Navigation Links
First Genetically Engineered Maize Resistant to Maize Streak Virus Produced in S. Africa

Scientists at the University of Cape Town, South Africa, and colleagues at the South African seed company, PANNAR Pty Ltd, have reportedly developed a resistant variety of maize that could alleviate both food shortages and promote genetically engineered (GE) foods in Africa.

The MSV-resistant maize is the first GE crop developed and tested solely by Africans.

According to Dr. Dionne Shepherd of the University of Cape Town, and her co-authors B. Owor, R. Edema, A. Varsani, D.P. Martin, J.A. Thomson and E.P. Rybicki, maize streak viruses (MSV) are Gemini-viruses that can destroy most of a maize crop.

They are endemic to sub-Saharan Africa and adjacent Indian Ocean islands where they are transmitted by leafhoppers in the genus Cicadulina.

Maize can supply 50 percent of the caloric intake in sub-Saharan Africa but, in certain years, a farmer's entire crop can be wiped out.

In their study presented at the annual meeting of the American Society of Plant Biologists in Chicago on Sunday, Shepher and her colleagues claimed that maize, which originated in Mexico, was carried to Africa in the 1500s and eventually displaced native food crops such as sorghum and millet. aize streak virus, an endemic pathogen of native African grasses, was then carried to maize plants by viruliferous leafhoppers.

They said that African scientists have been working for more than a quarter century on developing resistant varieties of maize by selecting and crossing varieties with various degrees of resistance to the virus.

They said the resistance to the virus requires multiple genes located on different chromosomes, thus ruling out a straightforward process.

The group at the University of Cape Town mutated a viral gene that encodes a protein that the virus needs to replicate itself and inserted it into maize plants. When the virus infects one of these transgenic maize plants, the mutated protein, which is expressed at a high level, prevents the virus from replicating and killing the plant.

The transgenic maize variety has proven consistently resistant to MSV and the trait can be reliably passed on to the next generation and in crosses to other varieties, they opined.

Field trials are scheduled to begin soon, not only to test the effectiveness of the technology in the field, but also to ensure that the GE maize variety has no unintended effects on beneficial organisms that may feed on it.

The resistant maize will also be tested to ensure that the viral protein is digestible and non-allergenic.


'"/>




Related medicine news :

1. First Vaccine Designed for Africa Cleared for Testing in Humans
2. Ajanta Launches Worlds First Once-A-Day Nimesulide Oral Formulation
3. First human clone is near
4. First Artificial Heart patient has Major setback
5. First head-to-head trials of once weekly Fosamax and Actonel therapies
6. WHO Declares Vietnam First Country to Control SARS
7. Russia Reports First SARS Case
8. Hope for First New Melanoma Treatment in Decades
9. First global SARS meet opens
10. Stanford Medical Center Implements The First Virtual Cardiac Ultrasound
11. Hyderabad To Have Asia’s First Catheter Making Uni
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:


(Date:10/12/2017)... ... October 12, 2017 , ... Leading pediatric oncology experts ... Washington, D.C., for the 49th Congress of the International Society of Paediatric Oncology ... of the Center for Cancer and Blood Disorders at Children’s National, and ...
(Date:10/12/2017)... , ... October 12, 2017 , ... ... named one of Michigan’s 2017 Best and Brightest in Wellness® by Best and ... Wellness® awards program on Friday, Oct. 20 from 7:30 a.m. to 2 p.m. ...
(Date:10/12/2017)... BALTIMORE (PRWEB) , ... October 12, 2017 , ... ... average of $3,296 in property taxes a year. In some states—like New York, ... higher. , By contrast, many overseas retirement havens have extremely low property-tax rates, ...
(Date:10/12/2017)... , ... October 12, 2017 , ... ... at the University of California Berkeley, and other leading institutions in announcing the ... power of institutions to change the way animals are raised for food. , ...
(Date:10/12/2017)... ... October 12, 2017 , ... Nvision Biomedical Technologies ... with the addition of industry sales leader, Thomas (Tom) Slott, as Senior Vice ... distribution and sales network, direct the efforts of the surgical sales teams, manage ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:10/4/2017)... -- According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), influenza ... Care is helping communities across Massachusetts , ... no-cost* flu shots through the end of the month. *Some ... ... flu shot is by the end of October, according to the Centers ...
(Date:10/2/2017)... 2017  Eli Lilly and Company (NYSE: ... third quarter of 2017 on Tuesday, October 24, 2017. ... day with the investment community and media to further ... call will begin at 9 a.m. Eastern time. Investors, ... webcast of the conference call through a link that ...
(Date:10/2/2017)... Denmark , Oct. 2, 2017 The Rebound ... in the struggle to reverse the tide of prescription drug ... for regulating their medicine intake and stepping down their dosage ... set to launch in December 2017; the first 100,000 people ... Learn more at http://www.rebound-solution.com/ ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: