The AIDS epidemic has outpaced global mobilisation against the disease in the last five years, frustrating efforts to halt the spread of the virus// , the UN says in advance of a review conference.
A dozen heads of state and more than 100 government ministers are scheduled to meet Wednesday-Friday at UN headquarters to assess results based on a five-year plan issued by the UN General Assembly to try to reverse the epidemic by 2010.
Unless the global campaign against AIDS becomes "substantially stronger, more strategic and better coordinated", it will fail the 2010 target, according to a UN study on the five-year plan.
The study findings were that greater resources are needed to scale up activities against acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS), which was first identified 25 years ago.
The human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) that causes AIDS has been spreading mostly through unprotected sex or sharing of needles among drug addicts.
AIDS has killed an estimated 25 million people in 25 years, while another 40 million people are currently infected. Half of those living with HIV are women, 60 percent of them in Africa. Over half of new infected people are under age 25.
There are 15 million orphans whose parents were lost to the epidemic.
Every day around the world, AIDS kills 8,000 people, and another 14,000 people become infected, the UN said.
Despite intensified efforts to prevent infection and treat AIDS patients, the epidemic has struck more people than medical infrastructures can serve, the study said.
There were more infections and more AIDS deaths in 2005 than ever before, the study says. Only about one in five patients in poor and middle-income countries who need anti-retroviral drugs are getting them, while the number of people requiring treatment has increased.
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