Navigation Links
Harassment in School Affects Majority of Elementary Students

A simple questionnaire prepared by researchers has found that nine out of ten elementary students// have been bullied by their peers. To add more to that it was found that at least six out of ten children reported themselves indulging in some type of bullying in the past year.

The survey explored two forms of bullying: direct, such as threatening physical harm, and indirect, such as excluding someone or spreading rumors. The researchers say the five-minute questionnaire is the first simple, reliable way for teachers and physicians to identify kids at risk and to measure the success of interventions aimed at reducing bullying in schools.

"We know that both bullies and victims tend to suffer higher levels of depression and other mental health problems throughout their lives," said child psychiatrist Tom Tarshis, MD, lead author of the study. "We need to change the perception that bullying at school is a part of life and that victims just need to toughen up."

Tarshis was completing a fellowship in child psychiatry and research at Packard Children's at the time he developed the questionnaire. He is currently the director of the Bay Area Children's Association. The research will be published in the April issue of the Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics.

"When I first started to study this subject, there was no real questionnaire that had been tested," said Tarshis. "We couldn't take the next step until we had a tool that we knew worked."

Although the classic definition of bullying brings to mind fistfights in the schoolyard, other more subtle forms of torment also were surveyed. Tarshis recounted a girl in the ninth grade whose friends decided to stop speaking to her, spread nasty rumors about her and exclude her from activities, all right under the nose of an unsuspecting teacher.

"It was a little distressing how prevalent the problem is even in the middle- to upper-middle-cla ss schools we surveyed," said Tarshis.

He and his co-author, Lynne Huffman, MD, associate professor of pediatrics and of psychiatry at the School of Medicine, surveyed 270 children in grades three through six in two schools in California and one in Arizona to determine if the 22-item questionnaire yielded statistically accurate results. Students were scored based on their responses - never, sometimes or often - to such statements as, "At recess I play by myself," "Other students ignore me on purpose," and "Other students leave me out of games on purpose."

Tarshis and Huffman then compared the results to those of other, more complicated surveys intended to identify bullies and victims. They also administered their survey twice to 175 of the students to determine if the results were consistent over time. They found that the responses were highly reliable, and the survey was easily understood and completed by even the youngest students in the sample.

"We found it particularly interesting that these indications of victimization and bullying are apparent at very young ages," said Huffman. "Our hope is that this questionnaire will be utilized by teachers, pediatricians and even child psychiatrists to identify those children needing early and direct intervention."

The stakes are high. Previous research has shown that, without intervention, bullying behavior persists over time: a child who is a bully in kindergarten is often a bully in elementary school, high school and beyond. Such behaviors are not without consequence, though. These career bullies are not only slightly more likely than their peers to serve prison time as adults, they also tend to suffer from depression.

Perhaps not surprisingly, kids who are routinely victimized exhibit higher levels of depression, anxiety and suicidal thoughts than do non-victims. Such statistics highlight the importance of being able to identify at-risk kids and assess the effectiveness of interventions.

Efforts to stop school bullying have been gathering steam for several years. Those most likely to be effective, according to Tarshis, promote an attitude change from the principal to the recess monitors to the parents. They range from presentations to entire schools to discussions with individual students about how to respond when they are bullied or when they see someone bullying another student.

"Positive peer pressure is an important component of effective intervention," said Tarshis. "When uninvolved students step up and let the perpetrator know that their behavior is not acceptable, it's a powerful message."


Related medicine news :

1. Sexual Harassment A Cause Of Deteriorating Health Among Female Flight Attendants.
2. Doctors Bid to End Bullying and Harassment in the Workplace
3. Sexual Harassment on the Rise in Aligarh Muslim University
4. Doctors, Nurses Face Sexual Harassment At Work Place
5. Teens More Likely to Become Victims of Online Harassments
6. Does Success in School Differ From the Real World Success ?
7. Exposure to Pesticides in Schools Produces Illnesses Among Employees, Students
8. Adolescents Who Walk To School Are Fitter, More Active
9. Popularity Among Peers Increases Susceptibility To Smoking Habit Among School Children
10. Vitamin filled nutrition candy for School children
11. A Comparative Study On Dietary Habits In Middle School Students And Increase In Weight
Post Your Comments:

(Date:11/25/2015)... , ... November 25, 2015 , ... On November 10, ... States District Court of Connecticut on behalf of a home health care worker who ... current or former home health care workers employed by Humana, Inc., Humana at Home, ...
(Date:11/25/2015)... ... , ... On November 25, 2015, officials of Narconon Arrowhead , the ... of a new cutting edge recovery program that has been 50 years in the ... alcohol-addicted individuals with the purpose to free addicts from the symptoms and negative behaviors ...
(Date:11/25/2015)... ... , ... SCOTTSDALE, AZ) - Today, Dr. Todd C. ... and non-surgical treatments, announced the expansion of his private practice capabilities with the ... Highly trained and nationally recognized for his natural approach, Dr. Todd Hobgood serves ...
(Date:11/25/2015)... (PRWEB) , ... November 25, 2015 , ... Today, ... on our nation’s roadways has dropped below 10,000 for the first time since 2011. ... in 2013. , According to data released by the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration ...
(Date:11/25/2015)... , ... November 25, 2015 , ... ... of philanthropic seniors, is resulting in a way for homeless people to have ... Schaumburg have launched a new initiative whereby they are repurposing plastic bags into ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:11/24/2015)... , November 25, 2015 ... due to repeated failure of IVF cycles. After failure ... was totally dejected and had lost all hopes that she would be able ... Indian miracle child conceived after failure of over 15 ... abroad (UK) before they decided to take one last attempt with ...
(Date:11/24/2015)... SAN CARLOS, Calif. , Nov. 24, ... ), a leader in non-invasive genetic testing ... today announced that it will present at ... Conference in New York on Wednesday, December 2, 2015 at 1:00 p.m. ... discuss the Company,s financial results, business activities ...
(Date:11/24/2015)... /PRNewswire/ - ESSA Pharma Inc. ("ESSA" or the "Company") ... the first patient has been enrolled in ESSA,s Phase ... metastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer ("mCRPC"). the ... the United States and Canada.  ... trial, ESSA intends to demonstrate the safety, tolerability, maximum ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: