Navigation Links
Health Care Costs - Significant for Abused Women

Women with a history of abuse by intimate partners have significantly higher health care costs //and utilization than women with no history of such abuse, according to a study conducted at Group Health, a Seattle-based health plan.

The higher costs and utilization continued long after the abuse ended, the research team from Group Health, the University of Washington (UW), and the Harborview Injury Prevention and Research Center (HIPRC) found. The findings appear in the February 2007 issue of the American Journal of Preventive Medicine.

"These results show the enormous costs of intimate partner violence (IPV) and can justify investing in intervention programs to reduce its health effects and prevent its recurrence, said lead author Frederick P. Rivara, MD, MPH. "It would also justify the costs of long-term programs to prevent this problem from happening in the first place."

Rivara is a researcher with HIPRC and professor of pediatrics at UW, as well as an affiliate investigator at the Group Health Center for Health Studies. The principal investigator for the study is Robert S. Thompson, MD, senior investigator at Group Health Center for Health Studies.

The study was based on telephone surveys, medical records, and utilization data from 3,333 women, aged 18 to 64 years old. Of these, 1,546 women reported having experienced IPV in their lifetime. The study defines IPV as both physical abuse (slapping, hitting, kicking, or forced sex) and nonphysical abuse (threats, chronic disparaging remarks, or controlling behavior).

The study showed:

· Annual total health care costs were 19 percent higher in women with a history of IPV ($439 annually) compared to women without IPV in their backgrounds.
· Health care utilization was higher for all categories of service during and after IPV compared to women who had not been abused. Women reporting IPV had 17 percent more primary care visits; 14 percent more specialists visits; and 27 percent more prescription refills. They were also more likely to use services in the areas of mental health, substance abuse, hospital outpatient care, emergency department care, and acute inpatient care during and after periods of IPV.
· Health care utilization was still 20 percent higher five years after women's abuse ceased compared to women who had never experienced IPV.
· The estimated excess costs to the health plan due to IPV are approximately $19.3 million per year for every 100,000 women enrollee aged 18–64. This estimate is based on prevalence for IPV of 44 percent - a figure established in a study the Group Health/UW team published in 2005.

While previous studies have shown increased health care costs and utilization among women abused by their partners, this is the first study to determine how those factors relate to the time of abuse. The study avoided limitations of previous studies by analyzing a random sample from a large health plan that was representative of the community.

In addition, the researchers studied documented medical and cost records rather than relying solely the women's own reports. Also, the study had data on the women's care over an average of seven years.

"When coupled with our previous work, this study helps to complete the picture of IPV as it is encountered in health care delivery," says Thompson, whose research team published papers in 2006 on the prevalence and health effects of IPV. "IPV is common, chronic, and produces negative effects on women's physical and mental health that are as severe as cancer or diabetes, and that add an enormous economic burden to health care systems. Development, implementation and evaluations of systems for the secondary prevention of IPV are not only warranted, they are urgently needed."



Source-Eurekalert'"/>




Related medicine news :

1. Startling Expose – Physicians Often Have No Regular Source Of Health Car
2. Want a Healthy brew? Have some Tea!
3. Healthcare sector is now a multi billion-dollar industry in India
4. Exclusive breast-feeding advised for six months in infants recommends World Health Organization
5. Health at heights
6. Health Officials Recommend Flu Vaccine
7. Slightly High BP Poses Health Risk
8. Unsatisfactory Grade On Womens Health Issues
9. Iodex goes to SmithKline Beecham consumer Healthcare
10. Healthy Medicine Or Harmful Intoxicant?
11. Healthy snacks improve nutrition of kids
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:


(Date:6/25/2016)... ... June 25, 2016 , ... Experts from the American Institutes ... Research Meeting June 26-28, 2016, at the Hynes Convention Center in Boston. , ... advance care planning, healthcare costs and patient and family engagement. , AIR researchers ...
(Date:6/25/2016)... (PRWEB) , ... June 25, 2016 , ... The temporary closing of Bruton Memorial Library ... City Observer , brings up a new, often overlooked aspect of head lice: the parasite’s ... for fumigation is not a common occurrence, but a necessary one in the event that ...
(Date:6/25/2016)... ... 2016 , ... First Choice Emergency Room , the largest network of ... Medical Director of its new Mesquite-Samuell Farm facility. , “We are pleased to ... said Dr. James M. Muzzarelli, Executive Medical Director of First Choice Emergency Room. ...
(Date:6/25/2016)... (PRWEB) , ... June 25, 2016 , ... ... athletes and non-athletes recover from injury. Recently, he has implemented orthobiologic procedures as ... City area —Johnson is one of the first doctors to perform the treatment. ...
(Date:6/25/2016)... ... ... Conventional wisdom preaches the benefits of moderation, whether it’s a matter of ... too high can result in disappointment, perhaps even self-loathing. However, those who set the ... Research from PsychTests.com reveals that behind the tendency to set low expectations ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:6/24/2016)... DUBLIN , June 24, 2016 ... addition of the "Structural Electronics 2015-2025: Applications, ... In-Mold Electronics, Smart ... Integrated Photovoltaics Structural electronics involves ... as load-bearing, protective structures, replacing dumb structures such ...
(Date:6/24/2016)... June 24, 2016 Research and Markets ... for Companion Diagnostic Tests" report to their offering. ... Companion Diagnostics The World Market for Companion ... medicine diagnostics. Market analysis in the report includes the following: ... (In Vitro Diagnostic Kits) by Region (N. America, EU, ROW), ...
(Date:6/24/2016)... , June 24, 2016  Arkis BioSciences, a ... invasive and more durable cerebrospinal fluid treatments, today ... The Series-A funding is led by Innova Memphis, ... and other private investors.  Arkis, new financing will ... and the market release of its in-licensed Endexo® ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: