Navigation Links
Finger And Toe abnormalities Related to Maternal Smoking

In the largest study ever conducted on the effects of smoking and incidence of birth defects, it has now been found that maternal smoking is associated with an increased risk of finger and toe abnormalities. // The birth defects could range from polydactly (presence of extra digits in either the arms or feet) to webbed (syndactyly) or missing toes and fingers (adactyly).

The researchers studied data related to more than 6.8 million live births (2001-2002) in the United States. The incidence of toe and finger abnormality in this group was as high as 5,171 even when other factors such as cardiovascular disease, diabetes and hypertension were absent in the study group.

Alarmingly, it has been found that smoking 1- 10 cigarettes a day increases the risk of finger or toe abnormality by as much as 29%. The risk was found to be much higher when this figure increased to more than 10 or 20 with 38 and 78% respectively. The results of this study appear in the journal of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery.

The incidence of syndactyly is approximately 1 in 2000 to 2500 live births and is particularly high among the Caucasian population. Polydactyly is however more common, with an incidence of 1 in 600 and is more common among individuals of an African American descent. These defects are multifactorial, and caused by a combination of genetic and environmental factors. Therefore, identification of a definitive environmental factor is of crucial importance in the prevention of such birth defects.

“Reconstructive surgery to repair limb, toe and finger abnormalities in children represents a large portion of my practice - it is the most common issue I treat. Parents would ask why this happened to their child, but I didn't have an answer. This study shows that even minimal smoking during pregnancy can significantly increase the risk of having a child with various toe and finger defects," said Benjamin Chang, one of the study author s.

"The results of this study were interesting. We suspected that smoking was a cause of digital anomalies but didn't expect the results to be so dramatic. Smoking is so addictive that pregnant women often can't stop the habit, no matter what the consequences. Our hope is this study will show expectant mothers another danger of lighting up", concluded Dr. Chang.
'"/>




Related medicine news :

1. Fingerprinting prostate cancer
2. Lengthy Fingers could predict heart attacks
3. Is Man’s Aggression Linked To His Finger
4. Placing a Finger on Responses to Placebo Types
5. Cholesterol Plays An Important Role In Finger and Toe Development
6. A Womans Sporting Ability Is In Her Fingers!
7. Protein ‘Fingerprint’ in Spinal Fluid Could Spot Alzheimer’s Disese
8. Genetic Fingerprints Identify Brain Tumors Origins
9. ‘Fingerprints’ to Track Common Infections in Childrn
10. Obese children may have abnormalities of lipoproteins
11. Test for prenatal chromosomal abnormalities using cervical swab
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:


(Date:5/27/2016)... (PRWEB) , ... May 27, 2016 , ... ... in scholarships to students studying complementary medicine. Allison Outerbridge is this year’s ... her award on May 18 at the university’s Student Leadership Awards ceremony. , ...
(Date:5/26/2016)... ... May 26, 2016 , ... There are many ways to cook a hot ... suggests that Americans prefer their dogs straight off the grill. Of the 90 percent ... favorite way to cook a hot dog, far outpacing other cooking methods such as ...
(Date:5/26/2016)... (PRWEB) , ... May 26, 2016 , ... ... and clinical outcomes, hosted members and suppliers for its inaugural Member Conference at ... on their mission of elevating the operational health of America’s healthcare providers. , ...
(Date:5/26/2016)... ... May 26, 2016 , ... On Memorial Day, Hope ... lost their lives in military battle for the country. The nonprofit Hope For ... provide more programs that empower independence for disabled military veterans, as well as police, ...
(Date:5/26/2016)... ... May 26, 2016 , ... There are nearly 14.5 million people living with ... worldwide. On Sunday, June 5, 2016, communities around the world will gather to recognize ... , National Cancer Survivors Day® is an annual worldwide Celebration of Life that is ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:5/25/2016)... Digital Health Dialog, LLC dba EngagedMedia ... US Patent and Trademark Office of U.S. Patent ... for electronic opt-­in and processing of discount coupons ... compliance and otherwise. Logo - http://photos.prnewswire.com/prnh/20160524/371583LOGO ... "Our technology allows for individuals to opt­-in to ...
(Date:5/24/2016)... , May 24, 2016 ... Markt gebracht, die es Ärzten erlaubt, ihre Expertise ... behandeln: MDLinking kombiniert Live Streaming mit einer Instant-Messaging-Funktion ... zu kommunizieren. Mediziner in Europa, Afrika, Asien und ... bereits für die Plattform registriert. Information ...
(Date:5/24/2016)... HENDERSON, Nev. , May 24, 2016  Diana ... painfully "eats" her organs from the inside out.  This ... her completely dependent on her children and grandchildren to ... of her wheelchair, Diana,s family cannot haul the wheelchair.  ... rides in the car, and Diana is left to ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: