Navigation Links
Functional Taste Cells Cultured In Vitro

Nancy Rawson, PhD, a cellular biologist who is the principle investigator said that the new technique of in vitro culturing of taste cells would help them to discover molecules that can enhance or block different kinds of tastes.// Researchers from the Monell Chemical Senses Center have succeeded in growing mature taste receptor cells outside the body. They have also been successful in keeping the cells alive for a prolonged period of time. This is a break through as it opens a range of new opportunities for the scientists to understand the sense of taste and how it plays a vital role in nutrition, health and disease.

This technique may provide hope for people who have lost their sense of taste due to radiation therapy or tissue damage. This system gives us a way to test for drugs that can promote recovery. The results of this study are published in the journal Chemical Senses.

Taste receptor cells are located in taste buds on the tongue and in the throat. These cells contain the receptors that detect taste stimuli: sweet, sour, salty, bitter and savory. Each taste receptor cell lives for only about 10-14 days, after which it is replaced. The new taste cells develop from a population of undifferentiated precursor cells known as basal cells.

The Monell researchers obtained basal cells from rat taste buds and placed these cells in a tissue culture system containing nutrients and growth factors. In this environment, the basal cells divided and differentiated into functional taste cells. The new cells had the ability to stay alive for up to two months and were similar to mature taste cells in several key respects. These cells were subjected to functional assays which revealed that the cultured cells responded to either bitter or sweet taste stimuli with increases of intracellular calcium, another property characteristic of mature taste cells.

Hakan Ozdener, MD, PhD said that the taste cell culture system provides new insight into the differentiation process of the basal cells into the functional taste cells. This study also suggests that induction of these cells does not depend on the interactions with the nervous system. The use of cultured taste cells is that researchers could excise more control over the cell's surrounding environment and have better access to sub cellular mechanisms analyzed. Various studies such as how taste stimuli interact behaves to enhance good tastes or suppress unpleasant tastes. Similarly, new molecules, including potential artificial sweeteners or bitter blockers, can be evaluated to see if they interact with taste receptors to activate the cell.

Another important aspect is the use of this knowledge in the treatment for these patients who have lost their sense of taste from radiation or diseases. Researchers also hope to gain insight into how taste cell function changes across the lifespan, from infancy and childhood through old age.

Further research should be done using human taste cell biopsies and analyze it.


'"/>




Related medicine news :

1. Functional foods reduce cholesterol
2. Shy Bladder Syndrome: A Social Phobia Or Functional Disorder Of Micturition?
3. Bio-Functional Garments That Could Revolutionize Fashion Industry
4. Functional Differences In Estrogen Receptor Could Be A Therapeutic Target
5. Patents: Appellate Board Becomes Functional
6. Hunger Found To Influence Taste
7. Understanding The Link Between Hunger and Taste
8. Understanding The Role Of Olfaction In Taste
9. More About The Coffee Bean Than Just A Heavenly Taste and Smell
10. Cocoa: Doesn’t Taste Like Red Wine But Has Benefits Like It
11. Punjabis Transfer Taste From Chicken To Prawns
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:


(Date:6/26/2016)... ... 27, 2016 , ... Quality metrics are proliferating in cancer care, and are ... the eye of the beholder, according to experts who offered insights and commentary in ... Managed Care. For the full issue, click here . , For the American ...
(Date:6/26/2016)... ... 26, 2016 , ... Pixel Film Studios Released ProSlice Levels, a Media Slicing ... their videos a whole new perspective by using the title layers in ProSlice ... , ProSlice Levels contains over 30 Different presets to choose from. FCPX ...
(Date:6/26/2016)... ... 26, 2016 , ... Brent Kasmer, a legally blind and certified personal trainer is helping to ... app. The fitness app plans to fix the two major problems leading the fitness industry ... fits all type program , They don’t eliminate all the reasons people quit ...
(Date:6/25/2016)... ... June 25, 2016 , ... ... and applications at AcademyHealth’s Annual Research Meeting June 26-28, 2016, at the Hynes ... important health care topics including advance care planning, healthcare costs and patient and ...
(Date:6/25/2016)... ... June 25, 2016 , ... The temporary closing of Bruton Memorial Library on June ... , brings up a new, often overlooked aspect of head lice: the parasite’s ability to ... is not a common occurrence, but a necessary one in the event that lice have ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:6/23/2016)... Calif. , June 23, 2016 ... CST on Thursday, July 7, 2016 , , , , ... ) , , , , EXPERT PANELISTS:  , , ... Naik; Senior Industry Analyst, Christi Bird; Senior Industry Analyst, Divyaa Ravishankar ... The global pharmaceutical industry is witnessing an exceptional ...
(Date:6/23/2016)... 2016  Guerbet announced today that it has been ... Award . One of 12 suppliers to ... its support of Premier members through exceptional local customer ... commitment to lower costs. ... our outstanding customer service from Premier," says Massimo ...
(Date:6/23/2016)... 2016 The Biotechnology industry might ... present great opportunities to investors. Stock-Callers.com assesses the recent ... (NYSE: XON ), Vertex Pharmaceuticals Inc. (NASDAQ: ... ARNA ), and Regeneron Pharmaceuticals Inc. (NASDAQ: ... receive your complimentary trade alerts at: ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: