Navigation Links
Gender Might Have a Say in How Your Child Speaks

Whether a child is a boy or a girl may well be the clue to how it grasps and uses language, according to a study claiming to be the first of its kind.//

A discovery from two Georgetown neuroscientists put it that boys and girls use different ways of processing language. While female brains tend to assimilate language using words and the relationships between them, boys tend to go by the rules of the language. This may well explain mistakes like “I holded the bunny”.

“Sex has been virtually ignored in studies of the learning, representation, processing and neural bases of language. This study shows that differences between males and females may be an important factor in these cognitive processes,” said the lead author, Michael Ullman, PhD, professor of neuroscience, psychology, neurology and linguistics.

He added that since the brain systems tested in this study are responsible for more than just language use, the study supports the notion that “men and women may tend to process various skills differently from one another.” One potential underlying reason, suggested by other research, is that the hormone estrogen, found primarily in females, affects brain processing, Ullman said.

The study, whose co-author is Joshua Hartshorne, was published earlier this year in the journal Developmental Science.

Researchers know that women tend to be better than men at verbal memory tasks, such as remembering word lists, and that this ability depends on declarative memory. Included within declarative memory is a “mental lexicon” in which word forms are memorized and remembered. The grammatical rules that allow us to combine words in sentences depend on “procedural” memory. Researchers have found that both boys and girls may be equally adept at this process, which depends on a different part of the brain than declarative memory.

In this study, Ullman and Hartshorne hypothesized that girls would be better than boys at remembering irregular past-tenses of verbs, like “held”, since these words are memorized in declarative memory. And if girls remember “held” better than boys, they should make fewer errors like “holded”, since these “over-regularization” errors are made when children can’t remember irregular past-tenses, and so resort to combing the verb with an –ed ending, just as they do for regular verbs like “walked”.

So they studied how a group of 10 boys and 15 girls, age 2 to 5, used regular and irregular past-tense forms in their normal speech. To their surprise, and contrary to their predictions, the researchers discovered that the girls over-regularized far more than boys.

They then investigated which verbs the girls made the mistakes on, and found an association between the number of similar sounding regular past-tense verbs, and the particular verb that was over-regularized. For example, girls tended to say “holded” or “blowed” because many other rhyming verbs use the regular past-tense form (such as folded, molded, and flowed, rowed, stowed, respectively).

The researchers say this kind analogy-based processing suggests the girls were relying on their declarative memory to create the past tense. “This memory is not just a rote list of words, but underlies common patterns between words, and can be used to generalize these patterns,” Ullman said. “In this case, the girls had memorized the regular past tenses of rhyming words, and were generalizing these patterns to new words, resulting in over-regularization errors” such as “holded” and “blowed”.

In contrast, for the boys there was no association between the number of similar sounding regular past-tense verbs, and the particular verbs that were over-regularized. So the boys did not make more over-regularizations on verbs like “holded” or “blowed” that have many rhyming regular past-tenses. This suggests, Ullman said, that the boys were not forming these words in dec larative memory, but were probably using the rule-governed system to combine verbs with –ed endings.

Other types of evidence also suggest that adult women tend use declarative memory more than adult men do in their use of language, Ullman said. “Although the two sexes seem to be doing the same thing, and doing it equally well, they are using two different neurocognitive brain processes to do it,’ Ullman said. “This is a novel and exciting fining.”

Source-Eurekalert
SRM
'"/>




Related medicine news :

1. Insulin Resistance Linked To Difference In Gender
2. Gender difference in Pain Experience - Women feel More Pain than men
3. Imbalance In Gender Ratio Addressed By Religious Leaders
4. Renuka Chowdhury Stresses Importance of Bridging Gender Gap
5. Gender Question Solved
6. Gender Difference In Reaction To Cancer
7. Gender Equality among Older Couples Plays a Vital Role in Their Sex Life
8. Gender Difference In Pain Experience Explained By Brain Diversity
9. Malaysia Likely To Outlaw Gender Selection Test
10. Transgender Experience - A Tool to Analyze Gender Difference By Stanford Scientist
11. Fertility Clinics Allowing Parents To Select Gender
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:


(Date:4/22/2017)... ... April 22, 2017 , ... Ecommerce sales have grown every year ... be $394.9 billion. The consequences of rapid innovation and growth are often neglected ... technology, it is every business and individual’s job to give something back to the ...
(Date:4/21/2017)... ... 2017 , ... An April 10 article in the Daily Mail ... a great deal about prehistoric ice-age dental practitioners and their primitive and, no doubt, ... remove decayed dental matter, and that teeth were then filled with bitumen, a substance ...
(Date:4/21/2017)... SALT LAKE CITY, Utah (PRWEB) , ... April ... ... leading provider of wilderness therapy treatment for adolescents and young adults, has kicked ... Thursday, April 20th-Sunday, April 23rd. This year’s theme is “Attachment Informed Therapy ...
(Date:4/21/2017)... ... April 21, 2017 , ... The Patient Advocacy Community ... System, with the 2017 Ruth Ravich Patient Advocacy Award in recognition of ... DeVaro was honored with the award at The Beryl Institute’s annual Patient Experience ...
(Date:4/21/2017)... ... 21, 2017 , ... Alive for Wellness is a group of ... health struggles. The Alive team uses advanced behavioral sciences treatment modalities to accomplish ... a mental health struggle is based on 10 modalities of treatment that ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:4/19/2017)... , April 19, 2017  SARES•REGIS Group leased ... is developing at Conejo Spectrum Business Park in ... Atara Biotherapeutics, Inc. , a biopharmaceutical company ... life-threatening diseases that have been underserved by scientific ... therapies for cancer, autoimmune and infectious disease. ...
(Date:4/18/2017)... 18, 2017 Viverae ® , a leader ... integration of IBM ® Watson Campaign Automation, implementing ... communications for a personalized experience. Through digital engagement, the ... health in real time. The enhanced experience drives engagement ... members, wherever they are in their journey to health. ...
(Date:4/18/2017)... BLOOMINGTON, Minn. , April 18, ... IMMY ) ("Imprimis"), an ophthalmology-focused pharmaceutical company, and ... today announced the signing of a three-year exclusive ... will deploy a dedicated sales team to introduce ... U.S., primarily focused in 13 states in the ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: