Navigation Links
Infants have better iron reserves if umbilical cord clamping is delayed

Nutritionists at the University of California have found that even a two-minute delay in severing a baby's umbilical cord can help the child's iron //reserves and offset anemia for months.

Iron deficiency is a concern for both wealthy and poor nations. It is a problem particularly in developing countries, where half of all children become anemic during their first year, putting them at risk of serious developmental problems that may not be reversible, even with iron treatments.

Results of the study, conducted by UC Davis nutrition professor Kathryn Dewey and nutrition graduate student Camila Chaparro at a large obstetrical hospital in Mexico City, will be published June 17 in the British medical journal The Lancet.

"By simply delaying cord clamping for this brief time, we can provide the infant with the extra blood, and the iron it contains, from the placenta," said Dewey, an expert in maternal and infant nutrition. "This is an efficient, low-cost way to intervene at birth without harm to the infant or the mother."

She noted that although iron deficiency is a greater problem in developing countries, it is also a serious issue in industrialized nations like the United States, particularly for low-income and minority families and in lower birth-weight infants or babies born to iron-deficient mothers.

The umbilical-cord clamping procedure halts blood flow from the placenta to the infant in preparation for cutting the umbilical cord. During the past century, it became common practice to clamp the cord about 10 seconds after the baby's shoulders are delivered. However, there has been little scientific research to justify such rapid clamping.

The previous studies conducted on delaying clamping have indicated no risk and some significant benefits to later clamping.

In the UC Davis study, the researchers set out to specifically evaluate whether delayed clamping improves iron status of ful l-term, normal-birth-weight infants during their first six months. The researchers also examined whether delayed clamping has greater impact among children who are already at increased risk of developing iron deficiency due to low birth weight or an iron-deficient mother.

The 16-month-long study was conducted at Hospital de Gineco Obstetrica in Mexico City, in collaboration with Mexico's National Institute of Public Health. A total of 476 normal-weight, full-term infants and their mothers were involved in the study. Each mother-child pair was randomly assigned to have the umbilical cord clamped at either 10 seconds or two minutes after the baby's shoulders were delivered.

Data on the infants' diet, growth and illnesses were collected when the children were 2, 4 and 6 months old. Iron status of the babies also was measured at birth and at the end of the study.

Of the original group, 358 mother-child pairs completed the study.

The study revealed that a two-minute delay in cord clamping at birth significantly increased the child's iron status at 6 months of age, and it documented for the first time that the beneficial effects of delayed cord clamping last beyond the age of 3 months.

This also was the first study to show that the impact of delayed clamping is enhanced in infants that have low birth weights, are born to iron-deficient mothers, or do not receive baby formula or iron-fortified milk.

"The data show that the two-minute delay in cord clamping increased the child's iron reserve by 27-47 mg of iron, which is equivalent to one to two months of infant iron requirements," Dewey said. "This could help to prevent iron deficiency from developing before 6 months of age, when iron-fortified foods could be introduced."

Dewey and Chaparro are planning their next stage of research: developing practical guidelines for incorporating the delayed clamping of the umbilical cord into sta ndard obstetric practice in various settings.

The UC Davis study was funded by the Thrasher Research Fund and a grant from the U.S. Fulbright program.

(Source : Eureka)
'"/>




Related medicine news :

1. Banning Smoking in the Home Helps Infants
2. Benefits of Nitric Oxide in the Treatment of Premature Infants
3. New Technique to Study Infants Brain.
4. Limiting Infants Exposure To Smoke At Home
5. fMRI Offers Insight Into An Infants Brain
6. Drug Used To Improve Lung Function In Infants Could Slow Down Motor Coordination
7. Infants going to day-care may have lower risk of leukemia
8. Infants at lower risk from digestive disease if introduced to cereal early
9. New Blood Test To Detect Iron Level In Infants
10. Infants must be put to sleep in separate beds to prevent SIDS
11. Plump Infants Getting Obese Later In Life In More Cases
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:


(Date:5/28/2016)... ... ... May 26, 2016- In search of the K. Warriors, Shaolin Institute is ... Warriors” on June 4, 2016 at Ashbury Hotel and Suites 600 West Interstate 65 ... by Shaolin Institute and sanctioned by KSF (Kungfu Sanda Federation), This is the 28th ...
(Date:5/27/2016)... ... May 27, 2016 , ... Two director-level employees of Horizon ... to Women and Industry (TWIN) 2016 honorees. The award recognizes businesswomen who excel ... year, Geri Boone, Director of the MLTSS (Managed Long-Term Services and Supports) Program at ...
(Date:5/27/2016)... ... May 27, 2016 , ... ... installment is bolstered by inspiring human-interest stories, courtesy of awareness-driven celebrities and thought ... industry, from leading advocates, associations and industry leaders such as Bioness. , ...
(Date:5/27/2016)... PALMYRA, Wis. (PRWEB) , ... May 27, 2016 ... ... over $90,000 in scholarships to students studying complementary medicine. Allison Outerbridge is this ... She accepted her award on May 18 at the university’s Student Leadership Awards ...
(Date:5/26/2016)... ... May 26, 2016 , ... Cabot Corporation, Pfizer, and 3M ... to court documents and SEC filings. A jury has returned a verdict ... Optical Corporation, Case No. BC588866, Los Angeles County, California. The jury awarded $22.8 ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:5/27/2016)... , May 27, 2016 ... biopharmaceutical company focused on late-stage drug development, today ... Pharma of pivotal batches required for registration ... Administration (FDA). This follows Kitov,s announcement ... trial successfully met its primary efficacy endpoint. ...
(Date:5/26/2016)... May 26, 2016 TARE ... Both Cost Savings and Overall Decreased Use ... BTG), an international specialist healthcare company, has today ... 21st Annual Meeting of ISPOR (International Society for ... hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) using yttrium-90 glass microspheres is ...
(Date:5/25/2016)... GERMANTOWN, Maryland , May 25, 2016 /PRNewswire/ ... dringenden Bedarf zur Steuerung ... N.V. (NASDAQ: QGEN ; Frankfurt Prime ... Entwicklungsvereinbarung mit Therawis Diagnostics GmbH zur Entwicklung und ... sein. Ein erstes Projekt wird die Entwicklung und ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: