Navigation Links
Fact Sheet on Polonium-210 - The Substance That Killed Former Russian Spy

Two UAB (University of Alabama at Birmingham) physicians with special expertise in radiation poisoning have compiled a fact sheet on polonium-210, the substance implicated// in the death of a former Russian spy. Benjamin C. Smith, M.D., is a nuclear engineer, and Ziad N. Kazzi, M.D., is a medical toxicologist. They are in UAB’s Department of Emergency Medicine. Kazzi, co-director of the UAB Center for Emerging Infections and Emergency Preparedness, studied radiation poisoning at the federal Centers for Disease Control and Prevention and Radiation Emergency Assistance Center/Training site. They both are available for interviews through UAB Media Relations.

Polonium-210: Fact Sheet

Polonium-210 is a radioactive material that releases alpha particles. Its typical uses include devices that eliminate static charges and dust in textile mills, photographic plates and phonographs/records. It is found in small amounts as a contaminant in cigarette smoke and is likely a significant contributor to lung cancer.

Alpha particles are ionizing radiation that can be stopped simply with a piece of paper, or by the dead superficial layer of skin. The particles release all their energy in a very short distance, so when polonium-210 is placed on the skin, it is not dangerous; however, when taken into the body via inhalation or ingestion, polonium can enter the blood stream and alpha particles can impact organs and vital tissues directly.

Polonium-210 is excreted in feces and urine over a period of several months.

The polonium-210 dose that will kill 50 percent of persons who internalize it is about 100,000th of a milligram, one-million times more toxic than cyanide.

Some commercially manufactured antistatic devices may contain as much as 500 micro-curies of polonium-210, theoretically enough radioactive material to kill 5,000 persons.5 However, this polonium is affixed in a gold foil amalgam; extremely sophist icated techniques and advanced technical knowledge would be required to weaponize such polonium.

In its purest form, the amount of polonium-210 that would fit on the tip of a pen (0.5 mm3), if properly dispersed, could kill 500 persons. In the U.S., access to pure radioactive material such as polonium-210 is heavily government-regulated and requires a license for its handling and use.

Dimercaprol, also known as British Anti-Lewisite, is a chelating agent that may be effective as a treatment for Polonium-210 poisoning.

Source-Newswise
'"/>




Related medicine news :

1. Substance abuse linked to adult antisocial syndrome
2. UV- Light Tanning As A Type Of Substance-Related Disorder
3. Homeless People More Prone To Substance Abuse
4. Substance Abuse Prevention Messages Better Received Among Teenagers in the Form of Media Campaigns and Curriculum
5. Using Herbal Products Heightens Substance Abuse Risk in Teens
6. Healthcare Worker Arrested For Administering Noxious Substances
7. Better Screening Now Possible For ADHD In Adult Substance Users
8. More Medicines Found To Contain Toxic Substance
9. Substance P May Pre-empt VIP in Regulating Temperature
10. BBIC – A SOY-based Substance Treats Multiple Sclerosi
11. Natural Brain Substance Linked to Parkinsons Symptoms
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:


(Date:12/8/2016)... ... December 08, 2016 , ... ... “Natural Language Processing–Enabled and Conventional Data Capture Methods for Input to Electronic Health ... . , Results of the comparative usability study demonstrate that a dictation-based method ...
(Date:12/8/2016)... ... December 08, 2016 , ... Mirixa Corporation , ... and other pharmacist-delivered patient care services, has announced the promotions of Karen Litsinger ... vice president of sales. , Litsinger joined Mirixa in 2008 after serving ...
(Date:12/8/2016)... ... December 08, 2016 , ... With the increasing demand for ... In Your Mouth?” (WIYM) campaign to inform dentists and patients about the safety issues ... implant and prosthetic market in the U.S. is projected to reach $6.4 billion in ...
(Date:12/8/2016)... ... , ... Premier Fitness Camp (PFC) and The Chopra Center for Wellbeing announced ... program, at their world headquarters of Omni La Costa Resort & Spa in San ... seeking weight loss, personal development, a healthy lifestyle, or mental and physical healing. The ...
(Date:12/8/2016)... ... December 08, 2016 , ... ... continuity to its innovative Unified Instance Manager architecture, meeting the needs of ... new version optimizes the unattended auto-dialing system without agents, Presence Robodialer, provides ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:12/8/2016)... , December 8, 2016 Information products ... metrics in Scopus , the world,s largest abstract ... access to comprehensive metrics for journals from over 5,000 publishers. The ... which journals to subscribe to and when to adjust a journal,s ... , , ...
(Date:12/8/2016)... ALBANY, New York , December 8, 2016 ... the global Diabetes Injection Pens Market is expected ... as compared to US$4.9 bn in 2015. Between the forecast ... to rise at a CAGR of 7.9%. The leading players ... Nordisk A/S, Eli Lilly and Company, AstraZaneca plc., Biocon Ltd., ...
(Date:12/8/2016)... 2016 According to a new market research report ... Therapeutic (Pain, Insulin)), End Use (Sports, Fitness, RPM), Type (Smart watch, Patch), ... global market, in terms of value, is projected to reach 12.14 Billion ... 18.0% during the forecast period. Continue Reading ... ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: