Washington, DC-New survey undertaken among eighty countries has found that the Iraqi public portrays the highest levels of intolerance of foreigners and other social // out-groups. Ethnic solidarity seems to be at an all time high. It is clear that Iraq completely depends on restoration of order and security, along with emergence of democracy, which might set the record straight in an otherwise embittered and torn Iraqi nation. The analysis is an outcome of the surveys conducted in Iraq in 2004 and 2006 as part of the World Values Survey.
The research findings appear in an article coauthored by Ronald Inglehart (University of Michigan), Mansoor Moaddel (Eastern Michigan University) and Mark Tessler (University of Michigan), entitled "Xenophobia and In-Group Solidarity in Iraq: A Natural Experiment on the Impact of Insecurity." The article appears in the September 2006 issue of Perspectives on Politics, a journal of the American Political Science Association. It is online at: /imgtest/PerspectivesSep06_Inglehart.pdf
In addition to recent terrorism and the instability following the 2003 invasion the authors consider the impact of Saddam Hussein's repressive rule, which differentially affected ethnic groups in Iraq. Broadly speaking, "the Arab regions of Iraq show levels of xenophobia that are almost twice as high as those found in the Kurdish region"-even as the Kurds still show "one of the world's highest levels of xenophobia" compared to other countries.
Since 9/11 thousands of lives have been lost to terrorist attacks around the world. More than half these deaths have been in Iraq, leading to "widespread feelings that life has become unpredictable and society is falling apart" as well as "a severe sense of existential insecurity" on the part of the Iraqi public. Accordingly, 59% of all Iraqis strongly agree that life in Iraq is unpredictable and dangerous today.
The full impact of this collective trauma is evidentPage: 1 2 3 Related medicine news :1
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