Navigation Links
Genetic Risk Factor for Coeliac Disease Identified.

An international research consortium investigating the genetic causes of intestinal inflammatory conditions has identified a new genetic risk factor for coeliac disease.
The study revealed that those suffering from coeliac disease lack a protective DNA sequence in a specific gene region, otherwise found in healthy individuals.

Behind the success of the study are the Human Genome Project and the Hap Map Project, international research efforts to reveal the entire sequence of all the human chromosomes - and the functional units embedded within - and to correlate that information to common sequence variation in the human population.

Dr Panos Deloukas, Senior Investigator in Human Genetics at the Wellcome Trust Sanger Institute, and part of the research consortium, said: These resources coupled with technological advances have enabled us to scan variation across the human genome in large numbers of people for association to disease.

The Sanger Institute made available to the study the genome data on 1500 British individuals used as controls (i.e without coeliac disease). The consortium studied over four thousand individuals with and without coeliac disease, amongst British, Irish and Dutch populations.

What they found is that healthy individuals more often have a protective DNA sequence in the interleukin-2 and interleukin-21 gene region than individuals with coeliac disease. Interleukin-2 and interleukin-21 are cytokine proteins secreted by white blood cells that control inflammation. It is likely that the protective DNA sequence leads to different amounts of these cytokines being produced than in someone with coeliac disease providing defence against intestinal inflammation.

Coeliac disease is found in around 1 in 100 of the British population. It is caused by intolerance to gluten - a protein found in wheat, barley and rye - which results in damage to the gut, preventing normal digestion and absorption of food. If undetected it can lead to, amongst other things, anaemia, poor bone health, and weight loss. Although the majority of people are diagnosed in mid-life, symptoms can present themselves at anytime, for example during illness, stress, or post-trauma. There is a strong inherited (genetic) risk. .

Professor David van Heel, chief investigator in the study, said; We previously knew that coeliac individuals had a specific tissue type which recognised wheat proteins. We did not know why healthy individuals who had the same tissue type did not develop symptoms or disease. The first findings from our study suggest that interleukin genes that control inflammation are critical. We expect to find more disease risk factors from further in-depth analysis of the genome wide data.

Sarah Sleet, Chief Executive of Coeliac UK said: This research heralds an important breakthrough in understanding better who is likely to develop coeliac disease. Around 1 in 100 people develop the disease but predicting who is susceptible is like searching for a needle in a haystack. Currently genetic testing is a blunt instrument which can only narrow down the search to around one third of the general population.


'"/>




Related medicine news :

1. Genetic Dentistry: Your Dentist may be able to grow you a new set of Teeth.
2. Genetic influence in menopause
3. Genetics and cholesterol levels
4. Genetics helps in attacking cancer
5. Genetic disorder related with sleep patterns
6. Genetic innovation
7. Genetic tests for cancer
8. Genetic indicates memory
9. Genetic mutation to the fountain of youth discovered
10. Genetic differences found between Male and Female brains
11. Alcoholism Influenced By Both Genetics & Family Environment
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:


(Date:5/31/2016)... ... ... The Global Wellness Summit (GWS), an annual conference for international ... travel, spa and beauty in Europe. The organization asked its partner experts in Europe ... researchers - to forecast where wellness is headed in Europe. Predictions range from European ...
(Date:5/31/2016)... (PRWEB) , ... May 31, 2016 , ... The Orthopaedic ... executive committee members: , David G. Lewallen, MD, began his term as president ... president. Michael L. Parks, MD, is OREF’s new president-elect. Richard F. Kyle, MD, will ...
(Date:5/31/2016)... , ... May 31, 2016 , ... In a recent ... Feiner and broadcast on New Rochelle, NY-based WVOX (1460 AM), leading medical ... what she calls the country’s “modern medical money maelstrom.” , During the interview ...
(Date:5/31/2016)... ... May 31, 2016 , ... To meet a growing demand ... industry, The University of Scranton is adding a Certificate in Health Informatics to ... in rapidly growing field of healthcare information. , Healthcare organizations are under ...
(Date:5/30/2016)... , ... May 30, 2016 , ... ... use inside of FCPX," said Christina Austin - CEO of Pixel Film Studios. ... use within Final Cut Pro X. Choose from abstract transitions to more simple ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:5/31/2016)... 2016 RnRMarketResearch.com adds "Asthma - ... analysis of Asthma therapy at various stages, therapeutics assessment ... administration (RoA) and molecule type, along with latest updates, ... key players involved in the therapeutic development for Asthma ... Complete report on H1 2016 pipeline review of ...
(Date:5/30/2016)... 2016 According to a ... Market by Type (Stability, Raw Materials, Method Validation, ... (Pharmaceutical Companies, Medical Device Companies) - Global Forecast ... healthy growth during the last decade and is ... between 2016 and 2021 to reach USD 4.13 ...
(Date:5/30/2016)... - DCGI grants limited approval to market Stempeucel® product for ... Stempeucel® becomes 5th off-the-shelf Stem cell product to be approved by ... Disease (also known as Thromboangiitis Obliterans) is a major unmet medical ... - Prevalence of Buerger,s Disease is estimated to be 1,000,000 in ... the European Community & USA ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: