Navigation Links
Genetic Link to Adrenal Tumor Revealed

Recent research has revealed that a genetic deficiency of an important enzyme can result in a rare tumor of the adrenal glands appears //. The enzyme is one of a class of enzymes involved in halting a cell's response to hormones and appears to stop cells from dividing.

The study, published in Nature Genetics, was conducted by researchers in NIH's National Institute of Child Health and Human Development. The NIH group collaborated with scientists from the Mayo Clinic, the Cochin Institute in Paris, the University of Paris, Ohio State University in Columbus, and the Universitaire Vaudois in Lausanne, Switzerland, in collecting samples from patients with rare adrenal disorders. Scientists from Sapio Sciences in York, Pennsylvania, assisted in the analysis of the data.

In conducting the study, the researchers used gene arrays to analyze the DNA of patients with a rare tumor of the adrenal glands, known as micronodular adrenocortical hyperplasia, explained the study's senior author, Constantine Stratakis, M.D., D(Med)Sc, Chief of NICHD's Section on Endocrinology and Genetics. The researchers also used the technology to analyze samples of the patients' tumors.

The researchers found four patients who had mutant copies of a gene that contains the information for Phosphodiesterase 11A (PDE11A). Phosphodiesterases are a family of enzymes involved in 'switching off' a cell's response to hormones, Dr. Stratakis explained.

For a hormone to affect the cell, it must first bind to a molecule, or receptor, on the cell's surface, analogous to how a key fits into a lock. This action triggers the cell to produce substances known as cyclic nucleotides. These function as 'second messengers,' often stimulating the cell to begin an activity. In the case of adrenal cells, cyclic nucleotides, such as cyclic AMP and cyclic GMP, may stimulate cell growth or other activities. Once the activity has ended, phosphodiesterases degrade the cyclic nuc leotides, thereby halting the cell's response to the hormone.

In the study, the patients' tumors were made up of cells that were deficient in the enzyme PDE11A. This enzyme halts cyclic nucleotide production in adrenal cells as well as in other kinds of cells in the body. Because they lacked PDE11A, the patients' adrenal cells had higher levels of cyclic nucleotides. The researchers believe that these higher cyclic nucleotide levels led to the formation of tumors.

The gene for PDE11A contains the information needed to make 4 slightly different forms of the enzyme. The form of the enzyme that was mutated in the patients who took part in the study was found in large amounts in normal adrenal glands and in even larger amounts in normal prostate glands, Dr. Stratakis added. Other forms of PDE11A are found in several other tissues, including the testes, skeletal muscle, and the heart.

Dr. Stratakis noted that although the evidence associating the mutation in the gene for PDE11A to the development of adrenal tumors was very strong, the study was not capable of proving that the mutation actually caused the tumors.

In their article, the researchers wrote that drugs used to treat erectile dysfunction interfere with the functioning of PDE11A. The researchers noted that PDE11A 'is partially inhibited' by the drug tadalafil and 'weakly' inhibited by sildenafil. They added that there are no reports in the medical literature of malfunctioning adrenal glands or increased adrenal cell growth in users of these drugs.

'However, detailed clinical studies addressing this potential complication are currently lacking,' they wrote.

Dr. Stratakis and his colleagues are currently planning studies to determine if differences in the gene for PDE11A might influence an individual's cancer risk.

(Source: Eurekalert)
'"/>




Related medicine news :

1. Genetic Dentistry: Your Dentist may be able to grow you a new set of Teeth.
2. Genetic influence in menopause
3. Genetics and cholesterol levels
4. Genetics helps in attacking cancer
5. Genetic disorder related with sleep patterns
6. Genetic innovation
7. Genetic tests for cancer
8. Genetic indicates memory
9. Genetic mutation to the fountain of youth discovered
10. Genetic differences found between Male and Female brains
11. Alcoholism Influenced By Both Genetics & Family Environment
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:


(Date:2/8/2016)... , ... February 08, 2016 , ... ... with BASF Human Nutrition into the Food & Beverage and ... been BASF’s channel partner throughout Canada and USA geographies east of the Rocky ...
(Date:2/8/2016)... ... 08, 2016 , ... Brenton Engineering , powered by ... flow wrapped products at WestPack 2015, February 9-11, in Anaheim, California. This new ... semi-automatic or fully-automatic case packing with a small footprint, rugged, highly flexible, and ...
(Date:2/8/2016)... (PRWEB) , ... February 08, 2016 , ... ... community enrichment program serving the greater Venice, FL area, has initiated a fundraiser ... in a car accident just four days after Christmas. To support this beautiful ...
(Date:2/8/2016)... ... 2016 , ... FileHold's document management software has been implemented ... hosted environment for FileHold software that is pay per user subscription-based and also ... the FileHold web services API. DocuSyst also advises clients on fully functioning back ...
(Date:2/8/2016)... ... February 08, 2016 , ... ... be speaking on how healthcare companies can use newly released government data on ... of a population and intervene and capture the value they create to succeed ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:2/8/2016)...   GS1 US will hold a series ... GS1 Standards implementation to address the requirements of the ... (UDI) rule. Scott Brown , director ... senior director industry development, medical devices, GS1 US; and ... --> Scott Brown , director ...
(Date:2/8/2016)... NORRITON, Pa. , Feb. 8, 2016 /PRNewswire/ ... of November Research Group (NRG),s pharmacovigilance technology ... pharmacovigilance system-related consulting services and an Oracle Argus ... compliance services to Life Sciences companies. ... strengthens and expands HighPoint,s life sciences capabilities and ...
(Date:2/8/2016)... PALO ALTO, Calif. , Feb. 8, 2016 ... chemical manufacturing, and Kodiak Sciences Inc., a biopharmaceutical company ... retinal disease, announced today agreements for the clinical supply ... manufacture material at multiple sites, including Slough (UK), Visp ... --> Retinal diseases, such as age-related ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: