This day, March 20, we celebrate head injury awareness day. This ‘celebration’ acquires specific significance in India,// which has the largest annual incidences of head injuries. Every day, 500,000 people are reported to suffer a head injury in some form or the other and it is the sixth most common cause of death, in the country.
Panning across the globe in the U.S, every 15 seconds, a person suffers a brain injury as a result of severe injury to the head.
Accidents, home and occupational hazards, falls and assaults cause head injuries or trauma to the head.
Bicycle falls are a leading cause of head injuries in children.
Head injuries may include injuries to the brain as well as to the scalp and the skull.
They range from the minor such as abrasions or lacerations to the scalp to those involving serious consequences such as damage to the brain or traumatic brain injury (TBI).
A head injury can be classified as either closed or penetrating. In closed head injury, the head sustains a blunt force by striking against an object while in penetrating head injuries, a high velocity object breaks through the skull and enters the brain.
Some head injuries result in prolonged or non-reversible brain damage, which range from personality changes to even a state of coma.
The signs and symptoms of a head injury may occur immediately or develop slowly over several hours. As brain injuries can be life threatening, even people with apparently slight injuries, with no noticeable signs or complaints, require close observation.
Loss of consciousness, even for a very brief period, is one of the clearest indications that a blow to the head may have affected the brain. Other danger signs are bleeding or leaking of fluids from the ears, nose or mouth, convulsion, confusion and fracture.
If a child begins to play or run immediately after getting a bump on the head, serioPage: 1 2 3 Related medicine news :1
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