The ill-effects of mosquito bites on the health of people living in Africa is well known, and a recent study into this, has shown the positive impact on health// of women and children, including expectant mothers, when they chose to sleep under the insecticide-treated nets. Infact expectant mothers are more likely to deliver healthy babies, if adequate protection against mosquito bites is enabled.
Mosquitoes that carry malaria parasites are most active at night. The pest-killing nets result in fewer malaria infections, miscarriages and stillbirths among mothers-to-be and fewer cases of low birth weight among their newborns.
Treated nets “should be included in strategies to try to reduce the adverse effects of malaria in pregnant women in endemic areas,” say review authors led by Dr. Carrol Gamble of the University of Liverpool in England.
Each year, in malaria-prone regions of Africa, an estimated 10,000 pregnant women and 200,000 infants die as a result of malaria infection, making it the primary cause of mortality in children under five, according to the World Health Organization.
Adults generally have some acquired immunity, but when a woman becomes pregnant the parasites tend to congregate in the placenta. There they may cause severe anemia in the mother, which increases the risk of fatal hemorrhage during delivery. The parasites also hijack nutrients intended for the developing fetus, threatening its development and survival.
The review appears in the most recent issue of The Cochrane Library, a publication of The Cochrane Collaboration, an international organization that evaluates medical research. Systematic reviews draw evidence-based conclusions about medical practice after considering both the content and quality of existing medical trials on a topic.
To compare pregnancy outcomes in women who used insecticide-treated nets and those who did not, the reviewers identified four randomizePage: 1 2 3 Related medicine news :1
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