In the quest of newer ways to better minimally invasive surgery, physicians at UT Southwestern Medical Center and engineers at UT Arlington// have joined heads to bring about a system that works by magnetically maneuvering surgical instruments into the abdomen, via the belly button or throat.
“A fixed hole has a limited working envelope that is conical in shape,” said Dr. Jeffrey Cadeddu, associate professor of urology and radiology and director of the Clinical Center for Minimally Invasive Treatment of Urologic Cancer.
He and his colleagues describe the new surgical concept, called the Magnetic Anchoring and Guidance System, in the March edition of Annals of Surgery.
The idea of using magnets to manipulate the instruments in the abdominal cavity was formulated after Dr. Cadeddu watched a television show featuring teens who used magnets to hold studs on their lips to avoid getting their lips pierced.
“Once you think about, it’s an obvious thing,” said Dr. Cadeddu, whose team of urologists and surgeons worked with engineers from UTA’s Automation and Robotics Research Institute and the Texas Manufacturing Assistance Center to build the prototype.
The system uses a stack of magnets outside the abdomen to attract other magnets attached to laparoscopic instruments inside the abdomen. Surgeons can then move the outside magnets to position an internal camera at the best spot for seeing or to move a retractor or other surgical instrument.
Once optimally positioned, the instruments can be locked in place. That allows a much greater range of maneuverability and the surgical team can more easily reposition the camera or instrument, said Dr. Cadeddu.
In animal studies, surgeons have been able to successfully remove a kidney using the Magnetic Anchoring and Guidance System.
While working on the system, Dr. Daniel Scott, assistant professor of surgery, joined UT Southwestern as director of the SouthwesPage: 1 2 Related medicine news :1
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