Navigation Links
'Gender-Benders': Sports and Sex Determination

'And after all, what is a lie? Tis but the truth in a masquerade'
- Lord Byron

The Olympic games is a sporting event that brings together the sporting// fraternity of the modern world. The razzle, dazzle and display of the Games are unmatched and every athlete worth his salt aspires to participate.

But the history of the Games is not without blemishes. Women athletes were barred from participating in the Olympics, much to their chagrin. With years the ban lifted and more women began to participate. It was then that trouble began to brew and, querries were raised challenging the feminity of some of the most successful female athletes especially from Eastern Europe and the USSR. It was believed that in order to win, male athletes, or athletes who were intersex, masqueraded as females. These developments were of importance even from a political angle, as they happened during the 'Cold' War between the USA and the USSR.

Sex determination testing was undertaken for the first time in 1966, during the European Track and Field events. The purpose of this move was to detect male imposters, who would have a natural advantage while competing with females. Initial attempts at gender verification involved the female athletes parading naked before a panel of gynecologists. Years later these crude physical examinations were replaced by laboratory tests, such as detection of the Barr body, which is the inactivated X chromosome present in the nucleated cells of all normal females but absent in normal males. Ironically these tests did nothing to prevent the males with genotypic variations from participating in the Games.

Genetic basis of gender assignment: By 1980, the Barr body test was considered redundant and the International Olympic Committee (IOC) replaced it with the Polymerase Chain Reaction (PCR) test to detect the SRY gene, linked to the Y chromosome, usually present in males. This was initiated during the
'"/>




Page: 1 2 3

Related medicine news :

1. Stretching May Not Decrease Risk Of Injury In Power Sports
2. Dentists Recommend Kids Use Mouthguard To Protect Them When Doing Sports
3. Competitive Sports: Is the heart Sportive Enough?
4. Efficacy Of Sports-Formulated Jelly Beans In Warding Off Fatigue To Be Studied
5. Teen Players Urged To Wear Helmets and Gloves to Avoid Sports Injuries
6. Sports Can Improve Eating Habits In Adolescents
7. Creating Awareness about Sports Medicine
8. RIMS to start A Course On Sports Medicine From Next Year
9. Expect Aching Muscles And Joints This Sports Season
10. Film Stars, Sportspersons Should not Promote Soft Drink Ads: Ramadoss
11. Basketball Top For Injurious Sports
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
TAG: Gender Benders Sports and Sex Determination

(Date:4/23/2014)... was safe and effective in treating patients with ... , according to a new pilot study published ... online. Known as fecal microbiota transplantation, the treatment ... or a nasogastric tube. The findings suggest approaches ... available to patients. , A growing concern, ...
(Date:4/23/2014)... have developed a new way to detect when ... wheel. , Their recently patented technology is based ... drowsy driversand offers an affordable and more reliable ... systems. , Van Dongen"Video-based systems that use cameras ... of its lane are cumbersome and expensive," said ...
(Date:4/23/2014)... Va., April 23, 2014 The American Society for ... "The Role of Postoperative Radiation Therapy for Endometrial ... use of adjuvant radiation therapy in the treatment ... published in the May-June 2014 issue of ... practice journal of ASTRO. The full-length guideline is ...
(Date:4/23/2014)... pathway that helps prevent new cells from receiving too ... been directly linked to cancer and other diseases. , ... the end of cell division, the enzyme Cdc14 activates ... are fully repaired before the parent cell distributes copies ... safeguard against some of the most devastating genome errors, ...
(Date:4/23/2014)... Rochelle, NY, April 23, 2014Men whose testosterone falls below ... and to be overweight and have heart disease and ... to identify testosterone-deficient men for further testing and possible ... of Men,s Health , a peer-reviewed publication from Mary ... on the Journal of Men,s Health website ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):Health News:Pilot study suggests ways to widen access to fecal transplants for C. diff infections 2Health News:WSU innovation improves drowsy driver detection 2Health News:ASTRO issues guideline on the role of postoperative radiation therapy for endometrial cancer 2Health News:ASTRO issues guideline on the role of postoperative radiation therapy for endometrial cancer 3Health News:Study identifies enzymes that help fix cancer-causing DNA defects 2
... - Company to Webcast Presentation at 9:30 a.m. ET on ... Corporation,(Nasdaq: SMTS ) is scheduled to participate in the ... 22, 2008 at the New York Hilton., Bruce J. ... presentation that will be webcast live on Wednesday,May 21, 2008 ...
... have used cough medicine for children younger than two ... effective for children in this age group, an Australia-first ... and Royal Childrens Hospital study, surveyed 325 parents at ... care centres about their use of over-the-counter medication for ...
... The International Association for Dental Research (IADR) ... winners of the annual IADR/GSK Innovation in Oral ... innovative oral care technologies that may maintain and ... Sharing the $225,000 unrestricted research grant, which is ...
... 2008 Canadian researchers have shown that an electric ... neurologic and neuropsychological symptoms in humans. , Following ... and behavioral aftereffects, such as memory loss and symptoms ... grant from Hydro-Qubec and conducted by clinicians from the ...
... 15, 2008 Physicians and dentists should collaborate to ... or may develop osteoporosis, say researchers in the cover ... the American Dental Association. , The authors of the ... the medical and dental literature to examine osteoporosis effect ...
... with ICG-Guided Therapy On Over 76,000+ ... ... 15 CardioDynamics (Nasdaq:,CDICD), the innovator and leader of Impedance ... today,announced the presentation of a significant independent ICG clinical study,at ...
Cached Medicine News:Health News:Somanetics Corporation to Present at Citigroup 2008 Healthcare Conference 2Health News:Study finds parents use cough medicines on under-2s despite the warnings 2Health News:IADR and GlaxoSmithKline Consumer Healthcare announce winners 2Health News:IADR and GlaxoSmithKline Consumer Healthcare announce winners 3Health News:Electric shocks can cause neurologic and neuropsychological symptoms 2Health News:CardioDynamics Announces Significant ICG Study with Nearly Three Times the National Average Blood Pressure Control Rates at the American Society for Hypertension Annual Scientific Meeting 2Health News:CardioDynamics Announces Significant ICG Study with Nearly Three Times the National Average Blood Pressure Control Rates at the American Society for Hypertension Annual Scientific Meeting 3
(Date:1/15/2014)... Jan. 15, 2014  Celsion Corporation (the "Company") (NASDAQ: ... from institutional investors to purchase an aggregate of approximately ... at-the-market registered direct offering, led by a dedicated health ... purchase agreements with these investors pursuant to which the ...
(Date:1/15/2014)... Jan. 15, 2014  Humberto C. Antunes,  Galderma  worldwide CEO, ... the Journal of Drugs in Dermatology (JDD) ... (ODAC). The event is January 17-20, 2014, at the Omni Orlando ... The ODAC is a distinguished event ...
(Date:1/15/2014)... PALM BEACH GARDENS, Fla. , Jan. 15, 2014  In an ... C. difficile and TB in ambulances and other transport vehicles, an ... being used by rescue personnel for the first time. ... coming in contact with these deadly pathogens, West Palm ...
Breaking Medicine Technology:Celsion Corporation Announces $15 Million At-The-Market Registered Direct Offering 2Celsion Corporation Announces $15 Million At-The-Market Registered Direct Offering 3Galderma's global leader honored with a "Lifetime in Dermatology Achievement Award" by Journal of Drugs in Dermatology 2Galderma's global leader honored with a "Lifetime in Dermatology Achievement Award" by Journal of Drugs in Dermatology 3Galderma's global leader honored with a "Lifetime in Dermatology Achievement Award" by Journal of Drugs in Dermatology 4Superbugs No Longer Ride In Rescue Vehicles 2
... PRINCETON, N.J., Jan. 4, 2011 Pharmasset, Inc. (Nasdaq: ... 29th Annual J.P. Morgan Healthcare Conference to be held January ... CA. Schaefer Price, President and Chief Executive Officer, will provide ... at 9:00 AM (PT). To access a simultaneous ...
... Jan. 4, 2011 Boston Scientific Corporation (NYSE: ... M.D., Chief Medical Officer, Cardiac Rhythm Management, on an article ... the American Medical Association .  The article reported on a ... received an implantable cardioverter defibrillator (ICD) did not meet evidence-based ...
Cached Medicine Technology:Pharmasset to Present at the 29th Annual J.P. Morgan Healthcare Conference 2Pharmasset to Present at the 29th Annual J.P. Morgan Healthcare Conference 3Statement of Kenneth Stein, M.D., Chief Medical Officer, Cardiac Rhythm Management, Boston Scientific on JAMA Article 2
Automatic tangent screen with plane type central field tester. Static, quantitative perimetry....
... represents the latest breakthrough in visual ... the Humphrey Matrix will help you ... and assess treatment alternatives. Enhanced patient ... complete long-term glaucoma care for your ...
Preference Toric quarterly planned replacement lenses are durable, easy to handle and virtually maintenance free. Meeting the needs of those suffering from astigmatism, these soft contact lenses are ...
... and disposable lens convenience for those with ... want crisp, clear vision with the convenience ... Vertex Toric lenses are manufactured using our ... a perfect edge on every lens. This ...
Medicine Products: