Navigation Links
Laws That Make Parental Consent Mandatory Reduce Risky Sexual Behavior

A Florida State University law professor says that laws, which require minors to seek parental consent before abortion, are likely to reduce risky sexual behavior// in this segment of the society. Jonathan Klick, the Jeffrey A. Stoops Professor of Law, and Thomas Stratmann, professor of economics at George Mason University examined the prevailing rates of gonorrhea before concluding that laws seeking parental consent may play an important role.

The researchers found that teen gonorrhea rates dropped by an average of 20 percent for Hispanic girls and 12 percent for white girls in states where parental notification laws were in effect. The results were not statistically significant for black girls. The study will be published in an upcoming edition of The Journal of Law Economics and Organization.

"Incentives matter," Klick said. "They matter even in activities as primal as sex, and they matter even among teenagers, who are conventionally thought to be short-sighted. If the expected costs of risky sex are raised, teens will substitute less risky activities such as protected sex or abstinence."

In this case, the incentive for teens is to avoid having to tell their parents about a pregnancy by substituting less risky sex activities. In doing so, the researchers say, the rates of gonorrhea among girls under the age of 20 went down.

"This suggests that Hispanic and white teenage girls are forward looking in their sex decisions, and they systematically view informing their parents and obtaining parental consent as additional costs in obtaining an abortion, inducing them to engage in less risky sex when parental involvement laws are adopted," Klick said. "Unfortunately, the data do not allow us to differentiate between the possibility that teens engage in less sex or they simply have the same amount of sex but are more fastidious in their condom use."

The researchers ruled out the possibility that teens simply substitu te risky sexual behaviors for which pregnancy is not a concern, such as oral or anal intercourse, because these activities still could transmit gonorrhea. The use of birth control pills also would not protect against the sexually transmitted disease.

The researchers used data from the Centers for Disease Control to determine the rates of gonorrhea for women by age and race for the years 1981 through 1998. Gonorrhea rates for teenage girls were compared to those of women 20 and older whose behavior would not be affected by the notification and consent laws. Using the rate of gonorrhea among older women as a control, the researchers were able to ensure that the decline in incidence among the teens was not simply reflective of an overall decline of the disease in the state.

Forty-four states, including Florida, have adopted laws requiring minors to obtain consent or notify one or both parents prior to an abortion, but the laws have been blocked by the courts or otherwise not yet enforced in nine of those states, according to the Center for Reproductive Rights.

Source-Eurekalert
RAS
'"/>




Related medicine news :

1. Parental Behavior And Movies Can Alter Perceptions About Smoking
2. Children With Facial Anomalies Are Affected By Parental Tensions
3. Parental Knowledge Of RSV Infections Is Vital
4. Parental Conflict Can Lead to Sleep Disorders in Children
5. Parental Conflicts Lead To Emotional Insecurity In Children
6. Parental Supervision Reduces Likelihood of Teenagers Having Sex in the Afternoon
7. Poland: Parental warning systems are likely to be adopted in video games.
8. Parental Domestic Violence Contributes To Adolescent Depression
9. Parental Role In Embryo-Selection Urged
10. Parental Time Influences Children’s Nutritio
11. Treat Childhood Trauma by Building on Parental Memories of Loving Care
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:


(Date:2/13/2016)... ... February 13, 2016 , ... When an Au Pair comes all the way ... they are in for and they are often worried things won’t go well. More often ... for. This year’s Au Pair of the Year winner’s all commented how their Au Pairs ...
(Date:2/12/2016)... ... February 12, 2016 , ... According to an ... beginning to account for a significant portion of hernia repairs throughout the United States. ... Beverly Hills Hernia Center notes that this trend has not only been expected, but ...
(Date:2/12/2016)... WA, and Washington, DC (PRWEB) , ... ... ... PATH and the Siemens Foundation today announced a new initiative—the Siemens Foundation-PATH ... for low-resource settings. The partnership will recruit top students from U.S. universities ...
(Date:2/12/2016)... ... February 12, 2016 , ... Fixed Dose Combination ... 3:00 p.m. EST, http://www.fdanews.com/fixeddosecombination , Fixed dose combination ... garnering increased attention from all stakeholders in the development of new chemical entities. ...
(Date:2/12/2016)... CULVER CITY, California (PRWEB) , ... February 12, 2016 , ... ... to announce their participation in Red Carpet Events LA GRAMMY’s Style Lounge Event. Coco ... and healthy way to stay hydrated before the big event. The invitation-only gifting suite, ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:2/12/2016)... 12, 2016  Aralez Pharmaceuticals Inc. (Nasdaq: ARLZ ... Company will ring the Nasdaq Closing Bell at the ... at 4:00 p.m. ET on Tuesday, February ... Adrian Adams , will perform the honorary ... 4:00 p.m. ET.  A live webcast will be available ...
(Date:2/12/2016)... Ungarn, February 12, 2016 ... sich auf den ungedeckten medizinischen Bedarf bei ... Ergebnisse seines klinischen Forschungsprogramms bekannt. Das Programm, ... ergab Verbesserungen ihrer respiratorischen Funktionen und anderer ... , ein Medizintechnikunternehmen, das sich auf den ...
(Date:2/11/2016)... , Feb. 11, 2016 Stem cells ... are characterized by self-renewal and the capacity to differentiate ... relatively new discovery, as the first mouse embryonic stem ... was not until 1995 that the first culturing of ... stem cells were not produced until 2006 As a ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: