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Fat Cell Protein Hits Type-2 Diabetes

According to researchers a protein found in human fat cells may become key to the development of future treatments for type-2 or adult onset diabetes. According to Dr. Lucino Roseveltte, professor of medicine at 0the Hopkins College of Medicine in New York , there are molecules produced by the fat cells, the adipose tissue//, circulating throughout the body and affecting the functions of different organs. Their research identifies one very significant protein, Acpr30, that is made in fat cells--- and made less abundantly in the fat cells of obese people and animals -- that significantly affects insulin action in the liver.

Type-2 diabetes affects between 2 million and 6 million Americans and is rising in epidemic proportions as obesity rates also rise. Type-2 diabetes accounts for 70 percent to 90 percent of all diabetes cases. The majority of people who have type-2 diabetes are obese, about 60 to 80 percent. According to him the idea has been developed that the adipose cell where the fat is stored is also producing very active molecules that are really functioning as hormones. He said his research team found a very clear mechanism by which an increase or decrease in fat cell size, as happens in obese humans, might cause severe hepatic (liver) insulin resistance because less of a hormone-like protein, Acrp30, is secreted by the fat cell.

The researchers used a genetic approach in cells to generate an exact copy of the Acrp30 protein. They injected mice with Acrp30 until they doubled the protein level. The question was that iIf we simply doubled the concentration of this adipose-derived hormone and then carefully measure the hepatic glucose production -- or action of insulin on the liver-- are we generating a significant effect?' The answer we found was a clear-cut'Yes, according to Roseveltte. What's really interesting about Acrp30 is that we know that it is missing or lower in obese people.

He said the study suggests just small in
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