Navigation Links
Key Signaling Switch Identified in Allergic Disease

A research team has identified a key enzyme responsible for triggering a chain of events that results in allergic reaction, according to new study findings published online// this week in Nature Immunology.

The work by researchers from Virginia Commonwealth University, the Hospital for Special Surgery and Weill Cornell Medical College in New York sets the stage for development of new strategies and target therapies that control allergic disease – the sixth leading cause of chronic disease in the United States.

Allergic diseases such as asthma and hay fever are problematic for about 30 percent of the population in the developed world. Researchers have developed various treatments to control allergy, but no cure has been found.

The team has demonstrated, for the first time, the role of a proteolytic enzyme called ADAM10 that releases a major allergy regulatory protein from the surface of cells and thereby promotes a stronger allergic response. The identification of drugs that inhibit ADAM10’s ability to release this molecule could revolutionize treatment of asthma and allergic disease.

“Our research, for the first time, may represent a treatment strategy to prevent, rather than simply control IgE-mediated allergy,” said Daniel Conrad, Ph.D., a professor in VCU’s Department of Microbiology and Immunology. Conrad directed the research conducted at VCU. IgE is an antibody known to trigger Type I allergic disease.

“Understanding ADAM10’s role in allergic disease makes it a potential target for the design of drugs to treat asthma and allergic disease,” he said.

According to Conrad, the outcome of allergic disease can be modulated by high levels of the regulatory protein, known as CD23, which ultimately results in a decreased production of IgE. He said that when the regulatory protein is released from the cell surface by ADAM10 there is an increase in the production of IgE and therefore, increased al lergy.

“These exciting results extend the known functions of ADAMs in development and disease. We hope our results will stimulate new research into how to block or activate the function of ADAMs involved in human disease, including allergic response, cancer and rheumatoid arthritis,” said Carl P. Blobel, M.D., Ph.D, chair of the Arthritis and Tissue Degeneration Program at the Hospital for Special Surgery, and professor of Medicine and of Physiology and Biophysics at Weill Cornell Medical College. Blobel directed the research conducted at Weill Cornell.

According to Blobel, in addition to the critical role of ADAM10 in allergic disease through processing of CD23, ADAMs are also key molecules in cancer and rheumatoid arthritis. For example, he said, ADAMs are essential for activating the epidermal growth factor receptor, an established target for the treatment of cancers, such as colon cancer. Moreover, ADAMs release tumor necrosis factor alpha, currently the major target for treatment of rheumatoid arthritis.

Since the 1970s Conrad has been investigating the basic mechanism involved in allergic disease. Blobel has been investigating ADAM proteases since their discovery in the early 1990s.


Related medicine news :

1. Chemical Signaling Helps Regulate Sensory Map Formation In The Brain
2. Hh Signaling May Play Role In Fat Formation
3. Birth Defects Caused By Deficiencies In Cell Signaling Pathway
4. Lake Superior in US Losing Ice Cover Fast, Signaling Global Warming
5. Switching drugs regularly improves HIV treatment
6. Protein acts as "Master Switch" that cuts off cells Cancer-Growth machinery
7. In The Habit Of Taking Painkillers For Your Chronic Headache? Time To Switch Over
8. Unusual Tumor-Suppressor Gene Switches Off in Lung Cancer
9. Switching Off Protein Could Play Key Role In Success Of Radiation Therapy For Cancer
10. Reduced Weight Gain Is Seen In People Who Switch To A Vegetarian Diet
11. Breast Cancer Treatment Switches to more Modern Therapy
Post Your Comments:

(Date:11/29/2015)... Ca (PRWEB) , ... November 29, 2015 , ... Khanna ... American Board of Ophthalmology on November 25th 2015. Peer Certification by the ... field of his specialty. Certification in Ophthalmology is first obtained after the completion of ...
(Date:11/29/2015)... ... November 29, 2015 , ... Effective immediately, every single IguanaMed scrub style will ... Friday Target is offering a “Buy One Scrub Set, Get the 2nd Scrub Set ... purchase IguanaMed at a discounted price. , IguanaMed’s mission is to outfit ...
(Date:11/28/2015)... ... ... Trying to relax on a couch can actually be uncomfortable, so an ... due to personal experience with a bad back," he said. , This easy-to-use, versatile ... as increases support. It also makes it easier to eat, do other activities and ...
(Date:11/27/2015)... ... ... According to an article published November 13th on, much ... revolved around the fact that proper dental care, both at-home and in the dental ... periodontal disease (more commonly referred to as gum disease) and diabetes. According to Dr. ...
(Date:11/27/2015)... NC (PRWEB) , ... November 27, 2015 , ... A ... effective ways to treat it. Surviving Mesothelioma has just posted the findings on ... at University Hospital Zurich analyzed the cases of 136 mesothelioma patients who were treated ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:11/26/2015)... Research and Markets ( ) has announced the ... Type (Dressings, Therapy Devices, Active Wound Care), Application (Surgical ... Geography - Global Forecast to 2020" report to ... --> The purpose of this report is to ... advanced wound care market. It involves deep dive analysis ...
(Date:11/26/2015)... ) has ... Market by Type (Reagents & Kits, Analyzers), ... Diagnostic Labs), Application (Research, Clinical Diagnostics), and ... report to their offering. --> ... the "Radioimmunoassay Market by Type (Reagents ...
(Date:11/25/2015)... 25, 2015  The American Academy of Pediatrics ... and the March of Dimes cheered today,s signature ... Infants Act of 2015 (S.799), which takes ... born exposed to drugs, such as opioids, and ... all three organizations have worked together leading advocacy ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: