Navigation Links
'Gender-Benders': Sports and Sex Determination

'And after all, what is a lie? Tis but the truth in a masquerade'
- Lord Byron

The Olympic games is a sporting event that brings together the sporting// fraternity of the modern world. The razzle, dazzle and display of the Games are unmatched and every athlete worth his salt aspires to participate.

But the history of the Games is not without blemishes. Women athletes were barred from participating in the Olympics, much to their chagrin. With years the ban lifted and more women began to participate. It was then that trouble began to brew and, querries were raised challenging the feminity of some of the most successful female athletes especially from Eastern Europe and the USSR. It was believed that in order to win, male athletes, or athletes who were intersex, masqueraded as females. These developments were of importance even from a political angle, as they happened during the 'Cold' War between the USA and the USSR.

Sex determination testing was undertaken for the first time in 1966, during the European Track and Field events. The purpose of this move was to detect male imposters, who would have a natural advantage while competing with females. Initial attempts at gender verification involved the female athletes parading naked before a panel of gynecologists. Years later these crude physical examinations were replaced by laboratory tests, such as detection of the Barr body, which is the inactivated X chromosome present in the nucleated cells of all normal females but absent in normal males. Ironically these tests did nothing to prevent the males with genotypic variations from participating in the Games.

Genetic basis of gender assignment: By 1980, the Barr body test was considered redundant and the International Olympic Committee (IOC) replaced it with the Polymerase Chain Reaction (PCR) test to detect the SRY gene, linked to the Y chromosome, usually present in males. This was initiated during the
'"/>




Page: 1 2 3

Related medicine news :

1. Stretching May Not Decrease Risk Of Injury In Power Sports
2. Dentists Recommend Kids Use Mouthguard To Protect Them When Doing Sports
3. Competitive Sports: Is the heart Sportive Enough?
4. Efficacy Of Sports-Formulated Jelly Beans In Warding Off Fatigue To Be Studied
5. Teen Players Urged To Wear Helmets and Gloves to Avoid Sports Injuries
6. Sports Can Improve Eating Habits In Adolescents
7. Creating Awareness about Sports Medicine
8. RIMS to start A Course On Sports Medicine From Next Year
9. Expect Aching Muscles And Joints This Sports Season
10. Film Stars, Sportspersons Should not Promote Soft Drink Ads: Ramadoss
11. Basketball Top For Injurious Sports
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
TAG: Gender Benders Sports and Sex Determination

(Date:7/13/2014)... Carolinas Healthcare System celebrated today the grand ... System - Anson located in Anson County. The $20 ... in Wadesboro. , Located on U.S. Highway 74, the ... facility. Situated on a 10-acre site, the new hospital ... drop-off, helipad, healing garden, and 15 beds. With fewer ...
(Date:7/13/2014)... 2014 Chromatography system is a ... various types of biological samples such as air ... mixture into two phase, namely mobile phase and ... run over the stationary phase, followed by the ... provide the separation of mixture. Chromatography system plays ...
(Date:7/13/2014)... 2014 Micro irrigation systems are mainly ... dispersal as wells as to maintain soil quality. The ... to become a dominant revenue generator for manufacturers in ... reduce resource costs has led to the adoption of ... has further caused massive demand for micro irrigation systems, ...
(Date:7/13/2014)... According to a new market research report "Heterogeneous ... GPU, DSP, connectivity), Technology Node (45nm-5nm), Application (Consumer, ... and Analysis to 2014-2020", published by MarketsandMarkets, the ... expected to reach $61.70 Billion by 2020, growing ... 2020. , Browse 71 market data Tables with ...
(Date:7/13/2014)... 13, 2014 The Pearland, Texas location of ... age from four months to 12 years of age that ... to birthday parties and Summer Camps, is now under new ... of Pearland after spending over six years at The ... Gym Director. , Berry has over ten years of ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):Health News:Carolinas HealthCare System - Anson Hospital Now Open 2Health News:North America Chromatography Systems Market Is Expected to Reach $6593.4 Million by 2018 - New Report by MicroMarket Monitor 2Health News:North America Chromatography Systems Market Is Expected to Reach $6593.4 Million by 2018 - New Report by MicroMarket Monitor 3Health News:Agricultural Micro Irrigation System Market is Expected to Grow at a CAGR of 18.1%, from 2013 to 2018 - New Report by MicroMarket Monitor 2Health News:Agricultural Micro Irrigation System Market is Expected to Grow at a CAGR of 18.1%, from 2013 to 2018 - New Report by MicroMarket Monitor 3Health News:Heterogeneous Mobile Processing & Computing Market Worth $61.70 Billion by 2020 – New Report by MarketsandMarkets 2Health News:Heterogeneous Mobile Processing & Computing Market Worth $61.70 Billion by 2020 – New Report by MarketsandMarkets 3Health News:Heterogeneous Mobile Processing & Computing Market Worth $61.70 Billion by 2020 – New Report by MarketsandMarkets 4Health News:The Little Gym of Pearland, TX Now Under New Ownership and Management 2
... Flag Company, Inc.,s new ,Feel Good, Light Lenses are perfect decorating ... trying economical time. , ... (PRWEB) March 3, 2009 ... the nation, the Flag Company, Inc. recently launched ,Feel Good, Light ...
... a series of residential vacuum cleaner reviews conducted in collaboration with ... ... 3, 2009 -- Before spending hundreds of dollars on one of the ... to the Internet to research their choices. , , , , ,In ...
... /PRNewswire/ -- CMPMedica, the global ... Business Media Limited, has signed an agreement with MAIDIS, ... medicine management system for two hospitals in the United ... used in approximately 700 hospitals in France, 120 in ...
... Researchers to Speak on Treatment ModalitiesMOUNTAIN VIEW, Calif., ... the nation,s first and largest providers of kidney ... research, today announced that several of its internationally ... Annual Dialysis Conference in Houston, Texas March 8-10. ...
... the U.S. Government Accountability Office (GAO) Report on the ... Responsible Nutrition (CRN), the leading trade association representing the ... from Steve Mister, president and CEO, CRN: "As ... that this one demonstrates that the industry has come ...
... in mice, appear to overcome a major drawback of vaccinations ... it normally takes for immunity to build against a pathogen. ... provide instantaneous protection against diseases caused by viruses and bacteria, ... being published in the Early Edition of the Proceedings ...
Cached Medicine News:Health News:The Flag Company, Inc. Releases 'Feel Good' Light Lenses to Help Counter Gloomy Economic Outlook 2Health News:The Flag Company, Inc. Releases 'Feel Good' Light Lenses to Help Counter Gloomy Economic Outlook 3Health News:Shopping for a Vacuum Cleaner? Know What You're Buying! Internet Site and Rating System Can Help 2Health News:Shopping for a Vacuum Cleaner? Know What You're Buying! Internet Site and Rating System Can Help 3Health News:CMPMedica Signs an Agreement With MAIDIS for e-prescribing Solutions in Abu Dhabi (UAE) 2Health News:CMPMedica Signs an Agreement With MAIDIS for e-prescribing Solutions in Abu Dhabi (UAE) 3Health News:Satellite Healthcare Researchers to Present at 29th Annual Dialysis Conference 2Health News:Satellite Healthcare Researchers to Present at 29th Annual Dialysis Conference 3Health News:CRN Responds to GAO Report on Dietary Supplements 2Health News:CRN Responds to GAO Report on Dietary Supplements 3Health News:Scripps research scientists engineer new type of vaccination that provides instant immunity 2Health News:Scripps research scientists engineer new type of vaccination that provides instant immunity 3
(Date:7/10/2014)... 10, 2014  RESMED INC. (NYSE: RMD ) ... fiscal year ended June 30, 2014 results on Thursday, July ... A press release with ResMed,s results will be issued after ... a webcast to discuss operating results and future outlook. ... p.m. US Pacific Time and the live webcast of the ...
(Date:7/10/2014)... , July 10, 2014  Decision Resources ... surveyed infectious disease (ID) specialists are willing to ... Orbactiv (oritavancin) for use as OPAT, approximately two-thirds ... these agents to their hospital inpatients. However, our ... OPAT patients are initiated on OPAT following hospital ...
(Date:1/15/2014)... -- ChinaMarketResearchReports.com adds "China Orthopedic Instrument Industry Report, 2013-2015" ... (Photo: http://photos.prnewswire.com/prnh/20140115/MN46792 ) Benefiting from aging ... China,s orthopedic instrument industry has seen rapid ... from 3.28 billion yuan in 2006 to 9.85 billion ...
Breaking Medicine Technology:ResMed To Announce Fourth Quarter And Fiscal Year-End 2014 Results 2Long-Acting Antibiotics Offering Once-Weekly Dosing Will See Favorable Uptake and Use as Outpatient Parenteral Antimicrobial Therapy (OPAT) 2Long-Acting Antibiotics Offering Once-Weekly Dosing Will See Favorable Uptake and Use as Outpatient Parenteral Antimicrobial Therapy (OPAT) 3Orthopedic Instrument Industry in China Markets Forecast to 2015 2Orthopedic Instrument Industry in China Markets Forecast to 2015 3
... DecisionView Inc., a leading provider of software ... sciences companies, today announced the release of StudyOptimizer ... solution for patient enrollment planning, tracking and forecasting. ... site performance and cost projections, StudyOptimizer 4.3 significantly ...
... Mich., July 19, 2011 Terumo Heart, Inc., a ... a patient implanted with the DuraHeart™ Left Ventricular Assist ... the mechanical circulatory support device.  Helga Gieseke, living in ... German Heart Institute Berlin) and is now one of ...
Cached Medicine Technology:DecisionView StudyOptimizer 4.3™ Enhances Market-Leading Enrollment Optimization Solution With Greater Visibility Into Site Performance and Cost Forecasting 2DecisionView StudyOptimizer 4.3™ Enhances Market-Leading Enrollment Optimization Solution With Greater Visibility Into Site Performance and Cost Forecasting 3German Patient Surpasses 5 Years of Support on DuraHeart™ Left Ventricular Assist Device 2German Patient Surpasses 5 Years of Support on DuraHeart™ Left Ventricular Assist Device 3
The Tag-It™ Cystic Fibrosis ASR reagents can be used by high complexity CLIA approved laboratories for detection of up to 70 mutations and 6 variants (polymorphisms) in the cystic fibrosis tran...
Paraffin Block Storage System...
The Modular Storage Drawers provide permanent storage and identification of up to 165 embedding rings or 250 cassettes per drawer....
Improving on the technology that the world has come to expect from the original SHUR/Mark® Cassette and Slide Labelers, SHUR/Mark® PLUS offers many added enhancements....
Medicine Products: