Navigation Links
Liver Regeneration may Be Simpler Than Previously Thought

The way the liver renews itself may be simpler than what scientists// had been assuming. A new study provide information on the inner workings of cells from regenerating livers. It could significantly affect the way physicians make livers regrow in patients with liver diseases such as cirrhosis, hepatitis, or cancer.

"The human liver is one of the few organs in the body that can regenerate from as little as 25 percent of its tissue," says Seth Karp, assistant professor of surgery at Harvard Medical School, Boston, and main author of the study. "It is not known how the liver does it, but our results provide some details of what makes the liver so unique."

Although organ regeneration has been observed in many animals, the details of how it happens at the cellular level are still not completely understood. So far, scientists have shown that cells that participate in tissue regeneration behave as if they were part of a growing organ in an embryo. In other words, the cells act as if the liver is growing, as do other organs in a developing embryo.

Many of the proteins that induce organ regeneration have been identified and scientists are now trying to make organs regrow by stimulating these proteins. Regrowing livers this way would be especially useful for patients whose livers are so damaged – say, by a tumor that has spread to most of the liver – that a large part would be removed. Unless such patients receive the right amount of liver transplant from an organ donor, they do not always survive. Quickly stimulating the growth of the remaining portion of their liver could be their only chance of survival.

To investigate how the liver regenerates, Karp and his colleagues set out to determine which proteins are involved in the regenerating cells. The scientists were also interested in testing whether regenerating cells behave like embryonic ones, as is commonly assumed for other organs. New processes may explain why the liver is so uniquely capable of renewal and repair after injury, the scientists thought.

Karp's team considered two samples of mice. The first consisted of embryonic mice at various stages of development while the second was composed of adult mice to which two-thirds of their liver were removed. Using techniques such as DNA microarrays – which determine which genes are active in a cells – and software programs that analyze the collected information, the scientists listed all the proteins that help the cells grow and proliferate in both samples.

The results were unexpected. The researchers noticed that only a few proteins were common to both processes. Proteins called transcription factors, which affect DNA in the cell's nucleus, were highly involved in the development of embryos' livers but not in adult liver regeneration. Instead, proteins that help cells proliferate were active in both the developing and regenerating livers.

These findings showed that a regenerating liver does not behave as a developing embryo. Instead, regeneration could actually be only due to an increase in cells that multiply through regular cell divisions, a process called hyperplasia.

The new results may also have important medical implications. Transcription factors are known to be more difficult to manipulate than the other identified proteins. Since the transcription factors were not present in regenerating livers, it might be easier to stimulate liver regeneration by only activating the other identified proteins.

"These results are very encouraging," Karp says. "Not only did we discover that the number of proteins involved in liver regeneration is relatively low, but they don't include transcription factors, so we may be closer to being able to stimulate liver regeneration than we thought."

The next step will be for scientists to understand whether the regenerating cells are stem cells. Studies have shown that adult stem cells are involved in the repair of many organs, but in the case of the liver, the cells repairing it through regeneration may simply be regular cells, not stem cells.

"We think that the liver regrows through a relatively simple process, which could explain its prodigious ability to repair itself," Karp says.

Source-Eurekalert
SR/V
'"/>




Related medicine news :

1. Blood Cells Capable of Regenerating Liver
2. Liver donors can thrive after transplant
3. Heavy Drinking Raises Risk of Liver Cancer
4. Arthritis Drug May Cause Liver Damage
5. Liver transplant oversight urged
6. Liver key to extending life
7. Liver cancers which spread are linked to a particular gene
8. Liver diseases: The enemy with an accomplice
9. Troubled Childhood found to affect your Liver
10. New Liver Tumor Treatment
11. Transplants Help Liver Cancer Patients
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:


(Date:5/24/2017)... ... , ... Rob Lowe is a sought after actor, and also serves as ... public important topics from all aspects of life, and a new segment is being ... and ankles. , Podiatry is essential to people’s overall well-being, and if viewers have ...
(Date:5/24/2017)... , ... May 24, 2017 , ... ... fluoride (PVDF) based sleep diagnostics sensors, announced today it had completed the first ... of a mix of domestic and rest of world (ROW) authorized dealers specializing ...
(Date:5/23/2017)... ... May 23, 2017 , ... ... medical device sectors, today announced the winners of its 3rd Annual ELITE Awards. ... most influential people in the healthcare industry today. , Out of more than ...
(Date:5/23/2017)... (PRWEB) , ... May 23, 2017 , ... ... certification body for exercise professionals, is pleased to announce the organization’s Certified Strength ... , The NCSF Certified Strength Coach (CSC) program validates the competency of qualified ...
(Date:5/23/2017)... ... May 23, 2017 , ... ... educating patients on peri-implantitis in Las Vegas, NV, and the importance ... custom gum disease consultation and leading care for peri-implantitis, with or without a ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:5/8/2017)... MACRA replaces the outdated sustainable growth ... reimbursement. Black Book Research crowdsource-surveyed 8,845 physician practices from ... Market for MIPS Compliance Technology is Booming ... 3 or more clinicians seek to buy Merit-Based Incentive ... magnitude of the changes, the hunt is on for ...
(Date:5/6/2017)... , May 5, 2017   Provista , a ... more than 200,000 customers, today announced Jim Cunniff ... wealth of executive and business experience to Provista, including most ... pharmacy in California . He assumed his ... "Jim is a great fit for Provista," says Jody ...
(Date:5/6/2017)... , May 5, 2017  Hill-Rom Holdings, Inc. (NYSE: ... approximately 100,000 square feet to its Welch Allyn campus. ... its commitment to bring more than 100 new jobs ... Welch Allyn has maintained a significant presence for more ... these new positions, a large portion of which will ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: