Navigation Links
MRI Scans in Premature Infants Can Predict Future Developmental Delays

A Washington University pediatrician at St. Louis Children’s Hospital has found that performing MRI scans on pre-term infants’ brains assists dramatically in predicting// the babies’ future developmental outcomes.

Terrie E. Inder, M.D., associate professor of pediatrics, of radiology and of neurology at Washington University School of Medicine in St. Louis, and pediatric researchers in New Zealand and Australia found that the magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) scans were able to determine abnormalities in the white matter and gray matter of the brains of very pre-term infants, those born at 30 weeks or less. Following the infants from birth to age 2, the researchers were able to grade those abnormalities to predict the risk of severe cognitive delays, psychomotor delays, cerebral palsy, or hearing or visual impairments that may be visible by age 2.

The researchers studied 167 preterm infants in New Zealand and Australia and at St. Louis Children’s Hospital.

Inder said the findings are a breakthrough, because previous technology – cranial ultrasounds – did not show the abnormalities in the infants’ brains.

“With the MRI, now we can understand what’s going wrong in the developing brain when the baby is born early,” Inder said. “We can use the MRI when the baby reaches full-term (40 weeks) to predict neurodevelopmental outcomes.”

More than 2 percent of all live births are infants born before 32 weeks of gestation. Nationwide, the rate of premature births jumped 13 percent between 1992 and 2002, according to the March of Dimes. Recent data show that 50 percent of children born prematurely suffer some neurodevelopmental challenges, such as crawling, walking upright, running, swinging arms, and other activities that require coordination and balance. Among pre-term infants who survive, 5 percent to 15 percent have cerebral palsy, severe vision or hearing impairment or both, and 25 percent to 50 percent have cogniti ve, behavioral and social difficulties that require special educational resources.

The MRI scans show lesions on the infants’ brains, as well as which region of the brain is affected and the severity of the risk for future developmental delays. For example, if a lesion is in the area of the brain that controls fine and gross motor skills, the risk is higher that the child will have some type of developmental delay in movement. Pediatricians would then know that the child would benefit from immediate physical therapy, Inder said.

“We can use these results to determine which baby would benefit most from physical, occupational or speech therapy,” Inder said. “We can also help prepare the parents for future challenges with learning challenges and developmental disabilities.”

(Sorce: Newswise)
'"/>




Related medicine news :

1. Brain Scans Help Predict Alzheimers Disease
2. PET Scans Found To Reveal Hidden Cancers
3. CT Scans Found To Increase The Risk Of Cancer
4. CT Scans Said to Accurately Detect Small Cancers
5. CT Scans Found To Do More Harm Than Good
6. Radiologists Find New CT Scans Useful
7. Consultant Radiologist, Apologized For Misreporting Breast Cancer Scans
8. PET Scans Could Predict Treatment Outcomes In Cancer
9. PET Scans Help In Monitoring Progress of Lung Inflammation
10. Research Scans Explain Why People Crave For Food
11. Hidden Mysteries Of The Universe - US Telescope Scans
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:


(Date:12/8/2016)... ... December 08, 2016 , ... Mirixa Corporation ... adherence, and other pharmacist-delivered patient care services, has announced the promotions of Karen ... to vice president of sales. , Litsinger joined Mirixa in 2008 after ...
(Date:12/8/2016)... (PRWEB) , ... December 08, 2016 , ... David ... with global law firm Greenberg Traurig, LLP, will speak at DeviceTalks West, Dec. 12, ... of the DeviceTalks series, and attorneys from the firm’s global Life Sciences & Medical ...
(Date:12/8/2016)... ... December 08, 2016 , ... Launching ... innovative Unified Instance Manager architecture, meeting the needs of multichannel growth and ... the unattended auto-dialing system without agents, Presence Robodialer, provides greater operational capacity, ...
(Date:12/8/2016)... ... December 08, 2016 , ... STAT courier is pleased to announce that ... for Texas, they are expanding their presence in Dallas. One of the most exciting ... bring new jobs to the Dallas and Forth Worth market. STAT takes pride in ...
(Date:12/8/2016)... ... December 08, 2016 , ... Healthcare is ... Dr. Botelho advocates for the mass media launching of story movements to highlight ... to share their unfortunate experiences; such a movement can generate the network power ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:12/8/2016)...  Valeant Pharmaceuticals International, Inc. (NYSE: ... positive results from a Phase 3, multicenter double-blind, ... and efficacy of IDP-118 (halobetasol propionate and tazarotene) ... Within the Phase 3 study of ... IDP-118 showed statistical significance to vehicle with a ...
(Date:12/8/2016)... Texas , Dec. 8, 2016 ... program that brings leading-edge laboratory services and management ... United States , allowing more doctors and ... health care management solutions. Logo - ... Hospital systems, under pressure to contain ...
(Date:12/8/2016)... Information products and services provider Elsevier has ... the world,s largest abstract and citation database of peer-reviewed literature, providing ... over 5,000 publishers. The new set of metrics will improve decisions ... to adjust a journal,s editorial strategy. ... , , CiteScore metrics ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: