care. ... Centurion Medical Products ... Patient pain management and emotional comfort are part of a ... pain while preventing unneeded emergency department admission due to severe fecal ...
(Date:7/11/2017)... , July 11, 2017 Zymo Research Corp., also known ... that can quantify biological aging in a precise manner using the myDNAge ... Steve Horvath , a professor of human genetics and biostatistics at the ... School of Public Health , Zymo Research,s proprietary DNAge ™ technology ... ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: