Navigation Links
Lower Fetal Weight Linked to High Distress in Mothers

Fetuses of mothers who show high rates of depression, anxiety and stress weigh less and are smaller than average at midterm, according to a recent study from the University of Miami School of Medicine.//

Psychobiologist Miguel A. Diego and colleagues found that cortisol seems to be one potential mechanism for transmitting a mother’s stress to her unborn baby.

“Maternal distress is accompanied by biochemical changes, such as increased cortisol, that can both directly and indirectly affect the fetus,” Diego said. “Cortisol can directly cross through the placenta into the fetus, which could affect fetal development."

The study, in the September-October issue of Psychosomatic Medicine, may shed light on previous findings that women with prenatal depression, anxiety or stress are more likely to deliver premature and low birth weight babies.

Cortisol “can also affect the mother’s vascular function, thereby reducing blood flow to the fetus, which could affect fetal growth by diminishing the amount of oxygen and nutrients that are delivered,” Diego said.

Ninety-eight women, between 16 and 29 weeks pregnant, took part in the study, which ran from September 1999 to January 2003. They were recruited from the prenatal clinic of the University of Miami Hospital and were predominantly of lower to lower-middle socioeconomic status.

The mothers completed questionnaires that measured overall levels of distress from daily hassles, depression and anxiety. Researchers used clinical ultrasound for fetal measurements and monitored levels of the hormones cortisol and norepinephrine in urine samples.

After analyzing the effects of demographics, maternal distress and hormonal levels, “prenatal cortisol was the only significant predictor of fetal weight,” the researchers found.

Diego said that the mother-fetal interaction is very well protected in most instances. It is only extreme levels of depres sion and anxiety that can affect the fetus.

“One of the things this research highlights is that if you are pregnant and under extreme amounts of stress or feeling depressed, you should talk with your doctor about ways of treating these conditions during pregnancy,” Diego said.

Larry Gray, a pediatrician at the University of Chicago Comer Children’s Hospital, said that Diego and his colleagues are at the frontier of trying to understand how a mother’s mental health, or state of mind, affects her baby. Gray was not involved with the study.

“I think this is a great study,” Gray said. “This association has been known clinically, but this is the first study where one has looked at a mother’s altered cortisol patterns before birth and how that affects the baby before it is born.”



Sourc-Newswise
SRM
'"/>




Related medicine news :

1. Simvastatin Plus Niacin May Lower Heart Risks
2. Ritalin May Lower Cocaine Abuse
3. Eating More Often May Help Lower Cholesterol
4. Lower surgical volume linked to higher death rate
5. Lowering blood pressure beneficial for PAD patients
6. Lower chance of bone fracture with Vitamin D supplementation
7. Tea Pill Lowers Cholesterol
8. Aspirin Lowers Leukemia Risk
9. Almonds Help Lower Cholesterol
10. Lowering Risk of Breast Cancer Recurrence
11. Drug to Lower Cholesterol Underused
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:


(Date:4/28/2017)... ... April 28, 2017 , ... Ushio America ... lamps offer an instant energy-saving solution for F32T8 fluorescent lamps on most instant-start ... ballasts. These 50,000 hour rated lamps utilize the existing electronic ballast, saving labor ...
(Date:4/28/2017)... (PRWEB) , ... April 28, 2017 , ... The Texas ... in recently to the labor and delivery team at Women’s Hospital at Renaissance in ... who give birth at the hospital and decide to donate. , “Women’s Hospital ...
(Date:4/28/2017)... ... ... Bill Howe started his sewer and drain company in 1980 focusing heavily ... team, the Bill Howe brand was born and they began cultivating their mission to ... the San Diego community in which they worked, lived and were raising their daughters. ...
(Date:4/28/2017)... ... , ... Intellitec Solutions announced the publication of a case ... GP solution that integrates to their PointClickCare EHR software package. With the guidance ... Grove now has the capability to achieve its goal for a comprehensive EHR ...
(Date:4/28/2017)... ... April 28, 2017 , ... Semrock’s ... is the premier online modeling resource for fluorescence microscopists and optical system designers, ... during last 5 years spanning the globe, SearchLight has become a tremendously popular ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:4/20/2017)... April 20, 2017  Zimmer Biomet Holdings, Inc. (NYSE ... today announced that it will be participating in the ... the InterContinental Hotel in Boston, Massachusetts ... present at 11:20 a.m. Eastern Time. A ... Zimmer Biomet,s Investor Relations website at http://investor.zimmerbiomet.com .  ...
(Date:4/20/2017)... DUBLIN , April 20, 2017 Research ... Delivery Technologies - Innovation Driven by Rapidly Expanding Injectables Market and ... to their offering. ... market for drug delivery technologies will rise from USD 20 Billion ... Global Drug Delivery Technologies - Innovation Driven by Rapidly ...
(Date:4/20/2017)...  AbbVie (NYSE: ABBV), a global biopharmaceutical company, ... hepatitis C virus (HCV) infected patients with genotype ... cirrhosis (Child-Pugh A) achieved sustained virologic response at ... investigational, pan-genotypic regimen of glecaprevir/pibrentasvir (G/P). These high ... weeks of G/P treatment without ribavirin. Patients with ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: