Patients suffering from Cushings Syndrome can breathe a bit easily now. The US drug manufacturers Corcept Therapeutics has received orphan drug status for its Corlux from the Food and Drug Administration (F.D.A.).
Cushing's Syndrome is a disorder caused by prolonged exposure of the body's tissues to high levels of the hormone cortisol.
Symptoms vary, but most people have high blood sugar, high blood pressure, upper body obesity, rounded face, increased fat around the neck, thinning arms and legs, severe fatigue and weak muscles. Irritability, anxiety and depression are common.
Cortisol is a normal hormone produced in the outer portion, or cortex, of the adrenal glands, located above each kidney. The normal function of cortisol is to help the body respond to stress and change. It mobilizes nutrients, modifies the body's response to inflammation, stimulates the liver to raise the blood sugar, and it helps control the amount of water in the body. Another adrenal cortex hormone, aldosterone, regulates salt and water levels which affects blood volume and blood pressure. Small amounts of androgens (male hormones) are also normally produced in the adrenal cortex. Cortisol production is regulated by adrenocorticotrophic hormone (ACTH), made in the pituitary gland, which is located just below the brain.
When too much cortisol is produced in the adrenal glands, or an excess is taken in treating other diseases, significant changes occur in all of the tissues and organs of the body. All of these effects together are called Cushing's Syndrome.
Sometimes called "hypercortisolism," it is relatively rare and most commonly affects adults aged 20 to 50. An estimated 10 to 15 of every one million people are affected each year.
It is precisely in treatment of such rare diseases the designation of orphan drug helps.
In the US an orphan drug is any drug developed under the Orphan DrugPage: 1 2 Related medicine news :1
. Indian Pharmaceutical Industries Stops Manufacturing And Sale Of Valdecoxib2
. South Africa May Start Manufacturing Bird Flu Vaccines3
. Medical LINAC Machine Manufacturing Unit At Khargar4
. Aurobindo Pharma Purchases US Manufacturing Facility5
. The Living Cell – Manufacturing, Protecting and Thrivin6
. Early Clue to Down Syndrome 7
. Hope For Stiff-Person Syndrome8
. Restless Legs Syndrome - Help at hand9
. Severe Acute respiratory Syndrome (SARS)10
. WHO Travel Advice to prevent spread of "Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome (SARS)11
. Treatment for Syndrome X