Navigation Links
Hope After Spinal Cord Injuries

Research by University of Iowa professor, Richard Shields, Ph.D. can provide a ray of hope for a cure for patients with spinal cord injury// (SCI).

Virtually every SCT patient foresees a bleak future with severe osteoporosis and muscle atrophy continually haunting him or her. Loss of bone mineral density up to the extent of 30 percent has often been demonstrated making the paralyzed limbs of such patients especially vulnerable to fracture.

In addition, excess calcium leached from the bones into the blood can lead to secondary problems such as multiple fractures leading to amputation, and kidney problems caused by which further deteriorates the health of these SCI patients. Therefore maintaining the bone integrity has important implications for improving the health of SCI patients.

After their study, Shields and his colleagues have concluded that long-term treatment with electrical stimulation and early intervention can significantly decrease the loss of bone mineral density (BMD) in such patients.

Electrical stimulation has been shown to increase muscle contraction while exerting mechanical loading greater than body weight on the targeted bone. This method of therapeutic stress keeps the skeletal system healthy, thereby improving the patient's health quality while preventing secondary complications at the same time. The team from the University of Iowa used a computer-controlled device that delivered defined, measurable doses of load, approxmately1.5 times the body weight to the tibia of one leg of each participant. Normal exercise principles were followed, training the targeted muscle and bone close to20 to 30 minutes each day, five days a week.

Towards the end of the three-year studies it was found that BMD for the stimulated limbs was about 32 percent greater than the unstimulated limb, on an average. In addition, the cross-sectional area of trained muscles was about 30 percent larger than those of the untraine d muscles. Trained muscles could also generate about 50 percent more force than the untrained muscles.

The results of the study are published in the January 11 issue of the Journal of Neurophysiology and the March 1 issue of Spine.

These studies are unique because of the early intervention with mechanical loading after SCI that is within six months of their injury. Also, the studies were conducted over a period of three years, which mostly covers the period of rapid BMD loss in SCI patients. In addition, the experiment was quite focused, with only one muscle and bone examined and only for one leg of each participant, thereby making the effects clearly observable.

The findings are useful to preserve the musculoskeletal system after SCI. Future studies must consider efficient methods to deliver such therapeutic stresses to the entire lower extremity.

They may also be useful for astronauts who experience bone loss and muscle wasting due to long periods spent in low gravity.

Related medicine news :

1. Cholesterol Drug Helps After Angioplasty
2. Bone Strength After Menopause
3. Indians Stay Away from Coke, Pepsi After Toxin Scare
4. Less Pain After Tonsillectomy
5. Reducing The After Effects of Tonsillectomy
6. PET Scan May Be Beneficial After Cancer Treatment
7. Fertility After Testicular Cancer Questioned
8. Reducing The Risk Of Fractures After a Heart Transplant
9. Life After Testicular Cancer
10. Restoration Of Fertility After Cancer Treatment
11. Continuation Of Medication After Heart Surgery Very Important
Post Your Comments:

(Date:11/25/2015)... ... November 25, 2015 , ... “While riding the bus, I ... Bronx, N.Y. “I thought there had to be a convenient and comfortable way to ... The PROTECTOR enables disabled individuals to safely travel during cold or inclement weather. In ...
(Date:11/25/2015)... , ... November 25, 2015 , ... ... (PHA) announces the nation’s Periwinkle Pioneers, individuals and groups responsible for advancing care ... disease. The Periwinkle Pioneers, nominated by the public, will receive special recognition throughout ...
(Date:11/25/2015)... ... November 25, 2015 , ... ... philanthropic seniors, is resulting in a way for homeless people to have a ... have launched a new initiative whereby they are repurposing plastic bags into sleeping ...
(Date:11/25/2015)... ... November 25, 2015 , ... Since its launch in 2012, ... adult stem cell therapies to patients with chronic degenerative medical conditions. Now, the ... Registered Trademark (RTM). , Organizations are required to hold a registered trademark in ...
(Date:11/24/2015)... ... November 25, 2015 , ... Genesis Chiropractic Software ... software creates an agreement between the practice owner and the patient that automatically ... notification, and projections. Click here to learn more. , ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:11/24/2015)... FRANCISCO , Nov. 24, 2015  Thanks to ... Dignity Health St. Mary,s Medical Center,s Sister Diane Grassilli ... breast imaging capabilities in San Francisco ... an anonymous friend, stepped forward with a gift of ... for Breast Digital Mammography with Tomosynthesis and Whole Breast ...
(Date:11/24/2015)... Colo. , Nov. 24, 2015  Array ... that its Chief Executive Officer, Ron Squarer ... Healthcare Conference in New York.  The public is ... webcast on the Array BioPharma website.Event:Piper Jaffray Annual ... , Wednesday, December 2, 2015Time:1:30 p.m. Eastern Time ...
(Date:11/24/2015)... HOUSTON, TX and VANCOUVER, Nov. 24, 2015 /PRNewswire/ ... EPI; NASDAQ: EPIX ) announced today that the ... clinical study of EPI-506 as a treatment for metastatic ... States and Canada.  --> ... --> In the Phase 1/2 clinical trial, ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: